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Bernard Le Grelle

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Bernard Le Grelle
Comte Bernard Le Grelle.jpg Comte Bernard Le Grelle.jpg
Count Bernard Antoine Marie Paul Ghislain Le Grelle
BornJuly 7, 1948
Aalst, Belgium
🏳️ NationalityBelgian
🏫 Education
  • Our Lady College (Antwerp)
  • St.Andrew's Abbey (Bruges)
  • Saint-Louis University, Brussels
  • Catholic University of Louvain (UCL)
  • Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism
💼 Occupation
Investigation journalist, political consultant.
👪 Relatives
  • Joseph J. Le Grelle (4x great-grandfather)
  • Gérard Le Grelle (3 x great-grandfather)
  • Monsignor Count Stanislas Le Grelle (great-granduncle)
  • Baron Romain Moyersoen [fr] (great-grandfather)
  • Ludovic Moyersoen [fr] (grand-uncle)
FamilyLe Grelle

Bernard le Grelle (born July 7, 1948) is a Belgian journalist, political adviser, writer, former United Nations expert and public affairs executive. He is known for his long term investigation on the JFK assassination. He is a member of the noble Le Grelle family.

Inheritance of a noble family[edit]

Family coat of arms

Le Grelle[edit]

Le Grelle was born in Aalst (Belgium) into the Le Grelle family, a wealthy family dating back into the XVIIth century, ennobled in 1794 by Francis II, the last Holy Roman Emperor. His direct ancestor, Joseph J. Le Grelle, founded the Joseph-J. Le Grelle bank in 1792 at the age of 27.[1] The Bank was minting its own currency.

His son, Count Gérard Le Grelle, the first Mayor of Antwerp, member of the National Congress and the Belgian House of Representatives, saved the Vatican from bankruptcy and received in 1852 the title of Roman Count from Pope Pie IX. By order of King Leopold I of Belgium the title of Belgian Count was registered and extended to all descendants in 1853. Le Grelle's grant-uncle Monsignor Count Stanislas Le Grelle (Antwerp 1874 - Rome 1957), friend of Eugenio Pacelli who was elected Pope in 1939 as Pius XII, Master of the House of the Pope and Papal Secret Chamberlain played an important role in the Vatican.[2]

Selsaeten Castle in Wommelgem (Belgium). The family sold the castle in 1951, but Le Grelle father's and cousin built houses on the 50 hectares estate.

Agie de Selsaeten[edit]

Le Grelle's grandmother belongs to the Agie de Selsaeten family [nl]. His ancestor, Pierre Agie (1757), came from France and launched in Antwerp a trading company, competing with the Dutch Compagnie des Indes. His son Charles (known as 'Charles le Chinois') went to China and become very influential at the Imperial Court in Beijing. He travelled all the way to Moscow and was the host of Alexander I the Tsar of Russia. Napoleon, while in Antwerp in February 1798, stayed in one of the Agie's houses. Charles and his son Gustave (1834–1909) were both Consuls of Russia in Antwerp.

Baron Romain Moyersoen (1870–1967), President of the Belgian Senate.


Le Grelle's maternal great-grandfather was Baron Romain Moyersoen [fr], a Belgian statesman, who was President of the Belgian Senate (1936–1939), Minister of Industry and Economy. After the liberation in 1944, he was asked to form the government by the regent, Prince Charles, but failed in his mission (Royal crisis). In 1946, Romain Moyersoen was appointed Minister of State. In his book Souvenirs politiques (1918–1951)[3], former Prime minister Count Henry Carton de Wiart wrote that in 1939 he told King Leopold III, that in those difficult times "the best man to lead the country would be Romain Moyersoen". According to the Belgian magazine Trends-Tendance: "He was without any doubts one of the most remarkable political figure of the first half of the XX century".[4] His son Ludovic Moyersoen [fr] (1904–1992) was Minister of Justice, Minister of the Interior, Minister of Defense and Member of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.[5]

Early life[edit]

Our Lady College in 1960 (Bernard Le Grelle is second from the right in the front row).

St Andrew's Abbey[edit]

After his primary studies in Our Lady College in Antwerp, Le Grelle was educated[6] in the boarding school of St.Andrew's Abbey (Bruges). The very strict Benedictine School, where King Philippe of Belgium studied, was reserved to the Belgian aristocracy and the political and business elite. Bernard Le Grelle won the Lions Club of Flanders Contest for his essay on the World Peace.[7]

From Antwerp to Kathmandu (August 1969).

