You Know Me movement
The 'You Know Me' movement is an example of the MeToo effect and a response the successful 2019 passage of the United States fetal heartbeat bills in five states in the United States, most notably the passing of anti-abortion laws in Georgia (House Bill 381) , Ohio (House Bill 68) and Alabama (House Bill 314) .
Background and origin[edit | edit source]
1970-2014[edit | edit source]
While 2015 is acknowledged as the start of #ShoutYourAbortion and 2019 as the start of #YouKnowMe, the efforts of Sue Perlgut and other second-wave feminists who suggested that women confess their abortions publicly provides historic precedent from the 1970s.
In 1971 in France, 343 filmmakers, writers, actresses, singers and philosophers confessed their illegal abortions publicly, in order to demand freedom to have an abortion, in the 'Manifesto of the 343', published by magazine Nouvel Observateur.
In 1973, the manifesto was the inspiration for a 1973 manifesto by 331 doctors declaring their support for abortion rights.
Within less than 4 years of the manifesto’s publication, French Health Minister Simone Veil presented a law on November 26, 1974, to the National Assembly that would legalize abortion. France legalized abortion in Law 75-17 of 18 January 1975, which permitted a woman to receive an abortion on request until the tenth week of pregnancy. After a trial period, Law 75-17 was adopted permanently in December 1979.
Since 1990, Whoopi Goldberg (1991), Lil' Kim (2000), Sharon Osbourne (2004), Joan Collins (2010), Chelsea Handler (2012), Sherri Shepherd (2012), Nicki Minaj (2014) and Gloria Steinem (2015) are some notable women in the public eye who discussed their abortions in order to help end stigma.
2015: #ShoutYourAbortion[edit | edit source]
In the wake of the The House of Representatives' vote to defund Planned Parenthood, Lindy West, Amelia Bonow and Kimberly Morrison launched #ShoutYourAbortion to 'remind supporters and critics alike abortion is a legal right to anyone who wants or needs it'. The women encouraged other women to share positive abortion experiences online using the hashtag #ShoutYourAbortion in order to “denounce the stigma surrounding abortion.”
2019 build-up to the You Know Me movement[edit | edit source]
On March 1, 2019, artist and activist Rose McGowan spoke out about her abortion and asked for a public debate about abortion using the hashtag #HonestAbortion, in a reply to a tweet that stated "1 in 4 women has an abortion by age 45. 60% are already mothers". 
- The statistic is 1 in 4 women will have an abortion before age 45, and that statistic sometimes surprises people, and maybe you're sitting there thinking: I don't know a woman who had an abortion. Well, you know me. I had an abortion when I was fifteen years old.
#YouKnowMe[edit | edit source]
On May 15, 2019, actress Busy Philipps encouraged women on Twitter to share their abortion stories, in the wake of the proposed Alabama abortion ban. Phillips said she was encouraged to share the hashtag by Tina Fey, as it "makes it very personal". As a result of Philipps’ tweet, women both in the United States as well as outside, replied with their abortion stories, many of them using the hashtag #youknowme on social media. Within 24 hours, nearly 50,000 people had liked or shared Philipps' tweet, and almost 2,000 users had replied to it.
'You Know Me' has been identified and referred to as a viral social media campaign and movement. The movement has gained international media coverage outside the USA, for instance in Germany, Italy, France, The Netherlands and South Korea.
Notably, actresses Jameela Jamil, Rosanna Arquette and Ashley Judd used the #youknowme hashtag. Women in the public eye who shared abortion stories after Philipps' tweet include activist Nelini Stamp, actresses Cynthia Nixon, Keke Palmer, Milla Jovovich and Rosanna Arquette. 
On Tuesday, May 22, 2019, thousands of people across the US marched in abortion rights '#StopTheBans' protests against the 2019 wave of anti-abortion legislation in some states in America. Several politicians, including Pete Buttigieg, Amy Klobuchar, Kirsten Gillibrand and Cory Booker participated in these demonstrations. California Rep. Jackie Speier spoke about her abortion at a protest in Washington DC, while referring to the 'You Know Me' movement's phrase:
- You know me, I am one of the 1 in 4 women who has had an abortion in this country. ... I am not ashamed.
On May 23, 2019, the American Civil Liberties Union launched an ad campaign narrated by Busy Philipps, which featured the #YouKnowMe hashtag and encouraged people to speak out against abortion bans. 
Criticism[edit | edit source]
Madeline Fry (Washington Examiner) argued that the 'heartbreaking' stories within the #YouKnowMe hashtag 'didn't justify the pro-abortion cause', remarking however that the movement was 'less shameless' than '#ShoutYourAbortion, the repulsive no-regrets movement'.
Gallery[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
- Abortion in the United States by state
- Hashtag activism
- Me Too movement
- List of songs about abortion
- List of celebrities who have had an abortion
- Manifesto of the 343
References[edit | edit source]
- "2019-2020 Regular Session - HB 481". legis.ga.gov. Georgia General Assembly. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- Fink, Jenni (18 March 2019). "GEORGIA SENATOR: ANTI-ABORTION BILL 'NATIONAL STUNT' IN RACE TO BE CONSERVATIVE STATE TO GET ROE V. WADE OVERTURNED". Newsweek. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- Prabhu, Maya (29 March 2019). "Georgia's anti-abortion 'heartbeat bill' heads to governor's desk". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 1 April 2019.
