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Comparison of different maze types

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Labyrinth pattern types[edit]

Seed Pattern: a tool to design or evaluate the complexity of a labyrinth or maze. A classical labyrinth has usually four seeds, or a + at the center.
A seed can have multiple lines at the start and the pattern can take many forms. Using well known seed patterns makes drawing a labyrinth easier, to ensure the route is solvable.[1]

Comparison Chart[edit]

Cretan labyrinth Celtic labyrinth Celtic Trispiral Meander Simple
Roman labyrinth Repartus labyrinth St. Omer Labyrinth Meander Complex
Ambagus Chartres labyrinth Bayeux labyrinth
Reims labyrinth Modern 3D Maze

Ancient examples[edit]

  • Cretan labyrinth: In the Cretan pattern each course from one side of the main axis to the other before the path turns in the opposite direction.
  • Meander Maze: The Meander can be a simple unicursal labyrinth or a complex maze.[2] The defining aspect of the pattern is snaking sic-sac or flowing organic routes.
  • Celtic labyrinth: A variation from the classical or Cretan labyrinth. The Celts preferred spirals and knot work designs. They also created angular designs.
  • Roman labyrinth: The path fills one sector (typically a quarter) before advancing to the next. The Roman labyrinths are typically mosaics.
  • Stone labyrinths of Bolshoi Zayatsky Island

Medieval and Renaissance examples[edit]

  • Chartres labyrinth, circa 1200 [3] The Chartres labyrinth differs from the Roman quarterly design by alternating quarterly stops with half circle segments.
  • Ravenna Cathedral labyrinth, ca 1465
  • Bayeux Cathedral labyrinth, circa 1400[4]
  • Mirepoix Cathedral labyrinth
  • Reims Cathedral labyrinth, circa 1300[5]
  • Lucca Cathedral labyrinth, circa 1250
  • St. Reparta labyrinth, early Christian adaptation of the Roman style, circa 324 CE; the earliest known church labyrinth.[6]
  • Watts Cemetery Chapel labyrinth, circa 1900[7]

See also[edit]

  • Celtic knot
  • Hedge maze
  • Labyrinth
  • Maze
  • Prayer Labyrinth
  • Tour puzzle
  • Troy Town
  • Turf maze
  • Mandala


  1. "How to draw a labyrinth from seed". The Labyrinth Society. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  2. "Labyrinth types". The Labyrinth Society. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  3. "The Labyrinth of Chartres Technical data website". www.mymaze.de. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  4. "Labyrinthos". www.labyrinthos.net. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  5. "Reims Labyrinth". Loyola University of Chigaco, Medieval Studies. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. Kern, Hermann (2000). Through the Labyrinth. New York: Prestel. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  7. Bounford, Julie E. (2018). The Curious History of Mazes: 4,000 Years of Fascinating Twists and Turns. Wellfleet Press. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-76036-3-027. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png

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