Touring the world[edit]

Departure to Nepal (Bernard Le Grelle and Dominique Agie)

Bernard Le Grelle started his reporter and writer career while travelling. After a trip to Syria in 1968, which ended in a Turkish jail following a car accident with an army truck, he travelled 17.000 miles from Antwerp to Kathmandu (Nepal) along the Hippie trail. From the Khyber Pass to Agra, Le Grelle was on the trails of Jacqueline Kennedy's Pakistan, Indian journey 7 years earlier.[8][9] The expedition got press coverage on departure[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] and Le Grelle wrote a story for the Gazet van Antwerpen[17] and for the Dutch, French and German editions of "Bonne Route, Goede Reis" magazine and for the German magazine "Die Schnelle Information".


In 1969, le Grelle got a Bachelor degree at the Faculty of Economic, Social and Political Sciences (ESPO) from the Saint-Louis University, Brussels[18] and in 1973 a Master Degree in Social and Political Sciences from the Catholic University of Louvain (UCL).

First steps as a journalist[edit]

The 1974 class and JFK[edit]

In 1973, Le Grelle entered Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.[19] At this time, he began to focus on John Fitzgerald Kennedy, along with two of his classmates, Robert Pear and Zachary Sklar, who wrote with Oliver Stone the screenplay of the movie JFK.[20] JFK has influenced Le Grelle's since his early life, on November 23, 1963, deeply shocked by the President’s assassination, he wrote a letter to Jacqueline Kennedy and received the funeral card of the late President.[21] JFK has played since then a major role in his professional path.

From WCBS to the United Nations[edit]

In January 1974, Le Grelle was hired as a trainee reporter to work with Jim Jensen, the anchorman of WCBS Evening news. At that time, he realized the interview of the Special FBI Agent William F. Higgins, Jr.[22][23] Le Grelle attended with his classmate Paul Brown the UN reporting and writing class at the United Nations with Kathleen Teltsch of The New York Times and Mike Berlin of The New York Post covering the 28th General Assembly of September 1973 and the numerous Security Councils convened during the Yom Kippur War of October. For his master project[24], Le Grelle interviewed UN diplomats and Ambassadors (Alexander Yakovlev from the OPI radio and television unit and a KGB agent[25], John Scali, who played an important role in the Cuban missile crisis of 1962, Ambassador Louis de Guiringaud, Carlos_Ortiz_de_Rozas [es]), heads of States and governments (Mobutu Sese Seko).

Early career[edit]

Photo of Bernard Le Grelle with Edward Gerrity, ITT’s Vice President for Government Affair, Public Affairs, and worldwide Advertising and Harold Geneen, ITT’s President and CEO.

Le Grelle started in 1973 as a consultant of the United Nations Development Program Administrator on a field trip to Peru to work on urban developing projects. He worked at the ITT World Headquarters in New York on an analysis of the Anthony Sampson’s book The Sovereign State and worked for United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) in 1974.

Bernard Le Grelle, publisher of The Tobago News.

In 1975, Le Grelle became a field expert for UNESCO in Tobago. He founded The Tobago News, the first and only newspaper of the island of which he was the editor (1975) and publisher from 1975 to 1977.

In 1977, as deputy publisher of Le Nouvel Economiste in Paris, Le Grelle organized, on the model of Time magazine CEO's Business travels, an economic mission for twenty chairmen of French major companies, with a total turnover of 30 billion dollars and employing over half a million employees, including the banker Guy de Rothschild[26] to meet with the new Carter administration. They lobbied hard for Concorde landing rights in New York.[27][28][29][30][31][32][33]

The French delegation of 17 CEO's of France leading corporations during their meeting with Vice-Prime Minister Kang Shi'en.
The French Economic Mission with the Concorde, 1977

In 1978, he organized the first French economic mission to China since Mao Zedong and served as an intermediary between several governments, including South Korea, the Philippines, the United States and China, and major French industrial groups such as Bouygues, Framatome, Air Liquide, Air France, Accor, Essilor and Thomson.[34]

Bernard Le Grelle between Wang Yao-Ting President of the Chinese Council for International Trade and Francis Bouygues.

In 1980 Le Grelle organized a mission in Korea and the Philippines under the leadership of François Giscard d'Estaing special envoy of the French President. The visit had two outcomes: Framatome won the bid for two nuclear power plants[35][36] and Francis Bouygues the 1.7 billion contract to build the university of Riyadh.[37][38]

Bernard Le Grelle with Michel Rocard and Lee Huebner.

In 1982, with Lee Huebner[39], the publisher and CEO of the International Herald Tribune, he organized the meeting of 300 businessmen, bankers and diplomats from 35 countries with members of the French Socialist government including Pierre Mauroy, Prime minister, Michel Rocard and Laurent Fabius, Jacques Delors, Jacques Attali, representing President Mitterrand, trade union leaders, members of parliament and two panels of international bankers and industrialists. The conference was covered by 200 journalists from 21 countries, 17 radio stations and a pool of 19 televisions.[40][41][42][43][44][45]

In 1982 Le Grelle launched with Norman Pearlstine, The Wall Street Journal/Europe[46][47][48][49][50] and in 1984, Le Grelle launched with Al Neuharth the International edition in Europe of USA Today.[51][52][53][54]

Launching The Wall Street Journal Europe in 1982 with Norman Pearlstine and members of the Belgian government.

