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Cyclone Maha

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Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Maha
Extremely severe cyclonic storm (IMD scale)
Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)
Maha 2019-11-04 0640Z.jpg
Cyclone Maha near peak intensity on 4 November
FormedOctober 30, 2019 (2019-10-30)
DissipatedNovember 7, 2019 (2019-11-07)
Highest winds3-minute sustained: 185 km/h (115 mph)
1-minute sustained: 195 km/h (120 mph)
Gusts: 240 km/h (150 mph)
Lowest pressure956 hPa (mbar); 28.23 inHg
FatalitiesNone reported
Areas affectedWestern India, Sri Lanka
Part of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Maha was a tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea that was threatening Gujarat. The eighth depression, sixth named storm, and the fifth severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Maha originated from a low pressure area off the southern tip of India on October 30.[1] The storm later started to slowly intensify, reaching severe cyclonic storm status on November 2, very severe cyclonic storm satus on November 3 and extremly severe cyclonic storm status on November 4. As it reached these intensities, 2019 became a record breaking season in the North Indian Ocean.

The name Maha was provided by Oman.[2]

Meteorological history[edit]

Map plotting the track and the intensity of the storm, according to the Saffir–Simpson scale

A well-marked low pressure area located off the coast of India in the Arabian Sea intensified into a depression on October 30.[3].The system moved northwestwards into an area of more favorable environment conditions and intensified into a Cyclonic Storm on November 1. Maha continued to intensify, fluctuating in intensity for the next 2 days as it moved along the Indian coast, producing rough surf and moderate coastal flooding along the way before becoming a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm on November 3 and then into an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm the next day as it moved parallel to the Indian coast. Maha began to stall in the Arabian Sea as it reached peak intensity due to a lack of steering currents. Upwelling began to take its toll on the storm, and it weakened back to a Cyclonic Storm as it approached Gujarat. It then made landfall near Gujarat as a depression and quickly weakened afterwards.

Maha was following a similar track as Cyclone Kyarr, which recently became the second most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the North Indian Ocean.[4] Strong upper level winds generated by Maha caused Kyarr to weaken.


Orange alert was issued in four districts of Kerala. [5]

Four warships of the Western Naval Command have been loaded with HADR relief materials. Naval units of the Gujarat Naval Area are also prepared with Emergency Response Teams equipped with underwater diving equipment and inflatable boats.

In addition, naval aircraft and helicopters are also on standby to undertake any survey and air rescue operations. Naval authorities in Gujarat are in constant liaison with civil authorities to ensure seamless coordination.

Cyclone 'Maha', is expected to make landfall near Veraval by the night of 6 Nov as a Cyclonic Storm with winds of the order of 35 - 40 Knots. Consequently, rough to very rough sea conditions are likely to effect East Central Arabian Sea and heavy rain with thunder and lightning is expected to effect South Gujarat and North Maharashtra areas.

Effects of Cyclone Maha[edit]

•'Maha' is expected to hit the Tamil Nadu, with a maximum sustained wind speed of 70-80 kilometres per hour.

•Parts of Maharashtra and Goa are likely to receive rainfall due to Cyclone Maha over the next two days

•Heavy to very heavy rains may also be witnessed at isolated places over Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Severe cyclonic storm 'Maha' is expected to make landfall on the Gujarat coast near the Union Territory of Diu on Thursday, and will cause rainfall in parts of Maharashtra and Goa over the next two days.The India Meteorological Department (IMD) was on Tuesday quoted by reports as saying that Cyclone Maha, reportedly named by Oman, was forming over the east-central and west-central areas of the Arabian Sea, adding that it is likely to move rapidly towards the east-northeast while weakening further. The cyclone was initially categorised as an 'extremely severe cyclonic storm'.

See also[edit]

Other articles of the topic Tropical cyclones : 2018 Pacific typhoon season, 2017 Jan-Mar Tropical Cyclones, Hurricane Florence (2018), Hurricane Karen (2007), Tropical Storm Krovanh (2020), List of nicknamed tropical cyclones, Hurricane Ida (2021)
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  • 1998 Gujarat cyclone — an extremely deadly and damaging tropical cyclone, and the most recent to make landfall in Gujarat at a minimum of cyclonic storm intensity
  • Cyclone Gonu — the second most intense tropical cyclone on record in the Arabian Sea, occurring in June 2007
  • 2015 Gujarat cyclone — a weak but devastating tropical cyclone that made landfall in Gujarat as a deep depression
  • Cyclone Ockhi — a strong tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea in December 2017 which also affected western India
  • Cyclone Kyarr — the second most intense tropical cyclone on record in the North Indian Ocean, the most intense recorded in the Arabian Sea


  2. "Oman’s Maha, Pakistan’s Bulbul to follow Myanmar’s Kyarr","thenews.com.pk", October 30, 2019
  3. "RSMC Bulletin" (PDF). 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  4. "‘Maha’ to follow 'Kyarr' as Arabian Sea's next cyclone", "geo.tv", October 30, 2019
  5. http://www.uniindia.com/cyclone-maha-orange-alert-in-four-districts-of-kerala/south/news/1774974.html

External links[edit]

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