Greg Kaplan is professor of economics at the University of Chicago. His research encompasses macroeconomics, labor economics and applied microeconomics, with a focus on distributional issues.
Education and Career
Greg Kaplan graduated with a BCom from Macquarie University in 2000. He went on to further study at the London School of Economics and received an an Msc in economics in 2002. He got a PhD from New York University in 2009. Following his graduation with a PhD from New York University in 2009, worked at the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis for a year. He he then became assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania. He left Philadelphia for an assistant professorship at Princeton University in 2012 and was promoted to full professor in 2015. The University of Chicago appointed him professor in economics in 2016.
In a 2014 paper with Gianluca Violante and Justin Weidner, Kaplan shows that a sizable share of households own little liquid wealth despite holding significant illiquid wealth. The authors call such households "wealthy hand-to-mouth". Because the wealthy hand-to-mouth have little liquid wealth they react strongly to transitory income shocks and therefore have high MPCs. This has important implications for fiscal and monetary policy (see HANK models). Kaplan further shows with Gianluca Violante that models featuring wealthy hand-to-mouth (i.e. with one liquid asset and one illiquid asset) yield aggregate responses to fiscal shocks one order of magnitude higher than standard one-asset models, consistent with empirical evidence.
Heterogeneous Agent New Keynesian models
In 2018, Kaplan together with Benjamin Moll and Gianluca Violante introduce the term HANK (Heterogeneous Agent New Keynesian) model to describe the rising literature incorporating household heterogeneity into New-Keynesian models. They argue that monetary policy operates mostly via general equilibrium effects on the labor market, instead of the standard intertemporal substitution channel. This is due to a sizable share of households exhibiting high MPCs, whose spending behavior reacts strongly to changes in disposable income. As Ricardian equivalence fails in HANK models, the reaction of the fiscal authority to a monetary shock is key to determine the overall macroeconomic response.
Kaplan is an editor of the Journal of Political Economy, a Research Associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research and a Research Fellow at the Institute for Fiscal Studies. He is also an economic consultant at the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
- "Greg Kaplan CV" (PDF). Unknown parameter
- Kaplan, Greg; Violante, Giovanni L. (2014). "A Model of the Consumption Response to Fiscal Stimulus Payments". Econometrica. 82 (4): 1199–1239. doi:10.3982/ECTA10528. ISSN 1468-0262. Unknown parameter
- "Economics in central banking: Greg Kaplan, Benjamin Moll and Gianluca Violante". Central Banking. 2019-01-28. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
- Global Perspectives Podcast with guest Professor Greg Kaplan, retrieved 2021-02-16
- Kaplan, Greg; Moll, Benjamin; Violante, Giovanni L. (March 2018). "Monetary Policy According to HANK". American Economic Review. 108 (3): 697–743. doi:10.1257/aer.20160042. ISSN 0002-8282. Unknown parameter
- "The winners of the 2019 Central Banking Awards". Central Banking. 2019-02-12. Retrieved 2020-06-29.
- "Podcast: Greg Kaplan on heterogeneous-agent models". Central Banking. 2019-03-22. Retrieved 2021-02-16.
- "Journal of Political Economy: Editorial Board". www.journals.uchicago.edu. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
- "Greg Kaplan". NBER. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
- "Greg Kaplan -". www.ifs.org.uk. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
- "Greg Kaplan". Equitable Growth. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
- "Past Fellows". sloan.org. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
- "Fellows | The Econometric Society". www.econometricsociety.org. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
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