In 1986, he organized in Monaco an extraordinary Board of the American Newspaper Publishers Association (ANPA) in collaboration with Thomas Fichter ANPA’s Senior Vice-President, Allen Neurath (Ganett), Warren Phillips (Dow Jones), Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (New York Times) and Katherine Graham (Washington Post and Newsweek). At the request of Thomas Fichter to organize a major event around the Mediterranean, Le Grelle invited Vice-Admiral Edward Martin, Commander of the US Sixth Fleet based in Naples. The Vice-Admiral and General Bernard Rogers, NATO's Supreme Allied Commander came to Monaco for a conference aboard the aircraft carrier USS America which came especially with its supporting unit. The demonstration was considered as an opportunity for the White House to state its policy aims to the American press executives.[55][56][57]

The American space program[edit]

French Prime minister, Pierre Mauroy announcing the 1983 Air and Space Bicentennial during a press conference. Also on the podium, General Jacques Mitterrand, Minister of Transport, Charles Fiterman, astronaut Jean-Loup Chretien and astronaut Patrick Baudry.

Bernard le Grelle was appointed director of the National Air and Space Bicentennial Agency by the French Presidency in 1982.[58] In June 1982, he was approached by Larry Mihlon, a former member of President Kennedy's space team, to set up a similar organization in the United States and became a founding member of the US Bicentennial Committee. The United States Organizing Committee of the 1983 Air and Space Bicentennial Committee included Senator Charles Mathias[59][60], appointed Chairman, President Ronald Reagan, Honorary Chairman and Vice President George Bush, Honorary Vice-Chairman General Clifton von Kann (Director), President of the National Aeronautic Association, Anna Chennault, Senator John Glenn, Senator Barry Goldwater, Apollo 17 astronaut and Senator Harrison Schmitt, Scott Crossfield, Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins and Walter J. Boyne, Acting Director of the National Air and Space Museum. On July 12, 1982 Senator Mathias introduced S.J.Res.270, a joint Congressional resolution to designate 1983 as the Bicentennial of Air and Space Flight.[61] On January 3, 1983, President Ronald Reagan signed the Official Proclamation to designate the year beginning January 1, 1983 as the Bicentennial of Air and Space Flight, which became Public Law (No: 97-413).[62][63] On November 9, 1982, Mathias, Mihlon and Le Grelle did organize a ceremony in the Senate caucus room in the Russell Senate Office Building to launch the Bicentennial Year. The event televised life, hosted by Vice President Bush included a taped message from President Reagan[64]

On February 7, 1983 a White House ceremony commemorating the Bicentennial Year of Air and Space Flight was held. The President spoke to a group of leading figures in aviation, government, diplomacy, the military, and business.[65][66]

Senator Mathias with Bernard Le Grelle in the Paris Bicentennial Headquarters in December 1982.

In December 1982, Senator Mathias suggested to have a Space Shuttle at the 1983 Paris Air Show.[67] The space shuttle Enterprise prototype was flown, in June 1983, atop the 747 Shuttle Carrier Aircraft (SCA) during the 35th Paris International Air and Space Show.[68]

In December 1982, Mihlon and Le Grelle came up with the idea of sending a female schoolteacher on the Shuttle, from which she would teach children a lesson from space. This would be relayed to all the schools in the United States via the public television network PBS. The project was named the Teacher in Space Project (TISP). It was announced by President Reagan on August 27, 1984. In 1985 NASA selected Christa McAuliffe, from Concord, New Hampshire, to be the first teacher in space. McAuliffe died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster (STS-51-L) along with the crew just 73 seconds after liftoff on the morning of Tuesday, 28 January 1986.[69][70] The incident was broadcast live on CNN.[71] When the explosion occurred, Bernard Le Grelle was aboard the Boeing 757 of Eastern Airlines bound to Miami, cruising at 39,000 feet above the Kennedy Space Center. Le Grelle, who was on the telephone with Charles Villeneuve, the managing editor of Europe 1 radio station, became the first and only journalist to report the accident live as he watched the explosion. The report was cited among the great scoops of Europe 1 Radio.[72]

Public affairs executive[edit]

Press lunch to announce the end of the French postal monopoly.

