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Arūpa (Devanagari: अरूप) means formless.[1][2] It is the antonym for rūpa, and refers to immaterial (non-matter) existence/objects. In Hinduism it describes Atman/Brahman, etc., and is used in mind-only school & dualist but not necessarily materialist Buddhism.


Ether (akasha in Sanskrit) is somewhat arūpa, while classical elements are more rupa.[3]


  1. Learn Sanskrit. Arupa. Accessed 2022.
  2. Spoken Sanskrit. Arupa. Accessed 2012.
  3. Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Arūpa-loka. Accessed 2008.

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