Semiotax

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Introduction[edit]

Semiotax is a term coined from the Greek semeiotikos (‘meaningful’) and taxis (‘order’, ‘organization’), so its etymological sense corresponds to 'meaningful order' or 'organization that produces meaning'.[1] Semiotax is a linguistic theory which is also called Sentence Semiotax (SS) because it is applied basically to the study of the sentence sequence (when dealing with a higher level unit, we should speak of Text Semiotax).[1] According to linguists Francisco José López Quintana and Gloria López Ramos,[1] it seeks to carry out an analysis of the information conveyed by natural languages from three different -although closely related- fields: the cognitive, the formal, and the functional one.[2] Therefore, its aim is to highlight the way in which the organization (taxis) of the cognitive, formal, and functional structure of a sentence expresses its meaning through a series of diverse semiotic flows (semeiotikos). It adopts an eclectic perspective with respect to the functionalist (or communicative) and the formalist (or syntactocentric) grammatical models.[1]

Planes and levels[edit]

On the other hand, the production of the sentence message in SS is explained by means of the transition between two general Planes[3] made up, in turn, of a series of levels:

(a) Epienunciative Plane: (more cognitive than linguistic) the germ ideas of the message are generated here, so it presents a cognitive structure with certain linguistic features. It consists of the epistemic and logical-linguistic levels.

(b) Enunciative Plane: (more linguistic than cognitive) it is the actual linguistic manifestation of the message and, consequently, it is characterized by having a structure of a formal and functional nature at the same time. It is composed of lexical-semantic, morphosyntactic, morpho-functional, pragmatic, and phonetic levels.

Ternary structure: algorithm, equations and 'computational thought'[edit]

The ultimate aim of SS is to find a pattern common to all sentences of any language based on a ternary structure (different from the binary one of Subject and Predicate typical of Traditional Grammar and later taken up by Generative Grammar as NP + VP) that allows us to perceive the fundamental unity of all languages insofar as they are a product of human thought. Therefore, the whole theoretical apparatus and the analyses of SS are oriented towards the formulation of the sentence algorithm and its universal equation.[4] The term Semiotax (or Sentence Semiotax) has been introduced in English by an article on the development of several sentence equations useful for Natural Language Processing leading not only to the definition, but also to the algebraic expression of the so-called 'computational thought' (or 'coneme').[5] In this way, the SS attempts to prove that the linguistic laws that rule every sentence play a crucial role both in understanding human intelligence and in being able to generate it by using artificial methods.[6]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 López Quintana, Francisco José & Gloria López Ramos (2021). Fundamentos de la Semiotaxis: el algoritmo de la oración en Inteligencia Artificial (in Spanish). Letrame Editorial: Madrid, p. 19. ISBN 978-84-1386-233-0. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link) CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  2. López Quintana, Francisco José & Gloria López Ramos (2021). Fundamentos de la Semiotaxis: el algoritmo de la oración en Inteligencia Artificial (in Spanish). Letrame Editorial: Madrid, p. 133. ISBN 978-84-1386-233-0. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link) CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  3. López Quintana, Francisco José & Gloria López Ramos (2021). Fundamentos de la Semiotaxis: el algoritmo de la oración en Inteligencia Artificial (in Spanish). Letrame Editorial: Madrid, p. 131. ISBN 978-84-1386-233-0. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link) CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  4. López Quintana, Francisco José & Gloria López Ramos (2021). Fundamentos de la Semiotaxis: el algoritmo de la oración en Inteligencia Artificial (in Spanish). Letrame Editorial: Madrid, pp. 241-246. ISBN 978-84-1386-233-0. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link) CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  5. López Quintana, Francisco José (2022). "Semiotax: equational models for the linguistic sentence and the 'computational thought'". HAL-03639891v4.
  6. López Quintana, Francisco José & Gloria López Ramos (2021). Fundamentos de la Semiotaxis: el algoritmo de la oración en Inteligencia Artificial (in Spanish). Letrame Editorial: Madrid, p. 280. ISBN 978-84-1386-233-0. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: Date and year (link) CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)

Bibliography[edit]

  • López Quintana, Francisco José & Gloria López Ramos (2021). Fundamentos de la Semiotaxis: el algoritmo de la oración en Inteligencia Artificial. Madrid: Letrame Editorial. ISBN 978-84-1386-233-0.
  • López Quintana, Francisco José (2022). "Semiotax: equational models for the linguistic sentence and the ‘computational thought’". HAL-03639891v4. https://doi.org/10.17613/1c5y-g940.