Communist Workers Organisation (Marxist–Leninist)

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Communist Workers Organisation (Marxist-Leninist)
FoundedMarch 1978
Merger ofLeague of Dutch Marxist–Leninists
Communist Workers Organisation
Communist Circle of Breda (Marxist–Leninist)
NewspaperRode Vlag
Three Worlds Theory
Political positionFar-left

Communist Workers Organisation (in Dutch: Kommunistische Arbeidersorganisatie (marxistisch-leninistisch), abbreviated KAO (ml)) was a communist group in the Netherlands. It was founded in March 1978, through the merger of the League of Dutch Marxist-Leninists (BNML), the Communist Workers Organisation (KAO) and the Communist Circle of Breda (marxist-leninist) (KKB (ml)). All of these had their origins in the pro-Chinese fraction of the Communist Party of the Netherlands.

The main organ of KAO (ml) was Rode Vlag (Red Flag).

KAO (ml) was active during the Rotterdam port strike of 1979.

KAO (ml) upheld the Three Worlds Theory promoted by the Communist Party of China. This eventually led to a split, with one section breaking away and forming the Workers Party of the Netherlands (build-up organisation) (Arbeiderspartij van Nederland (opbouworganisatie)) in 1980.

KAO (ml) dissolved around 1990.


  • Harmsen, G. (1982): Nederlands Kommunisme. Gebundelde opstellen, Nijmegen, Sun. ISBN 90 6188 193 6 Parameter error in {{ISBN}}: Invalid ISBN. 6188 193 6 Search this book on link= 6188 193 6.
  • Vos, Chris (et al.) (2005): De geheime dienst, verhalen over de BVD, Amsterdam, Boom. ISBN 9085061814 Search this book on Logo.png.


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