- Mazzei, Patricia; Blinder, Alan (May 7, 2019). "Georgia Governor Signs 'Fetal Heartbeat' Abortion Law". New York Times. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
- Kaplan, Talia (14 March 2019). "Ohio 'heartbeat' abortion ban passes Senate as governor vows to sign it". Fox News. Retrieved 19 March 2019.
- Frazin, Rachel (2019-04-10). "Ohio legislature sends 'heartbeat' abortion bill to governor's desk". The Hill. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
- Haynes, Danielle (2019-04-11). "Ohio Gov. DeWine signs 'heartbeat' abortion bill". UPI. Retrieved 2019-04-13.
- "Alabama HB314 | 2019 | Regular Session". LegiScan. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Williams, Timothy; Blinder, Alan (2019-05-14). "Alabama Lawmakers Vote to Effectively Ban Abortion in the State". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Ivey, Governor Kay (2019-05-15). "Today, I signed into law the Alabama Human Life Protection Act. To the bill's many supporters, this legislation stands as a powerful testament to Alabamians' deeply held belief that every life is precious & that every life is a sacred gift from God". @GovernorKayIvey. Retrieved 2019-05-15.
- Baumgardner, Jennifer (2008). Abortion & Life. Akashic.
- "Manifesto of the 343 (translated into English), with signatures". Web.archive.org. 1971-04-05. Archived from the original on 2016-06-11. Retrieved 2016-06-11.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
- Michelle Zancarini-Fournel, « Histoire(s) du MLAC (1973-1975) », Clio, numéro 18-2003, Mixité et coéducation, [En ligne], mis en ligne le 04 décembre 2006. URL : http://clio.revues.org/index624.html. Consulté le 19 décembre 2008.
- "France". Abortion Policies: A Global Review (DOC). United Nations Population Division. 2002. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- Boring, Nicolas (January 2015). Abortion Legislation in Europe: France (Report). The Law Library of Congress, Global Legal Research Center. p. 13. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- "23 Celebrities Who Have Shared Their Abortion Stories to Help End the Stigma". May 21, 2019. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019.
- "The Mask of Lil' Kim". September 3, 2000. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- "Nicki Minaj Is Hip-Hop's Killer Diva: Inside Rolling Stone's New Issue". December 30, 2014. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- "Women Share Their Stories With #ShoutYourAbortion To Support Pro-Choice". September 22, 2015. Archived from the original on May 16, 2019.
- Klabusich, Katie (25 September 2015). "Frisky Rant: Actually, I Love Abortion". The Frisky. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- Fishwick, Carmen (9 October 2015). "Why we need to talk about abortion: eight women share their experiences". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 October 2015.
- Koza, Neo (23 September 2015). "#ShoutYourAbortion activists won't be silenced". EWN Eyewitness News. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
- "Amanda Palmer Addresses Abortion on New Single, "Voicemail for Jill"". February 20, 2019. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019.
- "No, I Am Not Crowdfunding This Baby (an open letter to a worried fan)". August 26, 2015. Archived from the original on February 21, 2019.
- "Amanda Palmer Addresses Abortion on New Single, "Voicemail for Jill"". March 2, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- "Amanda Palmer returns with a politically charged 'stand-up show about abortion'". May 10, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- Singh, Olivia (May 16, 2019). "Thousands of women are sharing their abortion stories with the #YouKnowMe movement". Business Insider. Retrieved May 21, 2019.
- "How 'You Know Me' became #YouKnowMe". May 15, 2019. Archived from the original on May 16, 2019.
- "Busy Philipps starts 'You Know Me' hashtag for women to share abortion stories — and it quickly goes viral". May 15, 2019. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019.
- "#youknowme: women mobilize against U.S. abortion crackdown". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019.
- "#YouKnowMe: why women are sharing their abortion stories". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019.
- ""A real life version of The Handmaid's Tale": Why everyone is talking about US abortion laws". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019.
- "#youknowme - women mobilise against U.S. abortion crackdown". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019.
- "#youknowme: Frauen teilen aus Protest ihre Abtreibungs-Geschichten auf Twitter". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- "Youknowme: da Lady Gaga ad Emma Watson, le star e la campagna per il diritto all'aborto". May 17, 2019. Archived from the original on May 24, 2019.
- "#YouKnowMe : des femmes témoignent pour défendre le droit à l'avortement". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- "#YouKnowMe: vrouwen staan op tegen strenge abortuswet". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
- "낙태 경험 고백 '유노미(#YouKnowMe) 운동' 확산". May 19, 2019. Archived from the original on May 24, 2019.
- "Busy Philipps asks women to share abortion stories in response to recent bills". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019.
- "#Youknowme: Celebrities and ordinary women mobilise against US abortion crackdown". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 21, 2019.
- "Rosanna Arquette Talks Having A Couple Abortions As More Celebrities Come Forward With Their Stories". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 17, 2019.
- "Thousands Of Women Across The US Marched To Protest Abortion Bans". May 21, 2019. Archived from the original on May 22, 2019.
- "ACLU, Busy Philipps Take on Abortion Bans With #YouKnowMe Ad Campaign". May 23, 2019. Archived from the original on May 23, 2019.
- "How 'Women shouldn't have to tell abortion stories to remind lawmakers they're human". May 18, 2019. Archived from the original on May 18, 2019.
- "#YouKnowMe at least isn't #ShoutYourAbortion, but it still leaves out the other life involved". May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 19, 2019.
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