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Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church

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Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church
TypeEastern Orthodox
ClassificationIndependent Eastern Orthodox
OrientationTrue Orthodox
PrimateMetropolitan Theodore (Gineyevsky) [ru]
LanguageChurch Slavonic, some English
HeadquartersSuzdal, Russia
PossessionsRussia, Ukraine, Latvia, Switzerland, United States, Canada, Greece, Italy, Australia, Congo
RecognitionUnrecognized by most Orthodox churches – see True Orthodoxy
Separated fromRussian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (as Russian Orthodox Church Aboard in 1994)
Official websiteRussian Orthodox Autonomous Church

The Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church (ROAC, Russian: Российская православная автономная церковь, РПАЦ) is a non-canonical Russian Orthodox church body. ROAC identifies as part of True Orthodoxy. It was formed in 1994 by a number of former ROCOR parishes, who formed an independent jurisdiction because of disagreements with the ROCOR and the Russian Orthodox Church.

Their synod is located in Suzdal, Russia. The ROAC rejects the "Sergianist heresy" and holds that the sacraments of the Moscow Patriarchate (considered distinct from the Russian Orthodox Church that existed before the Bolshevik revolution) are anathema or invalid and ineffectual for salvation.[1] The ROAC upholds in principle and emphasizes the ROCOR 1983 anathema against ecumenism.[2]

The ROAC has 10 bishops, including five Archbishops (Seraphim, Hilarion, Victor, Timothy and Andrei),[3] led by Metropolitan Theodore. The ROAC has a section in Latvia called the Latvian Orthodox Autonomous Church.


When this group split from ROCOR in 1994, it was called the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad (ROCA).

The ROAC was also historically referred to as the Karlovci Synod (Russian: Карловацкий синод) or "Karlovatsky group," dating to early years of the church outside Russia, when its bishops were based in Sremski Karlovci, Serbia. [4][clarification needed]


  1. "What we believe". Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church - roacusa.org.
  2. Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church website: Solemn Anathema Against Ecumenism
  3. "RPAC EPISCOPATE". Archived from the original on 2013-12-06. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. Synod of Karlovci Britannica

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