In 1982 Bernard Le Grelle founded the first European lobbying agency[73][74][75][76][77][78][79][80][81][82][83][84] and launched a series of world forums to bring business executives to meet with the head and the members of a government.[85][86][87][88][89] Among others, he lobbied the security of the Channel Tunnel for James Sherwood and for the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) as an allied Defense Industry Co-operation.[90]

In 1984 le Grelle became the European partner of Gray & Company[91], founded by Robert K. Gray[92], former cabinet secretary of President Dwight Eisenhower, deputy director of the Reagan-Bush presidential campaign in 1980.[93][94][95][96]

From 1982 to 1986, Bernard Le Grelle, along with James I. Campbell Jr.[97], advisor to Larry Hillblom, the founder of DHL, were instrumental in breaking up the existing postal monopoly[98] in Europe, opening the way for companies such as FedEx, UPS, TNT and DHL to operate on the European continent.[99][100][101]


Consul de France[edit]

In 1976, Bernard Le Grelle became Consul de France in Tobago, appointed by Henri Chollet, the French ambassador in Port of Spain (Trinidad).[103] He was in charge of the French Navy vessels from Fort de France, call port of the navy forces for the Caribbean (COMAR ANTILLES). When huge oilfields where found off shore,[104] Winston Murray[105] and A.N.R Robinson, were supporting a secession from Trinidad, their London representative asked Le Grelle to join a Shadow cabinet and to be Minister of Foreign Affairs.[106][107] Le Grelle was directed by the French Intelligence Agency DGSE to stay out of the secession because it was supported by Cuba. He resigned, the secession aborted and the Tobago News office was raided by the police to find arms and ammunition.[108]

Policy advisor[edit]

Bernard Le Grelle served as a policy advisor promoting foreign investments and building countries' image for several Prime ministers, including Pierre Mauroy, Wilfried Martens, and Ruud Lubbers. He organized the official visit to the United States of Belgian Deputy Prime minister Willy De Clercq[109], Gérard Longuet, French Minister of Posts and Telecommunications in 1986,[110][111] and Jacques Médecin, Secretary of State for Tourism and Mayor of Nice in 1984. In 1980, Le Grelle met with President Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines to solve a commercial dispute between French companies and the government of the Philippines.

Bernard Le Grelle with Ferdinand Marcos, President of the Philippines

In 2008, as chairman of the support committee for the attribution of the Nobel Prize in medicine to Jean-Claude Chermann, main co-discoverer of the AIDS virus, he campaigned for the official recognition of this oversight with the Nobel committee by bringing together more than 700 doctors, professors and scientists (including professor Robert Gallo).[112][113][114][115][116]

Security and antiterrorism[edit]

Since 1986, Le Grelle had regular contacts with the Presidential counterterrorist cell which was particularly active as Paris was the target of numerous terrorist attacks.[117][118] Le Grelle became an informal agent for the Cell and had regular contacts and meetings in Washington with the Senate Subcommittee on Security and Terrorism, with staff members of the National Security Council at the White House, with the Heritage Foundation, CIA agents and with personalities like Neil Livingstone, Joel Lisker, former head of the FBI antiterrorist unit and chief counsel of the subcommittee on security and terrorism of the Senate judiciary committee.[119][120]

Political clubs[edit]

Le Grelle is the founder of The "Cercle des Trente"[121], meetings of 30 CEO of French companies and a French version of the United States Congressional Joint Economic Committee, the "Cercle Enterprise et Politique", which organized meetings with senators and members of Parliament of the majority and the opposition for business leaders.

Climate and health advocate[edit]

In 2017, Le Grelle was appointed advisor to Linda Fried, Dean of Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in charge to develop a project to create a guiding coalition to build towards a decision by the United Nations General Assembly to convene a 2019 UN High-Level meeting on the Effects of climate change on health and to develop a strategy and process of collaboration of guiding coalition members, including the WHO, WMO, UNEP.

In 2018, Bernard Le Grelle became director of the World Health and Climate Commission (WHCC) project[122] in Geneva organized by PATH. The Commission's mission was to focus on increasing investment and advancing policies, advocacy, research' education and specific projects to address critical climate and health challenges.

Professor and guest speaker[edit]

Bernard Le Grelle was professor at the University of St. Gallen[123] in Switzerland. He was also a visiting Professor at HEC business school Paris at Sorbonne University (Université de Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne) and at CECA University (Centre Entreprise et Communication Avancée). He held conferences on lobbying and advocacy strategies for universities, chambers of commerce, professional organizations, the European commission and employers' associations in Belgium, France, Switzerland, Austria, Spain, Italy, the United States, Zimbabwe and Nigeria.[124][125]


Bernard le Grelle is a member of the Cercle de l'Union interalliée. He is also an active member of the Cercle MBC [fr] in Geneva and Paris, of the Columbia Alumni Associations (New York, Paris, Geneva and Brussels), of the Columbia Journalism Alumni, of the CU J-School International Alums group, of the American University Clubs of France (AUC France) and he is a former member of the Young Presidents' Organization (YPO). Between 2002 and 2005, Bernard le Grelle was Vice Commodore of the Trophée Bailli de Suffren[126][127], a sailing race of traditional boats between Saint-Tropez and Malta.

