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Coordinates: 22°00′N 80°00′W / 22.000°N 80.000°W / 22.000; -80.000


Republic of Cuba

República de Cuba  (Spanish)
Flag of Cuba
A shield in front of a Fasces crowned by the Phrygian Cap, all supported by an oak branch and a laurel wreath
Coat of arms
Motto: ¡Patria o Muerte, Venceremos!
("Homeland or Death, We Shall Overcome!")[1]
Cuba shown in dark green.
Cuba shown in dark green.
and largest city
23°8′N 82°23′W / 23.133°N 82.383°W / 23.133; -82.383

Official languagesSpanish
Other spoken languagesHaitian Creole
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary Marxist–Leninist one-party socialist republic[5]
Miguel Díaz-Canel
Salvador Valdés Mesa
Manuel Marrero Cruz
Esteban Lazo Hernández
LegislatureNational Assembly of People's Power
from the United States and Spain
10 October 1868
24 February 1895
• Recognized (Handed over to the United States from Spain)
10 December 1898
• Republic declared (Independence from United States)
20 May 1902
26 July 1953 – 1 January 1959
10 April 2019
• Total
109,884 km2 (42,426 sq mi) (104th)
• Water (%)
• 2021 census
Neutral decrease 11,113,215[6] (83rd)
• Density
101.8/km2 (263.7/sq mi) (80th)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
US$254.865 billion[7]
• Per capita
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase US$107.352 billion[9] (60th)
• Per capita
Increase US$9,478[9] (69th)
Gini (2000)38.0[10]
HDI (2019)Increase 0.783[11]
high · 70th
CurrencyCuban peso (CUP)
Time zoneUTC−5 (CST)
• Summer (DST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+53
ISO 3166 codeCU

Cuba (/ˈkjuːbə/ (About this soundlisten) KEW-bə, Spanish: [ˈkuβa] (About this soundlisten)), officially the Republic of Cuba (Spanish: República de Cuba [reˈpuβlika ðe ˈkuβa] (Audio file "RCUB.ogg " not found)), is an island country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos. Cuba is located where the northern Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and Atlantic Ocean meet. Cuba is located at the east of the Yucatán Peninsula (Mexico), south of both the American state of Florida and the Bahamas, west of Hispaniola (Haiti/Dominican Republic), and north of both Jamaica and the Cayman Islands. [[

  1. "Cuban Peso Bills". Central Bank of Cuba. 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  2. "National symbols". Government of Cuba. Retrieved 7 September 2009.
  3. "Central America :: Cuba — The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". Retrieved 28 September 2021.
  4. "Cuba - The World Factbook". 6 October 2021.
  5. "The Constitution of the Republic of Cuba, 1976 (as Amended to 2002)" (PDF). National Assembly of People's Power. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 January 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2012. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
    For discussion of the 1992 amendments, see Domínguez 2003.
  6. "Indicadores Demográficos por provincias y municipios 2021" (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística e Information República de Cuba. Retrieved 29 June 2022.CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
  7. 7.0 7.1 "World Bank GDP PPP 2015, 28 April 2017 PDF". Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  8. "World Bank total population of Cuba in 2015 (GDP PPP divided by Population data)". Retrieved 18 January 2018.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Basic Data Selection". United Nations. Retrieved 3 May 2021.
  10. "Cuba grapples with growing inequality". Reuters. Retrieved 21 July 2013.
  11. "Table 2: Trends in the Human Development Index, 1990–2014". United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 15 December 2015.

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