Emerging technology refers to new innovative technologies with great potential to enhance and replace existing technology or generate new advanced technology. Both formal and informal education is proposed to produce well-capable and highly competitive IT graduates. This is considered important to deal with the challenge of emerging technology in the 21st century. This report aims to explore the contribution of universities in response to the development of emerging technology in the era of technological advancement. Many students and graduates are facing real difficulties with employment at major companies related to IT field due to the growing number of artificial intelligence and robots.
Research suggest that employers want IT graduates who can communicates clearly, think critically and interact in any given field of technology. To better prepare graduates, university need to consider other option on how they facilitate graduate’s student with career skills. As technology evolve and the world becomes more interconnected than ever, having multiple skills is necessary to be successful in an IT industry. Universities need to develop and modernize to prepare graduate to be competitive in the changing Job skills. In simple terms, universities have a significant contribution towards the development of emerging technology in the era of technological advancement. University system equip student with skills they needs to become successful and productive and professional individual, but most importantly to produce competitive IT graduates that can compete with emerging technology.
University is vital in producing talented, competitive and professional graduates. As the world becomes increasingly interconnected through technology, internet security vulnerabilities become with complexity. Unexpected interaction between hardware and software can magnify the impact of a vulnerability. As technology continues it shift away from PC environment to a cloud-based, it exposes sensitive systems and network in ways that were never imagined. Changing technology continues to alter possibilities for learning and create new challenges for major universities.
Robotics refers to physical machine that can be programmed to perform a variety of different tasks, with some level of interaction with it environment, and limited or no input form an operator. In years past, automated device was developed to perform tedious tasks and to handle heavy objects. Enthusiast robotics, known as the father of robotics, see a bright future for automation. ‘His goal, he said in a 1980 interview, was to make robots more like people: the closer the robot comes to having human flexibility, the more robotic it is (Fred Reed, 1980).’
1.1 PURSPOSE AND SCOPE
This report examines how student graduates are facing real difficulties with employment at major companies related to in the IT field due to the growing number of robotics and artificial intelligence and make recommendation to university on how to prepare IT graduates ready for the workforce. It analyses the reasons for need of improvement, particularly with universities to need of modernise the IT field to prepare competitive in graduates ready for the workforce.
1.2 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research questions quidding this report are:
1. Describe a technology that is emerging or has recently become commercially available in the information Technology field.
2. Discuss the impact that this new technology might have on the future job skills required by IT university graduates.
3. Make recommendation to the university sector on how to IT student can be best prepared to have job ready skills for an industry dominated by new technologies.
2.0. EMERGING TECHNOLOGY IMPACTS
Emerging technology in the information technology is growing so rapidly, form robotics, machine learning, augmented reality, 3-D printing and autonomous devices that can help with range of different tasks. These technologies are growing fast based on their scope of impact and the ability to transform existing business and personal lives. They can improve lives and destroy job opportunities. Technology is becoming more sophisticated than ever and this is having an impact on the workforce and graduate’s student. In this report I will exploring on topic of emerging technology such as robotics and artificial intelligence.
Since the beginning of time man has been known to evolve form the stone age to the information age.as civilisation continue to thrive so is the technology around us. People likes us have simplified the tools and the same tools continue to shape us on how we preform our daily tasks. In the past information past down from to student through folk tales and storytelling, but a lot has changed now, for IT graduates to fit in major company they need other skills not just industry skills.
Expert around the world have pondering on whether robots are going to replace most Jobs, and many Journal articles have been published about Robotics and the future of work, and this has put a lot pressure on major higher education institutes whether to implement new curriculum on how they prepare IT graduates for the future of work. Robots are still evolving, and universities should take this opportunity to help prepare IT student with other skills not just industry skills in a given sector of information technology.
Robotics refers to physical machine that can be programmed to perform a variety of different tasks, with some level of interaction with it environment, and limited or no input form an operator. In part by incorporating machine learning.
2.2. IMPACTS FOR ROBOTICS
Throughout history robots has been known to improve productivity when they are applied to task that they can perform more efficient and to a higher and more consistent of quality than humans. Inventions, such as 3-D printing and the printing press allowed for significant increase in productivity. Electricity, the invention of smart machine and plastic and more machine and robots have dramatically improved productivity in the past few years.
