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Second Phase Campaign (Korean War)

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Second Phase Campaign
Part of the Korean War
Korean War, high water mark of UN occupation.gif
The high-water mark (24 Nov 1950) of UN occupation of North Korea is shown in green.
Date25 November – 24 December 1950[1]
North Korea
Result Chinese victory

 United Nations


  •  North Korea
Commanders and leaders
United States Douglas MacArthur
United States Walton H. Walker
United States Edward Almond

China Peng Dehuai
220,000[2] 390,000[3]

The Second Phase Campaign (November 25 – December 24, 1950) or Second Offensive Campaign of the Korean War was an offensive by the Chinese People's Volunteer Army against United Nations forces, most of which were soldiers of the United States army and U.S. Marines. The two major engagements of the campaign were the Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River in the western part of North Korea and the Battle of Chosin Reservoir in the eastern part of North Korea.

Casualties were heavy on both sides. The battles were fought in temperatures as low as −36 °C (−33 °F) and casualties from frostbite were as numerous as those from battle wounds. The beginning of the Second Phase Campaign coincided with the initiation of a planned UN offensive, informally called the "Home-by-Christmas Offensive." The Second Phase Campaign forced all UN forces to go on the defensive and retreat. China recaptured nearly all of North Korea by the end of the Second Phase Campaign.


Chinese strategy[edit]

Chinese forces[edit]

UN forces[edit]

Failure of UN intelligence[edit]



  1. Li, Xiaobing (2014), China's Battle for Korea: The 1951 Spring Offensive, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, p. 45
  2. Li, p. 46
  3. Li, p. 46

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