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Amiria Press

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One of the 25 of January marches passing before the Amiria Press Authority in Imbaba.

The Amiria Press (Arabic: المطابع الأميرية‎ or Arabic: المطبعة الأميرية‎) (also known as the Bulaq Press due to its original location in Bulaq) is one of the main agencies with which Muhammad Ali Pasha modernized Egypt.[1][2]


A lithography stamp at the Bulaq Press.
Wooden letter blocks used at the Bulaq Press in 1820.

The Amiria Press was established in 1820 and opened officially during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha in 1821. At first, it published military books for the Egyptian army, but it soon developed and started to print literary books, science books, and textbooks.[3] It was also Cairo's most active and important Turkish-language press.[4]


In October of 1862, Muhammad Sa'id Pasha gave the press to Abdurrahman Bik Rushdi. It was then purchased by Isma'il Pasha who added it to the Da'ira Sunnia (الدائرة السنية), or the royal possessions. The Amiria Press returned to the possession of the state in 1880, during the reign of Tewfik Pasha.

On August 13, 1956, Gamal Abdel Nasser passed Law 312 of 1956 ordering the establishment of the Amiria Press Authority under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Trade & Industry. The first meeting of its administration—headed by the Ministry of Trade and Industry's administrator at the time, Aziz Sedky—was held on September 1, 1956. The ministry later decided to build a new 35,000 m2 building for the Amiria Press Authority, and equip it with state-of-the-art printing technology to spread its messages.

The Amiria Press Authority officially began operations at its new location on July 28, 1973 during the Sadat administration under Ibrahim Salem Muhammadin, Minister of Trade and Industry at the time.

Publications of the Amiria Press Authority[edit]

  • The Official Journal: the official state-run newspaper, published every Thursday
  • Al-Waqa'i' al-Masriyya (Egyptian Affairs): the oldest newspaper in Egypt, published as an appendix of the Official Journal and published daily except Fridays and holidays
  • Other publications—government publications, legal books, calendars, and the Sherif Quranic Press


Official Website[edit]

See Also[edit]

Early Arabic Printing

Other articles of the topic Egypt : Egyptian Space Agency, Vote for pimp, Shaghaf, Ahmed M. Ibrahim, Air Italy Egypt, Moustafa Nouraldeen, Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo

Other articles of the topic Middle East : Syrian territories
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  1. "The Bulaq Press". www.bibalex.org. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  2. Verdery, Richard N. (1971). "Brief Communications: The Publications of the Bulaq Press Under Muhammad Ali of Egypt" (PDF). Journal of the American Oriental Society. 91.1: 129 – via www.ghazali.org.
  3. "The Bulaq Press". www.bibalex.org. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  4. Ihsanoglu, Ekmeleddin (2012). The Turks in Egypt and their Cultural Legacy. Translated by Davies, Humphrey. American University in Cairo Press. ISBN 9789774163975. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png

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