This article needs to be updated.November 2019)(
|Extremely severe cyclonic storm (IMD scale)|
|Category 3 tropical cyclone (SSHWS)|
|Formed||October 30, 2019|
|Dissipated||November 7, 2019|
|Highest winds||3-minute sustained: 185 km/h (115 mph) |
1-minute sustained: 195 km/h (120 mph)
Gusts: 240 km/h (150 mph)
|Lowest pressure||956 hPa (mbar); 28.23 inHg|
|Areas affected||Western India, Sri Lanka|
|Part of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season|
Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm Maha was a tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea that was threatening Gujarat. The eighth depression, sixth named storm, and the fifth severe cyclonic storm of the 2019 North Indian Ocean cyclone season, Maha originated from a low pressure area off the southern tip of India on October 30. The storm later started to slowly intensify, reaching severe cyclonic storm status on November 2, very severe cyclonic storm satus on November 3 and extremly severe cyclonic storm status on November 4. As it reached these intensities, 2019 became a record breaking season in the North Indian Ocean.
The name Maha was provided by Oman.
Meteorological history[edit | edit source]
A well-marked low pressure area located off the coast of India in the Arabian Sea intensified into a depression on October 30..The system moved northwestwards into an area of more favorable environment conditions and intensified into a Cyclonic Storm on November 1. Maha continued to intensify, fluctuating in intensity for the next 2 days as it moved along the Indian coast, producing rough surf and moderate coastal flooding along the way before becoming a Very Severe Cyclonic Storm on November 3 and then into an Extremely Severe Cyclonic Storm the next day as it moved parallel to the Indian coast. Maha began to stall in the Arabian Sea as it reached peak intensity due to a lack of steering currents. Upwelling began to take its toll on the storm, and it weakened back to a Cyclonic Storm as it approached Gujarat. It then made landfall near Gujarat as a depression and quickly weakened afterwards.
Maha was following a similar track as Cyclone Kyarr, which recently became the second most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the North Indian Ocean. Strong upper level winds generated by Maha caused Kyarr to weaken.
Preparation[edit | edit source]
See also[edit | edit source]
Others articles of the Topic Tropical cyclones : Hurricane Florence (2018), Tropical cyclones in 2010, Hurricane Norman (2018)
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- 1998 Gujarat cyclone — an extremely deadly and damaging tropical cyclone, and the most recent to make landfall in Gujarat at a minimum of cyclonic storm intensity
- Cyclone Gonu — the second most intense tropical cyclone on record in the Arabian Sea, occurring in June 2007
- 2015 Gujarat cyclone — a weak but devastating tropical cyclone that made landfall in Gujarat as a deep depression
- Cyclone Ockhi — a strong tropical cyclone in the Arabian Sea in December 2017 which also affected western India
- Cyclone Kyarr — the second most intense tropical cyclone on record in the North Indian Ocean, the most intense recorded in the Arabian Sea
References[edit | edit source]
- "POTENTIAL CYCLONE MAHA ALL SET TO BATTER INDIA, FOURTH CYCLONE IN ARABIAN SEA", "skymetweather.com", October 30, 2019
- "Oman’s Maha, Pakistan’s Bulbul to follow Myanmar’s Kyarr","thenews.com.pk", October 30, 2019
- "RSMC Bulletin" (PDF). 30 October 2019. Retrieved 30 October 2019.
- "‘Maha’ to follow 'Kyarr' as Arabian Sea's next cyclone", "geo.tv", October 30, 2019
[edit | edit source]
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