-abad

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-abad is a suffix that forms part of many west, central and south Asian city names originally derived from the Persian language term ābād (آباد), meaning "cultivated place" (village, city, region), and commonly attached to the name of the city's founder or patron.

In the Indian subcontinent, -abads are the legacies of Persianized Muslim rulers such as the Mughals.

The suffix is most common in Iran, which contains thousands of -abads, most of them small villages. Markazi Province alone contained 44 Hoseynabads, 31 Aliabads, 23 Hajjiabads, 22 Hasanabads, and so on.[1]

Countries with place names having the suffix -abad or its variants

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Selected number of -abads[edit]

Place Country Named after
Abbottabad  Pakistan James Abbott
Agrabad  Bangladesh
Ahmedabad  India Muzaffarid sultan Ahmed Shah
Akçaabat  Turkey Turkic Akça, "coin"
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan Arsaces I
Aurangabad  India Aurangzeb
Dzhafarabad  Azerbaijan
Faisalabad (also known as Lyallpur)  Pakistan King Faisal of Saudi Arabia
Faizabad  India Shia Nawabs of Awadh
Faridabad  India Sufi saint Sheikh Farid
Firozabad  India Firoz Shah Mansab Dar
Fyzabad  Trinidad and Tobago Faizabad, India
Ghaziabad  India Wazir Ghazi-ud-din
Hafizabad  Pakistan Hafiz, subject of Mughal Emperor Akbar
Hyderabad  India Ali who was known as Haydar
Hyderabad  Pakistan Ali who was known as Haydar
Islamabad  Pakistan Islam
Jacobabad  Pakistan John Jacob
Jalalabad  Bangladesh
Jalalabad  Afghanistan Pir Jalala
Jalal-Abad  Kyrgyzstan
Jamesabad  Pakistan H.E.M. James
Jamesabad (present-day Kot Ghulam Muhammad)  Pakistan Sir James Outram, 1st Baronet
Jamesabad (present-day Samaro)  Pakistan
Khorramabad  Iran Persian Khorram, "beautiful"
Leninabad (present-day Khujand)  Tajikistan Vladimir Lenin
Muzaffarabad  Pakistan Sultan Muzaffar Khan
Ordubad  Azerbaijan Turkic ordu, "army"
Roshnabad  Bangladesh Persian roshan, "bright"
Sabirabad  Azerbaijan Mirza Alakbar Sabir
Sadiqabad  Pakistan Urdu sadeq, "honest"
Sardarabad (present-day Armavir)  Armenia
Salmabad  Bahrain Arabic Salm, "peace"
Secunderabad  India Nizam Sikandar Jah
Shirabad  Uzbekistan Persian Shir, "Lion"
Stalinabad (present-day Dushanbe)  Tajikistan Joseph Stalin
Türkmenabat  Turkmenistan Turkmens
Vagharshapat  Armenia Vologases I of Armenia[citation needed]
Zafarobod  Tajikistan Persian Zafar, "victory"

Common -abad names[edit]

Multiple places by the same name:

  • Abbasabad
  • Ahmadabad
  • Akbarabad
  • Aliabad
  • Allahabad
  • Aurangabad
  • Faizabad
  • Hajjiabad
  • Hoseynabad
  • Hyderabad
  • Jahanabad
  • Kawsarabad
  • Khorramabad
  • Nizamabad
  • Rezaabad
  • Sahibabad
  • Shahabad
  • Sikandarabad

See also[edit]

  • -stan
  • -land
  • -pur
  • Ganj (disambiguation)
  • -desh
  • -tania
  • -patnam

References[edit]

  1. Richard Bulliet (2013). Cotton, climate, and camels in early Islamic Iran: a moment in world history. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231519878. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png



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