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Genetics of Gujjars

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A study conducted by the CDFD (Centre for DNA Fingerprinting and Diagnostics) [1] concluded that members of the Gujjar community in Jammu and Kashmir were found to be genetically much closer to the Pashtuns (an eastern Iranic ethnic group) found mainly in Afghanistan and Pakistan than to other ethnic groups in India [2]. The CDFD analyzed the genetic makeup of 69 Gujjars from Jammu and Kashmir and found that Gujjars did not cluster closely with samples from Assam, Bengal, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra or Rajasthan. Thus making them a distinct ethnic group in South Asia.

Male-specific markers called Y-STR which were compared with 37 different population groups in Central, South, and West Asia, as well as in Russia and Europe, found that the Gujjars of Jammu and Kashmir were genetically closer to the Pashtuns of the Baghlan and Kunduz provinces in Afghanistan as well as to the Pashtuns and Sindhis in Pakistan.[3] [4] [5] [6]

The R1a haplogroup was found in high frequencies of the male samples gathered in the Gujjar population of Jammu and Kashmir followed by the L and H haplogroups.[7] [8]


  1. "CDFD :: Home page".
  2. "Figure 3 | Scientific Reports" – via
  3. "Gujjars have links to Pashtuns in Pakistan and Afghanistan, says CDFD study". Deccan Herald. February 24, 2020.
  4. "Found: Shared ancestry between Gujjars and Pashtuns".
  5. "Jammu and Kashmir Gujjars, Pashtuns' genes similar: Study | Jammu News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  7. Singh, Mugdha; Sarkar, Anujit; Kumar, Devinder; Nandineni, Madhusudan R. (February 6, 2020). "The genetic affinities of Gujjar and Ladakhi populations of India". Scientific Reports. 10 (1): 1–12. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-59061-9 – via
  8. "Figure 4 | Scientific Reports" – via

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