Personal life[edit]

Bernard le Grelle married in 2007 Karine Higounet, a French lawyer. They have a son Amaury (2007). They live in Paris and Megève in the French Alps.

Publications and books[edit]

  • The United Nations Office of Public Information, a Reorganization Project (Library, Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University, 1974)
  • The United Nations Office of Public Information, pour une politique de relations publiques aux Nations unies (Université Catholique de Louvain, 1974).
  • Report on Transmission Services for Urgent International Business Documents and the 19th Congress of the Universal Postal Union in Hamburg, Germany, June‐July 1984 (International Chamber of Commerce 1984).
  • Lobbyman, Le Pouvoir des Coulisses (Lobbyman, The Power behind the Scene), (Hachette 1988).[128]
  • Les Hommes Préfèrent les Myopes (Men make Passes at Girls wearing Glasses), (Editions LPM 1998).[129]
  • Tout le monde doit connaître cette histoire, Editions Stock, 2009, with Jean-Claude Chermann, Olivier Galzi.


See also[edit]

  • List of noble families in Belgium
  • Bernard Le Grelle


  1. Brion, René; Moreau, Jean-Louis. "Inventaire des archives de la banque Joseph-J. Le Grelle à Anvers" (PDF).
  2. Cogels, Freddy (1983). Souvenirs d'un diplomate: du gateau avec les duchesses?. H. Douxchamps. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. Carton de Wiart, Henry (1981). Souvenirs politiques 2 (1918–1951). Renaissance du Livre. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  4. "Réflexions sur Romain Moyersoen", Trends-Tendance, September 12, 1986
  5. Moyersoen, Ludovic (12 January 1951). Ministre de la Clémence ? Pourquoi Pas. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  6. Le Grelle, Bernard (1960). "Diploma of Our Lady College" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  7. Overhandiging der Prijzen aan de Laureaten van de Opstelwedstrijd De Vrede. Brugsch Handelsblad. February 4, 1967. p. 3. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  8. "First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy's (JBK) trip to India and Pakistan: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan, Visit to Khiber Pass". 24 March 1962.
  9. "The First Lady's trip to India and Pakistan". March 1962.
  10. Somers, J. (August 11, 1969). Het begon met een verkenningstochtje…30.000 km als vakantietrip (It started with an exploration... 30,000 km as a holiday trip). Gazet van Antwerpen. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  11. A 30.000km Trip). De Standaard. August 12, 1969. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  12. Twee Sinjoren per bestelwagen naar Nepal (Two Sinjoren by van to Nepal). Het Laatste Nieuws. August 12, 1969. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  13. L’attrait de l’aventure, (The attraction of adventure). La Métropole. August 11, 1969. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  14. Schiefendecker, Joachim (August 1969). Zum zweiten Mal nach Nepal. Die Schnelle Information. p. n°116 707 02. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  15. Een Klasse VW-Kombi (A VW-Kombi Class). Goede Reis Magazine. August 1969. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  16. Avanzini, L. (August 1969). Un Combi Volkswagen qui a la vie dure (A Volkswagen Combi that has a hard time). Bonne Route Magazine. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  17. Le Grelle, Bernard (February 2, 1970). Avontuur kruidde en halve wereldreis, Twee Antwerpenaars deden vakantie trip van 30.000 km (Adventure spiced up half a trip around the world, Two Antwerpians did holiday trip of 30,000 km). Gazet van Antwerpen (front page national week-end edition). Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  18. Bernard Le Grelle (1969). "Diploma of Bachelor in Economic, Social and Political Sciences of Saint-Louis University" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  19. Le Grelle, Bernard (1974). "Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism Diploma" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  20. Crowdus, Gary; Sklar, Zachary (1992). [www.jstor.org/stable/41688065 Getting the Facts Straight: An interview with Zachary Sklar] Check |url= value (help). Cinéaste, vol. 19, no. 1. pp. 28–32. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  21. "Funeral card of John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1963)". 1969 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  22. McGowen, Deane (September 19, 1973). "P.B.I. Agent Suss Over Suspension". San Francisco Chronicle.
  23. Anderson, Jack (January 9, 1974). "Probe of Ohio GOP cost FBI man job" (PDF). The Washington Post.
  24. Le Grelle, Bernard (April 23, 1974). "Master project of Bernard Le Grelle" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  25. Chang, Ailsa (July 6, 2010). "Spy Games: How KGB Tried to Recruit NYPD Spokesman Paul Browne". WNYC News.
