Basketball IQ, also known as Basketball Intelligence, is a widely used term by coaches, players, fans and journalists to denote that a Player or a Team makes frequently smart decisions during the course of a basketball game. Notable basketball players with high Basketball IQ are Lebron James, Magic Johnson, Larry Bird, Michael Jordan and Kobe Bryant. Basketball IQ is an attribute that does not show up on a basketball boxscore sheet or to any advance statistic category.
Player Basketball IQ
High basketball IQ decisions can lead to an increase of Field Goal Percentage, hence they can increase the probability of win (field goal percentage is the major factor for a win, according to statistician Dean Oliver). Basketball IQ can consist of multiple skills in order a player to recognize known basketball play situations, or to effectively adjust to newly situations.
Players characterized with high Basketball IQ can have skills such as scoring and passing with multiple ways, understanding game’s time and score (Jason Kidd), recognizing abilities of teammates and disadvantages of opponents, and to know where each player is in the court (spatial intelligence). As Mike Fratello would put it, “seeing stuff better, understanding what people are trying to do. We’re making the right passes, the right decisions” . It can be considered as ‘understanding what’s going to happen on the game before everybody else does’.
Similar to criticism of IQ, aforementioned approaches of Basketball IQ may examine only some limited areas of basketball intelligence while neglecting others.
Team Basketball IQ
A team’s basketball IQ is in correlation with the IQ of its players. A smart team can consist of smart players choosing to take ‘a high percentage shot over a low one’. Or a smart team can consist of only 1 or 2 smart players who are dominating the decisions (shots, passing, play calls) in most of Team’s basketball possessions (see Lebron James at Cleveland Cavaliers era). Notable teams for its intelligence is San Antonio Spurs, particularly their 2002-2013 seasons (NBA record for most consecutive playoff appearances with 22).
There is no standardization for quantifying a Team’s Basketball IQ. Such a quantification would dictate an objective algorithm for analyzing numerous possible situations and variations. Though, a subjective metric exists and has been proposed via manually tagging each basketball play of a game.
- Efficiency (basketball)
- Player efficiency rating
- Performance Index Rating
- Norof, Ethan (July 25, 2011). "Top 100 All-Time Smartest Players in NBA History". www.bleacherreport.com/. Archived from the original on August 10, 2018. Unknown parameter
- Oliver, Dean (April 11, 2020). "Four Factors". www.basketball-reference.com. Archived from the original on April 9, 2020. Unknown parameter
- Rohlin, Melissa (Mar 27, 2020). "Inside The Mind Of LeBron James: An Exclusive Look At his Basketball IQ". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved April 11, 2020.
Basketball IQ entails understanding time and score, understanding your opponent, understanding your teammates and understanding yourself (Lakers' assistant coach Jason Kidd).Unknown parameter
- Leonard, David (June 8, 2016). "'Basketball IQ' and the racial coding of the word". www.theundefeated.com/. Archived from the original on April 8, 2020. Unknown parameter
- Alamar, Ben (November 14, 2018). "The Quest to Measure Basketball IQ". sloanreview.mit.edu/. Archived from the original on October 8, 2019. Unknown parameter
- Montieth, Mark (December 14, 2013). "Q and A with Larry Bird". nba.com. Archived from the original on December 14, 2019.
But if somebody messed up, everybody on the bench knew who it was. But we had smart players. That team was smart. They were off-the-charts with basketball IQ(Larry Bird).Unknown parameter
- Jochnau, Garrett (November 26, 2013). "5 Reasons the San Antonio Spurs Are So Good Again". bleacherreport.com. Archived from the original on September 1, 2017. Unknown parameter
- Oliver, Dean (2004). Basketball on Paper: Rules and Tools for Performance Analysis. University of Nebraska Press. p. 68. ISBN 978-1574886887.
Number of Plays =FGA + FTA * 0,44 + TurnoversSearch this book on
- Georgiadis, Polis (21 December 2019). "Team Offensive Decision Making IQ". Archived from the original on April 12, 2020
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