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Tetralogy

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A tetralogy (from Greek τετρα- tetra-, "four" and -λογία -logia, "discourse"), also known as a quartet or quadrilogy, is a compound work that is made up of four distinct works. The name comes from the Attic theater, in which a tetralogy was a group of three tragedies followed by a satyr play, all by one author, to be played in one sitting at the Dionysia as part of a competition.[1]

Examples[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Tetrateuch is a sometime name for the first four books of the Bible.[2]
  • Tintitives by Antiphon of Rhamnus; the author was an orator, and Tintitives is a kind of textbook for students. Each book consists of four speeches: the prosecutor's opening speech, the first speech for the defense, the prosecutor's reply, and the defendant's conclusion. Three of his tetralogies are known to have survived.[3]
  • The traditional arrangement of the works of Plato into nine tetralogies, including some doubtful works, and the letters as a single work.
  • The Henriad, two tetralogies of history plays of William Shakespeare.
  • Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner[4]
  • Alexandria Quartet by Lawrence Durrell.
  • The Buru Quartet by Pramoedya Ananta Toer
  • The Sea of Fertility by Yukio Mishima
  • The Once and Future King By T.H. White
  • The Ware Tetralogy by Rudy Rucker
  • The Book of the New Sun by Gene Wolfe
  • The History of the Runestaff by Michael Moorcock
  • Rabbit Angstrom: A Tetralogy by John Updike, comprising Rabbit, Run, Rabbit Redux, Rabbit is Rich and Rabbit at Rest
  • Parade's End (1924-1928) by Ford Madox Ford
  • Lonesome Dove series by Larry McMurtry
  • The Giver Quartet by Lois Lowry

Films[edit]

  • Alien (1979, 1986, 1992, 1997)
  • Alvin and the Chipmunks (2007, 2009, 2011, 2015)
  • The Avengers (2012, 2015, 2018, 2019)
  • Batman (1989, 1992, 1995, 1997)
  • The Crow (1994, 1996, 2000, 2005)
  • Hotel Transylvania (2012, 2015, 2018, 2021)
  • The Hunger Games (2012, 2013, 2014, 2015)
  • Indiana Jones (1981, 1984, 1989, 2008)
  • Insidious (2010, 2013, 2015, 2018)
  • Ip Man (2008, 2010, 2015, 2019)
  • Jaws (1975, 1978, 1983, 1987)
  • John Wick (2014, 2017, 2019, 2022)
  • Mad Max (1979, 1981, 1985, 2015)
  • The Matrix (1999, 2003, 2003, 2022)
  • Men in Black (1997, 2002, 2012, 2019)
  • MonsterVerse (2014, 2017, 2019, 2020)
  • Predator (1987, 1991, 2010, 2018)
  • Rebuild of Evangelion (2007, 2009, 2012, 2021)
  • REC (2007, 2009, 2012, 2014)
  • Shrek (2001, 2004, 2007, 2010)
  • Spy Kids (2001, 2002, 2003, 2011)
  • Thor (2011, 2013, 2017, 2022)
  • Toy Story (1995, 1999, 2010, 2019)

Video games[edit]

  • Dead Rising (2006, 2010, 2013, 2016)
  • Metroid Prime (2002, 2004, 2007, TBA)
  • Saints Row (2006, 2008, 2011, 2013)
  • Sly Cooper (2002, 2004, 2005, 2013)
  • Mega Man Zero (2002, 2003, 2004, 2005)
  • Nicktoons Unite! (2005, 2006, 2007, 2008)
  • Uncharted (2007, 2009, 2011, 2016)

Other information[edit]

In the early modern period of literature, Shakespeare drafted a pair of tetralogies, the first consisting of the three Henry VI plays and Richard III, and the second, what we now call a prequel because it is set earlier, consisting of Richard II, the two Henry IV plays, and Henry V.[5]

As an alternative to "tetralogy", "quartet" is sometimes used, particularly for series of four books. The term "quadrilogy", using the Latin prefix quadri- instead of the Greek, and first recorded in 1865,[6] has also been used for marketing the Alien movies.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Rush Rehm. Greek Tragic Theater. Routledge, 1994, p. 16.
  2. Petersen, David L. (1995). "The Formation of the Pentateuch". In Mays, James Luther; Petersen, David; Richards, Kent H. Old Testament Interpretation: Past, Present And Future. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 36. ISBN 9780567476906. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. C. M. Bowra. Landmarks in Greek Literature. Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1966, pp. 236–7.
  4. Hans von Wolzogen. Guide to the music of Richard Wagner's tetralogy: The ring of the Nibelung. A thematic key. Translated by Nathan Haskell Dole. G. Schirmer, New York, 1895.
  5. Victor L. Cahn. Shakespeare the playwright: a companion to the complete tragedies, histories, comedies, and romances. Greenwood, 1991.
  6. Simpson, J.A., and Weiner, E.S.C. (eds.) The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Oxford. Clarendon Press. "quadri-"


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