  26. de Rotschild, Guy (May 3, 1977). US Help for France Sought. The Washington Post. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  27. Scherrer, Ron (May 4, 1977). French Team visits US to push its exports. The Christian Science Monitor. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  28. aron Guy de Rothschild, one of France 's leading industrialist, said today that landing rights in New York are important for the supersonic Concorde aircraft to be a success. AP, New York. May 5, 1977. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  29. Ropel, Jared (May 6, 1977). Frenchmen speak planely. New York Post. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  30. Concorde Ban cited, French doubtful on "free trade". Associated Press. May 6, 1977. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  31. Stern, Michael (May 7, 1977). French Businessmen are guests of Beame: At a Breaffast in Gracie Mansion, Mayor Says He'd like Them to Become Permanent Reisdents. The New Times. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  32. Spiegel, Claire (May 7, 1977). pSST! Wanna Invest in the City?. Daily News. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  33. French Businessmen, worried about communism, eye U.S. investments. The Wall Street Journal. May 12, 1977. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  34. Kaufman, Jonathan (November 10, 1978). French to offer China $ billions. South China Morning Post. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  35. Korea Electric Nuclear Projects Starts a Reaction Among Bidders. The Asian Wall Street Journal. May 6, 1980. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  36. Korea Electric Orders 2 French Nuclear Power Plants. The Asian Wall Street Journal. April 1981. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  37. Dodsworth, Terry (April 18, 1981). French Group wins Riyad Contract. Financial Times. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  38. Blount-Bouygues Unit to Build Riyad Project. International Herald Tribune. April 19, 1981. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  39. "Lee Huebner | School of Media & Public Affairs (SMPA) | the George Washington University".
  40. High French Officials Try To Reassure Business men. The Washington Post. March 15, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  41. Minard, Laurence (February 10, 1982). France's Socialist government sees no contradiction in pledging nationalization and seeking foreign investment. Forbes. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  42. Housego, David (February 9, 1982). French Minister reinforce fears over protectionism. Financial Times. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  43. Frankreich: Politik conform mit Regeln unternehmerischer Freiheit. Die Welt. February 9, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  44. Mauroy dà lezione sulla via francese al "socialismo captalista". Corriere della Sera. February 9, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  45. Mang, Rudolf; Palka, Dorothea (May 1982). Staatstheater : Wie ein PR-Man Frankreichs Regierung antreten ließ. Bernard Le Grelle rief, und allen kamen: ein Premier Minister und über 250 internationale Spitzenmanager. Auch Frankreichs Sozialismus braucht Werbung. Capital. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  46. Le Wall Street Journal à Bruxelles. Magazine Pourquoi Pas?. November 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  47. Les firmes étrangères installées en Belgique contre la reduction du temps de travail, Le Wall Street Journal s’installe en fanfare. L’Echo de la Bourse-AGEFI. November 18, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  48. L’américain tombé du ciel: Le "Wall Street Journal" lance une édition européenne. Par Satellite. L’express. October 15–21, 1982.CS1 maint: Date format (link) Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  49. Une édition européenne du Wall Street Journal. Libération. October 25, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  50. Wall Street Comes to Brussels, America’s most authoritative financial paper is opening a European operation in Brussels. The Bulletin. October 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  51. USA Today, 24 Uur voorbij. Het Laatste Nieuws. November 5, 1984. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  52. And Europe today. Pourquoi Pas. November 11, 1984. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  53. Mathot, Michel (November 6, 1984). « USA Today » imprimé en Europe demain ?. Le Soir. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  54. Grth, Michael (October 18, 1984). Eine amerikanisher Zeitung im Fernsehformat, « USA Today » erkundet Europa/ Die Frage der Anzeigen. Franfurther Allgemeine Zeitung. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  55. "List of participants ANPA Board meeting in Monaco, 1984" (PDF). 1960 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  56. Un géant des mers devant Monaco. Nice Matin. September 14, 1984. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  57. Commandant suprême des forces alliées en Europe, Le général Rogers a rencontré à Monaco les patrons de la presse américaine. Nice Matin. September 16, 1984. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  58. "French Presidency Press release - Communiqué de presse de la Présidence de la République française 19 Novembre 1981 - "1983 Bicentenaire des premiers vols humains".
  59. "United States Organizing Committee of the 1983 Air and Space Bicentennial, The Trademarks".
  60. Le Grelle, Bernard (1987). Profession lobbyman : Le Pouvoir des coulisses. Hachette. pp. 192–198. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  61. "S.J.Res.270 - A joint resolution to designate 1983 as the Bicentennial of Air and Space Flight". 3 January 1983.
