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Alliance School Kermanshah

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Alliance school, Kermanshah was a Jewish school in the western Iranian city of Kermanshah, founded by the Alliance Israélite Universelle.[1][2] It provided education up to 18 years old and had two annexes; one for girls and one for boys.[3]

The Alliance Israélite Universelle was founded in Paris in 1860.[4] In April 1898, the first Alliance school opened in Tehran.[4] Several years later, in 1904, an Alliance school was founded in Kermanshah as well.[1] It provided modern education to the Jewish citizens of Kermanshah.[1] In 1977, the school had 314 students of which 171 were Jews.[4]

Elyahou Raḥamim Pirnazar (1898–1988) enrolled into the school in 1904. He became "one of the early licensed Iranian Jewish attorneys practicing in Iran".[1]

In Reza Shah's era (1878 – 1944), Alliance schools became non-governmental and went under the control of Iran's Ministry of Education. These Schools changed name from Alliance to Etehad. [5][6] When 1979 Iranian revolution occurred, Alliance schools (Etehad) could not continue any more.[7]



  • Cohen, Avraham (1986). "Iranian Jewry and the Educational Endeavors of the Alliance Israélite Universelle". Jewish Social Studies. Indiana University Press. 48 (1): 15–44.
  • Netzer, A. (1985). "ALLIANCE ISRAÉLITE UNIVERSELLE". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. I, Fasc. 8. pp. 893–895.
  • Pirnazar, Nahid (2017). "KERMANSHAH viii. THE JEWISH COMMUNITY". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XVI, Fasc. 3. pp. 329–330.

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