Emerging Technology offers graduates with advantages, but it also has negative impacts on their employement. Robotics may help in wide range of areas, and new technologies could lead to lower demand of certain resources results in increased unemployment for graduate’s students.
2.3. SKILL REQUIRED
First Critical thinking, that is the ability to gather correct information and material in a way that one can make an informed decision. Second problem solving skill. Life is full of surprise with new problem arising at every level, and that why we need to have the ability to analyse the problem and perceive what is the best decision possible, while being diligent about the fact that there no such thing as perfect solution. Third is the ability to be able to work in a team. Everyday problem is becoming more and more complex e.g. global warming and disease break-out, we need knowledge, experience, and insight form people with different backgrounds. What better way to develop soft skills, because this are skills robots lack most and there’s no way they can gain this set of soft skills. These are the kind of skill to be adapted in every university, they are the ones that will pave the way not only to satisfy employment, but also are one needed by employers.
IT is shaping way how education is evolving with globalisation. Most universities are not preparing IT graduates for the workforce in terms of Skills in this emerging technology era, and this is a big question with serious implications for IT graduates, as well as employers and communities that seek capable career candidates. It also leads to a bigger question: should IT graduates employability be central to the mission of universities? Until recently the answer was generally No, with exception of workplace development programs (Aasheim C. L. Williams S. R. Butler E. S., 2009).
Self-driving cars powered by artificial intelligence, real world application of machine learning range from image processing, spam filtering, detection. Machine learning enable automation of reasoning about data, including pattern recognition.
Robotics and machine learning are getting smart, and many of the job performed by people today are going to disappear. Today intelligent machine is detecting spam, and even write its own computer program, e.g. Deep Coder from Microsoft. Technology has been around for a long time, the change taking effect today is growing so rapidly and schools/universities need new approach to prepare student as they seek career as graduates to adapt to ongoing changes of work life (Matej B., Alexander L. G., Marc Brock Schmidt, Sebastian N, Daniel T, 2016-2017).
For higher education to meet this challenge they need to change and put lifelong learning at the heart of what they do. Lecturer have the responsibility to student of today and tomorrow to change the way we do business and prepare the upcoming IT graduates for the workforce in the emerging technology in information technology era.
4.0. THE BIG PICTURE
Education and technology have historically evolved together and will continue to do so. The emerging technologies have the potential to improve higher education and current undergraduate student for future employment; however, technology alone is insufficient to address the many challenges student, graduates and educators are facing. Emerging technology is but part of a broader solution that should include greater reason for teaching and learning, and variety of other critical changes to undergraduate’s students. Only with such a comprehensive approach will we be able to be educated and train today’s student to becomes tomorrow business leaders.
Research suggest that technology can support key practice of student learning, such as assesing individual’s students’ strengths and needs, flexible scheduling and pacing, advising, presenting content in alternative ways, projects-based learning, and involving the community. Technology also has been successfully integrated in curriculum-based to personalise learning. However, technology alone it is not likely to transform traditional learning environment. Concern about the future of employment and job opportunities for graduates is causing widespread concern and debate. With more attention on automation, e.g. robotics – more often represented as job killers.
Given present trends, it seems likely that our lives will become more and more enmeshed by computers, computer networking, robotics and the media. There are just too many aspects of learning that require IT graduates in interaction for this to happen.
The lack of industry-oriented environment matters at school means there is a disconnect between careers and aspiration. Both graduates and employer’s states that higher education does not prepare graduates well enough for industry demands. Skills lacking include ‘soft skills’.
Robotics and machine learning will keep on increasing and shape the way we work, with the potential to increase productivity, quality and safety of products and services. This means supporting graduate’s student internship with on experience but most importantly providing education and kills to prepare them to compete in the future of workforces.
Education has the power to change lives and effect better future. Universities and schools must reconsider how to approach learning in the era of growing number of new technologies and innovations. University must do a better job ensuring graduate students grasp the fundamental principle of discipline, along with basic soft skills, e.g., reasoning and communication. As technology become more and more powerful, we need to researchers to ensure a positive future. University have a crucial role to play to fill the missing gap in how they approach teaching to prepare graduates to compete in the 21st century emerging technologies and information technologies.
Bakari Mustafa, 2018.
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