  62. "S.J. Resolution 270 to designate 1983 as the "Bicentennial of Air and Space Flight" 1982". 1982 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  63. "Proclamation 5009—Bicentennial of Air and Space Flight | The American Presidency Project". www.presidency.ucsb.edu.
  64. "Original text for prompter use of the taping of President Reagan's remarks for the Senate Caucus room ceremony - October 25, 1982". October 25, 1982 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  65. "President Reagan's Remarks on Bicentennial Year of Air and Space Flight on February 7, 1983".
  66. "Remarks at a White House Ceremony Commemorating the Bicentennial Year of Air and Space Flight, February 7, 1983".
  67. "Letter from Senator Mathias to NASA Administrator Jim Beggs". 1982 – via Wikimedia Commons.
  68. "Shuttle Carrier Aircraft with Space Shuttle "Enterprise" in 1983". 1983 – via YouTube.
  69. Le Grelle, Bernard (1987). Profession lobbyman : Le Pouvoir des coulisses. Hachette. pp. 211–214. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  70. Jensen, Claus (1996). No Downlink, A Dramatic Narrative about the Challenger Accident and Our Time. Farrar Straus & Giroux. pp. 214–219. ISBN 0374120366. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  71. "Documentary on the Challenger accident". 2020 – via YouTube.
  72. Bernard, Luc (1990). Europe 1 La Grande Histoire dans une grande radio. Centurion. p. 654. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  73. "Public Affairs Agency - Brussels, London, Berlin and Paris". Interel Group.
  74. Cendros, Teresa (February 16, 1989). Bernard Le Grelle, El Poder politico de los que estan ‘entre bastidores' (The Political Power of Those Who Are 'Behind the Scenes). El Pais. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  75. Combal-Weiss, Renée (January 12, 1987). 3 Questions à Bernard Le Grelle. Stratégies. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  76. Franklin, Patrick (October 1986). Des Relations Publiques particulières, Bernard Le Grelle propose aux entreprises françaises le carnet d’adresses des lobbyistes américains (Special Public Relations, Bernard Le Grelle offers French companies the address book of American lobbyists). Tertiel. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  77. Groupes de Pression. Le Figaro. April 2, 1986. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  78. Gautier, Charles (March 15, 1986). Bernard Le Grelle (Interel) Nous sommes les pionniers du « lobbying » en France, (We are the pioneers of "lobbying" in France). Le Quotidien de Paris. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  79. Profils : Un belge de Paris. Tendances, Trends. March 8, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  80. Barig, Marie-Jeanne (October 21, 1981). Bruxelles, Profession lobbyman, Interview of Bernard Le Grelle. Valeurs Actuelles. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  81. Bréhier, Thierry (April 1, 1988). Les marchands d’influence en quête de ministrables. Le Monde. pp. 8–9. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  82. Thureau-Dangin, Philippe (September 1987). Les Nouveaux parasites. MediaPouvoirs. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  83. Bernard Le Grelle, Vingt Mille Lobbymen en Europe. Stratégies. March 14–20, 1988.CS1 maint: Date format (link) Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  84. Begue, Brigitte (February 21, 1990). Lobby, Les Hommes de l’Ombre. Politis. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  85. Lejeune, Valérie (February 8, 1962). Le Belge qui va montrer nos ministres aux businessmen US (The Belgian who will show our ministers to the US businessmen). Le Quotidien de Paris. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  86. de Montvalon, Dominique (February 7, 1982). Qui êtes-vous ? Bernard Le Grelle, « vendeur » de gouvernement( Who are you? Bernard Le Grelle, government "salesman"). La Libre Belgique. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  87. Ils/Elles, Politique Party. L’Express. December 4–10, 1981.CS1 maint: Date format (link) Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  88. Business Diary, Oui Ministers, The idea for this ministerial jamboree came from Belgian publicist Bernard le Grelle, aged 30. Financial Times. January 19, 1982. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  89. Brady, Rosemary (December 20, 1982). Belgian politicians concerned with unity, tried to buy labor peace but purchased uncompetitive industry instead. Forbes. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  90. Fitchett, Joseph (November 19, 1986). High-Tech Arms Plan Is Urged for Europe. International Herald Tribune. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  91. Lobbying, Accord Gray-Interel. Le Figaro. March 3, 1986. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  92. Bernard Le Grelle, prise avec un déclencheur automatique (1984). "Robert Gray and Bernard Le Grelle" – via Wikimedia Commons.
  93. Thomas, Evan (March 3, 1986). Peddling Influence, Lobbyists Swarm over Capitol Hill. Time Cover Story. pp. 24–19. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  94. Sheler, Jeffrey; Johnson, Kathryn (March 3, 1986). PLobbyist Go for it. U.S News & World Report Cover Story. pp. 30–40. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  95. Le Lobbyisme à Washington, Le Pouvoir parallèle. Plus Montréal. November 10, 1984. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  96. Gurviez, Jean-Noël (June 5, 1986). Marchands d’Influences. L’Expansion. pp. 1–6. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  97. "Home page". www.jcampbell.com.
