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British Army Structure in 1914

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This is the British Army structure before the start of World War I. The structure will range from the Commands, to Divisions, Brigades, Regiments, and Battalions.[1][2][3]

How is this done?:

Reserve / Territorial Force Unit

Command / Control Group

British Army Commands[edit]

British Army Commands c.1914:

Aldershot Command[edit]

Aldershot Command was the command group that had administrative command of the units based in or around Aldershot Garrison.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Aldershot
    • 1st Infantry Division, at Aldershot under Major General Samuel Lomax
      • General Staff Officer, 1st Division - Colonel Robert Fanshawe
      • Assistant Adjutant and Quartermaster General, 1st Division - Lieutenant colonel N. J. G. Cameron
        • 1st Divisional Ammunition Column
        • 1st Divisional Train
      • Brigadier general Commanding Royal Artillery, 1st Division - Brigadier general Neil Douglas Findlay
        • XXV Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
          • 113 Battery
          • 114 Battery
          • 115 Battery
          • XXVI Brigade Ammunition Column
        • XXVI Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
          • 116 Battery
          • 117 Battery
          • 118 Battery
          • XXVI Brigade Ammunition Column
        • XXXIX Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
          • 46 (Talavera) Battery
          • 51 (Kabul) Battery
          • 54 Battery
          • XXXIX Brigade Ammunition Column
        • XLII Howitzer Brigade, Royal Field Artillery
          • 30 Howitzer Battery
          • 40 (Old Rooks) Howitzer Battery
          • 57 (Bhurtpore) Howitzer Battery
          • XLII Howitzer Brigade Ammunition Column
        • 26 Heavy Battery
          • 26 Heavy Battery Ammunition Column
      • Commander Royal Engineers, 1st Division - under Lieutenant colonel A. L. Schreiber
        • 23rd Field Company, Royal Engineers
        • 26th Field Company, Royal Engineers
        • 1st Divisional Signal Company, Royal Engineers
      • 1st (Guards) Infantry Brigade - under Brigadier general Ivor Maxse
        • 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards
        • 1st Battalion, Scots Guards
        • 1st Battalion, Black Watch
        • 2nd Battalion, Royal Munster Fusiliers
      • 2nd Infantry Brigade - under Brigadier general Edward Bulfin
        • 2nd Battalion, The Royal Sussex Regiment
        • 1st Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment
        • 1st Battalion, The Northamptonshire Regiment
        • 2nd Battalion, King's Royal Rifle Corps
      • 3rd Infantry Brigade - Brigadier general Herman Landon
        • 1st Battalion, The Royal Sussex Regiment
        • 1st Battalion, The South Wales Borderers
        • 1st Battalion, The Gloucestershire Regiment
        • 2nd Battalion, The Welsh Regiment
      • Other Attached Units
        • 1st Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps
        • 2nd Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps
        • 3rd Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps
        • 2nd Mobile Veterinary Section, Royal Army Veterinary Corps
    • 2nd Infantry Division
      • Headquarters - Aldershot
      • 5th Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 11th Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • Royal Engineers Field Depot
      • Headquarters - Aldershot
      • 1st Field Park, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Field Park, Royal Engineers
      • 3rd Field Park, Royal Engineers
      • 4th Field Park, Royal Engineers
    • 1st Bridging Train, Royal Engineers
    • 1st Field Squadron, Royal Engineers

Eastern Command[edit]

Eastern Command had the administrative control over units based in; Northamptonshire, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Hertfordshire, Middlesex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex and Woolwich.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Woolwich
    • 4th Infantry Division
      • Headquarters - Woolwich
      • 7th Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 9th Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 2nd Bridging Train, Royal Engineers
    • East Anglian Division
      • Headquarters - Warley
      • 1st East Anglian Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd East Anglian Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 3rd Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 21st Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • Essex Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers

Irish Command[edit]

Irish Command had the administrative control over units based in; Ireland was under direct control of General-Officer Commanding-in-Chief the Forces in Ireland.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Dublin
    • General-Officer Commanding-in Chief the Forces in Ireland
      • 5th Infantry Division
        • Headquarters - The Curragh
        • 17th Field Company, Royal Engineers
        • 59th Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 6th Infantry Division
        • Headquarters - Cork
        • 12th Field Company, Royal Engineers
        • 38th Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 14th Survey Company, Royal Engineers
      • 16th Coast Company, Royal Engineers
      • 33rd Fortress Company Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Brigade Royal Field Artillery

London District[edit]

London District had the administrative control over units based in London.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Horse Guards
    • Home Counties Division
      • 1st Home Counties Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Home Counties Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 1st London Division
      • 1st London Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd London Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 2nd London Division
      • 3rd London Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 4th London Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • London District Group
      • 1st Life Guards
      • 2nd Life Guards
      • Royal Horse Guards
      • 1st Battalion, Grenadier Guards - on Ceremonial Duties
      • 3rd Battalion, Grenadier Guards - on Ceremonial Duties
      • 2nd Battalion, Scots Guards - on Ceremonial Duties
    • London Electrical Engineers - Westminster
    • A (1st City of London Horse Artillery) Battery, The Honourable Artillery Company
    • B (2nd City of London Horse Artillery) Battery, The Honourable Artillery Company
    • 26th (Honourable Artillery Company) Battalion, London Regiment
    • 9th (Queen Victoria's County of London) Battalion, The London Regiment

Northern Command[edit]

