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Yisroel Zev Mintzberg

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Yisroel Zev Mintzberg
Personal
BornSeptember 17, 1872
Turobin, Poland
DiedMarch 23, 1962(1962-03-23) (aged 89)
Jerusalem
ReligionJudaism
NationalityIsraeli

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Israel Zeev Mintzberg ([September 17, 1872 – March 23, 1962) was a rabbi and judge in the city of Jerusalem. He headed the Hasidic court in the city, and was author of the book She'rit Israel. In the years before the founding of the state he served as the Ashkenazi rabbi of the Old City until its fall in the War of Independence of Israel.

Biography[edit]

Mintzberg was born in the town of Turobin, Poland to his parents Moshe Zvi and Golda (nee Winterov) Mintzberg. When Mintzberg was five years old, his father immigrated to Israel to evade conscription to the Polish army. A year later, Mintzberg immigrated to Israel with the rest of his family. He studied at the Chassidic Yeshiva of Jerusalem and married Esther Gitl Bergman.

Later in his life, he served as Av Beit Din of the Hasidic Tribunal in Jerusalem, founded by Rabbi Shneur Zalman Fradkin, author of the Toras Chessed book, from 1922 to 1931, and later also served as judge in the ultra-Orthodox community, Edah HaChareidis. In 1920, in founding the Jerusalem Histadrut, Rabbi Mintzberg was elected to its management, and later assisted Rabbi David Weingarten to build an orphanage and helped him financially.[1]

The surrender of the Old City of Jerusalem[edit]

On May 28, 1948, because of the number of wounded among the forces of the Jewish Quarter and its residents, the command of the Haganah, authorized Rabbi Mintzberg and Rabbi Ben-Zion Hazan to go to the Arab Legion headquarters and conclude with them a respite for the evacuation of dead and wounded. The Legion commander Abdullah al-Tel refused and demanded surrender. The headquarters of the Quarter, contrary to the decision of the Haganah Staff, chose to surrender.[2]

Later, Rabbi Yisrael Zeev Mintzberg told in a newspaper interview about his memories of submission:

We volunteered - Rabbi Ben Zion Hazan, Chairman of the Porat Yosef Yeshiva, and myself - to come out with a white flag to the Arab territory. When we reached the extreme position, near batey machaseh, the soldiers of the defense were not allowed to pass. We went back to the commander, and he went with us, and then we left to the promiscuous area. We waved the white flag several times, but the shots didn't stop. Rabbi Ben-Zion Hazan knew Arabic well. He shouted at them, until they heard and stopped firing. Two legionaries came and led us down the legion's military. We phoned Abdullah Tal, the commander of the Arabs, and he arrived immediately. Rabbi Ben-Zion Hazan told me in a whisper that he heard him tell his officers that the Arab gangs that fought near the Nablus Gate are adamant about the demand to slaughter everyone. Tall himself disagreed. After talking to the officers, he contacted us, and politely discussed the situation and was interested in knowing where the military was. Rabbi Ben-Zion Hazan recognized many of the Legion's officers who, during the events, came as British soldiers to the Porat Yosef building to protect him from the Arabs.

— - The Newspaper Davar, July 14, 1967

Published works[edit]

  • She'rit Israel (Remnant of Israel) – Q&A over the years in the four parts of the Shulchan Aruch
  • This is the constitution of the Torah – women's suffrage over the Torah
  • Agunah Permit – Continuation of the Torah Constitution, which deals with a woman's loyalty to testify about her husband's death
  • Settling the Land of Israel – The Law of the Land of Israel at this time
  • Shmita Fruit – In the matter of the law, the Shmita fruit which has been crafted is allowed to eat.

References[edit]

  1. Rotenberg, Hillel (2010). Head of the Mintzberg Family in Palestine. pp. 225–248. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  2. Liron, Aaron (1978). Ancient Jerusalem in Siege and Battle (3 ed.). Ministry of Defense Publishing. pp. 451–459. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png

External links[edit]


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