  98. Le Grelle, Bernard (1987). Profession lobbyman : Le Pouvoir des coulisses. Hachette. pp. 215–249. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  99. Guerre ouverte entre les PTT et les coursiers internationaux. Le Monde. October 22, 1985. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  100. Les “privés” se rebiffent. Le Figaro. October 22, 1985. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  101. Munzi, Ulderico (October 5, 1988). Intervista agli inventori dei correiri internazionali, "Cosi abbiamo battutu le poste di Francia" Il sistema messo a punto dai due uomini d’affari ha superato il monopolio dello Stato-Ora annunciano: "Presto sbarcheremo in Italia" Bernard Le Grelle, 40 anni, lobbyman ha un volto ridente, (Interview with the inventors/defencers of the international couriers: "This how we have beaten the post in France” The system developed by the two businessmen has overcome the state monopoly. Now they announce: ”Soon we will land in Italy” Bernard Le Grelle has a laughing face). Correire della Sera. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  102. Cendros, Teresa (February 16, 1989). "Bernard le Grelle, El poder político de los que están 'entre bastidores'". El Pais.
  103. Bernard Le Grelle, prise avec un déclencheur automatique (March 20, 1976). "Français : Photographie de Bernard Le Grelle Consul de France et le Batral Francis Garnier" – via Wikimedia Commons.
  104. Tobago Oil Drilling off Shore Tobago, The Tobago News, n° 12, December 23 1975
  105. Biography of Winston Murray
  106. Tobago may be the world’s richest island, The Bomb, December, 1975
  107. Le Grelle, Bernard (1987). Profession lobbyman : Le Pouvoir des coulisses. Hachette. p. 40-41. ISBN 2010132106. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  108. Day the cops raided a newspaper office. The Bomb. November 7, 1975. ISBN 2010132106. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  109. Le Grelle. No cheers in his own country, Vice Prime Minister Willy De Clercq was the guest this week in the US. Het Laatste Nieuws. January 20, 1984. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  110. France may authorize private transantlantic cable, PTT Heads says. CommunicationWeek. September 29, 1986. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  111. French PTT Chief outlines strategy for deregulations. International Communications Week. September 1986. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  112. Zyserman, Isabelle (November 4, 2016). Pourquoi le « 3e mousquetaire » n'a pas eu le Nobel de médecine ?. L'Obs avec Rue89. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  113. Bhattacharjee, Yudhijit (December 19, 2008). Face offs: Chermann “taught Barré-Sinoussi everything she knew” and was instrumental in the discovery, says Bernard Le Grelle, a financial consultant who has set up a support committee for his slighted friend. Science Vol n°322. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  114. Article Le Figaro « L'amertume des « oubliés » du prix Nobel », 10 octobre 2008
  115. Article Le Figaro « Sarkozy décore un « oublié » du Nobel », 1er juillet 2009
  116. Article Jean-Claude Chermann, l’oublié du Prix Nobel de médecine décoré par Nicolas Sarkozy
  117. Rossant, John; Bernier, Linda (September 29, 1986). Paris Battles a New Reign of Terror. BusinessWeek. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  118. Corbett, William T (September 1986). Protecting Your Company Against Terrorist Attack. The Wall Street Journal. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  119. Un document secret iranien annonce la création d’une brigade terroriste. L’armée terroriste de Khomeiny. Libération. July 26, 1985. p. 2-5. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  120. Le Grelle, Bernard (1987). Profession lobbyman : Le Pouvoir des coulisses. Hachette. p. 316-319. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  121. Le Grelle, Bernard (1987). "Le Cercle des Trente" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  122. United Nations Climate Change, UN Launches New Coalition on Health, Environment and Climate Change, May 30, 2018
  123. Le Grelle, Bernard (2013). "University of St.Gallen - Law and Lobbying: From Legal to Regulatory Affairs" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  124. Tixier, Maud (November 1, 1996). Les outils de mesure de la communication : regard critique sur l’état de l’art. Presses universitaires de Bordeaux. p. 86. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  125. Vatansever, Samir (2017). Le lobbying à l'ère d'internet. Galatasaray University Istambul. p. 6. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  126. https://www.tropheebaillidesuffren.com
  127. Le Grelle, Bernard (June 26, 2004). "Ordre des chevaliers-corsaires du Bailli de Suffren" (PDF) – via Wikimedia Commons.
  128. "TV show Bains de Minuit - Bernard Le Grelle à propos de son livre "Profession Lobbyman"". INA. April 22, 1988.
  129. Cerboneschi, Isabelle (October 23, 1999). "Bernard Le Grelle: «Les hommes préfèrent les myopes»". Le Temps.

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