Northern Command had the administrative control over units based in; Northumberland, Durham, Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire, Staffordshire, Leicestershire, Rutland and Berwick-upon-Tweed.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - York
    • North Midland Division
      • 1st North Midland Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd North Midland Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • Northumbrian Division
      • 1st Northumbrian Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Northumbrian Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • West Riding Division
      • 1st West Riding Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd West Riding Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 13th Survey Company, Royal Engineers
    • 1st Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • 5th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • Durham Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • East Riding Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • North Riding Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • Tyne Electrical Engineers - North Shields

Scottish Command[edit]

Scottish Command had the administrative control over units based in Scotland.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Edinburgh
    • Highland Division
      • 1st Highland Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Highland Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • Lowland Division
      • 1st Lowland Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Lowland Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 49th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 3rd Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • 6th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • 7th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • City of Aberdeen Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • City of Dundee Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • City of Edinburgh Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • 1st Brigade Royal Field Artillery - Edinburgh

Southern Command[edit]

Southern Command had the administrative control over units based in; Warwickshire, Worcestershire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, Cornwall, Devon, Somersetshire, Dorset, Wiltshire, and Hampshire.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Salisbury
    • 3rd Infantry Division
      • Headquarters - Bulford
      • 56th Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 57th Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • South Midland Division
      • 1st South Midland Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd South Midland Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • Wessex Division
      • 4th (1st Rifle Volunteers) Battalion, The Devonshire Regiment
      • 5th (Prince of Wales') Battalion, The Devonshire Regiment
      • 6th Battalion, The Devonshire Regiment
      • 1st Wessex Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd Wessex Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • Royal Engineers
      • 8th Railway Company, Royal Engineers
      • 10th Railway Company, Royal Engineers
      • 4th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
      • 6th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Based in Guernsey and Alderney
      • 19th Survey Company, Royal Engineers
      • 20th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
      • 22nd Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
      • 26th Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 29th Works LofC Company, Royal Engineers
      • 30th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
      • 34th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - at Guernsey
      • 39th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
      • 42nd Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
      • Royal Alglesey Militia, Royal Engineers
        • 1st Siege Company
        • 2nd Siege Company
        • 3rd Railway Company
      • 4th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
      • 9th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
      • 10th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
      • Cinque Ports Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Cornwall Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Devonshire Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Dorsetshire Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Hampshire Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Kent Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Sussex Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Wiltshire Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
      • Royal Engineers Depot
        • Training Battalion (A-F Companies)
        • Depot Battalion (G, L, and M Depot Companies)
        • Royal School of Military Engineering
      • The Railway Depot, Royal Engineers
    • Royal Artillery
      • Royal Garrison Artillery
      • Royal Field Artillery
        • 1st South Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery

Western Command[edit]

Western Command had the administrative control over units based in;Wales, Cheshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire, Monmouthshire, Lancashire, Cumberland, Westmorland, and Manchester.[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Chester
    • East Lancashire Division
      • 1st East Lancashire Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd East Lancashire Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • West Lancashire Division
      • 1st West Lancashire Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • 2nd West Lancashire Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • Welsh Division
      • Cheshire Field Company, Royal Engineers
      • Welsh Field Company, Royal Engineers
    • 35th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 2nd Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • Royal Monmouthshire Militia, Royal Engineers
      • 1st Siege Company
      • 2nd Railway Company
      • 3rd Railway Company
    • 8th Company, The Coast Battalion, Royal Engineers
    • Glamorgan Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • Lancashire Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers
    • Renfrewshire Fortress Engineers, Royal Engineers

Overseas Commands[edit]

British Forces Gibraltar[edit]

[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Devil's Tower Camp
    • 1st Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 15th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 32nd Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 45th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers

British Forces Africa[edit]

[citation needed]

  • Headquarters - Cairo
    • 2nd Field Company, Royal Engineers - Egypt
    • 36th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Sierra Leone
    • 43rd Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Mauritius
    • 47th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - South Africa
    • 54th Field Company, Royal Engineers - Potchefstroom
    • 55th Field Company, Royal Engineers - Pretoria

British Forces in Canada[edit]

  • Headquarters - Ottawa
    • 18th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers

British Forces in Malta[edit]

  • Headquarters - Valletta
    • 24th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
    • 28th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers

British Forces Asia[edit]

  • Headquarters - Hong Kong
    • 25th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Hong Kong
    • 31st Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Ceylon
    • 40th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Hong Kong
    • 1/2 Company of 41st Fortress Company, Royal Engineers - Singapore
    • I Depot Company, Royal Engineers - Ceylon

British Forces Bermuda[edit]

  • Headquarters - Bermuda
    • 27th Fortress Company, Royal Engineers

British Indian Army and Pakistan[edit]

  • Headquarters - New Delhi
    • H Depot Company, Royal Engineers
    • 3rd Brigade Royal Field Artillery - Lahore
    • 4th Brigade Royal Field Artillery - Meerut
    • 5th Brigade Royal Field Artillery - Meerut

References[edit]


This article "British Army Structure in 1914" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:British Army Structure in 1914. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.

  1. Fosten, Donald; Marrion, Robert (1978-10-26). The British Army 1914–18. Bloomsbury USA. ISBN 9780850452877. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  2. Sheffield, Gary (2014-03-11). Command and Morale: The British Army on the Western Front 1914-1918. Pen and Sword. ISBN 9781473834668. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. Messenger, Charles (2015-04-30). Call to Arms: The British Army 1914-18. Orion Publishing Group. ISBN 9781780227597. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png

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