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Sacramento, California

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Sacramento, California
City of Sacramento
Sacramento
California State Capitol
Crocker Art Museum West
The Sacramento Kings at Golden 1 Center
Sacramento Riverfront
California Supreme Court
Flag of Sacramento, California
Flag
Official seal of Sacramento, California
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Latin: Urbs Indomita
(English: "Indomitable City")
Location within Sacramento County
Location within Sacramento County
Sacramento is located in California
Sacramento
Sacramento
Location within California
Sacramento is located in the United States
Sacramento
Sacramento
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.55556°N 121.46889°W / 38.55556; -121.46889Coordinates: 38°33′20″N 121°28′08″W / 38.55556°N 121.46889°W / 38.55556; -121.46889
CountryTemplate:US
State California
County Sacramento
RegionSacramento Valley
CSASacramento-Roseville
MSASacramento–Roseville–Arden-Arcade
IncorporatedFebruary 27, 1850[1]
Chartered1920[2]
Named forSacrament of the Holy Eucharist
Government
 • TypeCity Council[3]
 • BodySacramento City Council
 • MayorDarrell Steinberg (D)[4]
 • City Council[4]
Area
 • City100.11 sq mi (259.27 km2)
 • Land97.92 sq mi (253.62 km2)
 • Water2.18 sq mi (5.65 km2)  2.19%
Elevation30 ft (9 m)
Population
 • City466,488
 • Estimate 
(2017)[7]
501,901
 • Rank1st in Sacramento County
6th in California
35th in the United States
 • Density5,057.33/sq mi (1,952.65/km2)
 • Urban1,723,634
 • Metro2,149,127
 • CSA2,414,783
Demonym(s)Sacramentan
Time zoneUTC−8 (PST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
942xx, 958xx
Area code916 and 279
FIPS code06-64000
GNIS feature IDs1659564, 2411751
Primary AirportSacramento International Airport
SMF (Major/International)
InterstatesI-5 (CA).svg I-80 (CA).svg Business Loop 80 (CA).svg I-305 (CA).svg
U.S. RoutesUS 50 (1961 cutout).svg
State RoutesCalifornia 16.svg California 51.svg California 99.svg California 160.svg California 244.svg California 275.svg
Light RailSacramento RT Light Rail
Commuter RailAmtrak logo.svg
Altamont Corridor Express (planned)
CAHSR (planned)
Websitecityofsacramento.org

Sacramento (/ˌsækrəˈmɛnt/ SAK-rə-MEN-toh; Spanish: [sakɾaˈmento]) is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County. Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River in Northern California's Sacramento Valley, Sacramento's estimated 2018 population of 501,334 makes it the sixth-largest city in California and the ninth largest capital in the United States.[11][12] Sacramento is the seat of the California Assembly, the Governor of California, and Supreme Court of California, making it the state's political center and a hub for lobbying and think tanks. Sacramento is also the cultural and economic core of the Sacramento metropolitan area, which had 2010 population of 2,414,783,[10] making it the fifth largest in California.[13]

Sacramento is the fastest-growing major city in California,[14] owing to its status as a notable financial center on the West Coast and as a major educational hub, home of Sacramento State University and University of California, Davis. Similarly, Sacramento is a major center for the California healthcare industry, as the seat of Sutter Health, the world-renowned UC Davis Medical Center, and the UC Davis School of Medicine, and notable tourist destination in California, as the site of The California Museum, the Crocker Art Museum, California Hall of Fame, the California State Capitol Museum, and the Old Sacramento State Historic Park. Sacramento is known for its evolving contemporary culture, dubbed the most "hipster city" in California.[15][16] In 2002, the Harvard University Civil Rights Project conducted for Time magazine named Sacramento "America's Most Diverse City".[17]

Before the arrival of the Spanish, the area was inhabited by the Nisenan people indigenous peoples of California. Spanish cavalryman Gabriel Moraga surveyed and named the Rio del Santísimo Sacramento (Sacramento River) in 1808, after the Blessed Sacrament, referring to the Eucharist in the Catholic Church. In 1839, Juan Bautista Alvarado, Mexican governor of Alta California granted the responsibility of colonizing the Sacramento Valley to Swiss-born, Mexican citizen John Augustus Sutter, who subsequently established Sutter's Fort and the settlement at the Rancho Nueva Helvetia. Following the American Conquest of California and the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo, the waterfront developed by Sutter began to be developed and incorporated in 1850 as the City of Sacramento. As a result of the California Gold Rush, Sacramento became a major commercial center and distribution point for Northern California, serving as the terminus for the Pony Express and the First Transcontinental Railroad.

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "City Hall". City of Sacramento. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  3. "City Hall". City of Sacramento. Retrieved February 28, 2015.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Mayor & Council". City of Sacramento. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
  5. "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 28, 2017.
  6. Template:Cite GNIS
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named USCensusEst2017
  8. "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 17, 2015.
  9. "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
  10. 10.0 10.1 "American Fact Finder – Results". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 6, 2015.
  11. State of California, Department of Finance, E-1 Population Estimates for Cities, Counties and the State with Annual percent change — January 1, 2016 and 2017. Sacramento, California, May 2017
  12. "Top 50 U.S. Cities by Population and Rank". Infoplease. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  13. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
  14. Caraccio, David. "Sacramento is fastest growing big city in California". The Sacramento Bee. Retrieved May 3, 2017.
  15. Milne, Steve; Serrieh, Joanne. "Report: Sacramento Fourth Most Hipster U.S. City". Capital Public Radio. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  16. "STUDY: Seattle Tops Portland As Most 'Hipster' City in U.S. | Infogroup". Infogroup. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  17. Stodghill, Ron (August 25, 2002). "Welcome to America's Most Diverse City". Time. Retrieved July 20, 2013.

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