Indian Music Industry
|Founded||28 February 1936|
|Blaise Fernandes, President & CEO|
The Indian Music Industry (IMI) is a trust that represents the recording industry distributors in India. It was founded on February 28, 1936 as Indian Phonographic Industry (IPI). It is the 2nd oldest music industry organization in the world that was involved in protecting copyrights of music producers and supporting growth of music entertainment industry. In 1994, it was renamed as Indian Music Industry (IMI) and represented India at the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI). It is also registered with the West Bengal Societies Registration Act. All major music labels in India are part of this association. Record companies like Saregama India Ltd. (HMV), Universal Music (India), Tips_Industries_Limited, Venus, Sony Music Entertainment (India), Crescendo, Virgin Records, Magnasound, Milestone, Times Music and several other prominent national and regional labels are part of the IMI. The IMI represents over 75% of all legal music sales in India.
IMI has its registered office in Kolkata and Administrative office in Mumbai. It also has offices in New Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and other major Indian cities working on the protection of rights of music producers and preventing music piracy. It has also been instrumental in launching the IMMIES music awards in collaboration with MTV.
Criteria of certification levels
The Indian Music Industry has constituted different, prestigious awards to encourage and promote music. The approved scheme of gold/platinum disc standards effective for sound recordings of member companies released in one calendar year is as below:
- Sales of all types of carriers, whether vinyl records, audio cassettes, compact discs, MP3 compact discs, music videos (i.e. excluding home videos) or any other existing or future type of carrier is considered on the basis of one unit.
- If a sound recording contains a combination of two program, any program over half of its total duration can be weighted at 50%, of the sales of the sound recording of that program. Any program comprising less than half of the total duration of the sound recording will not be counted for the purpose of certification.
- Sales in domestic markets only will be considered for the calculation of sales of sound recording.
- The time-limit for achieving above sales in any category is one year from the release of the recording in India.
- Applications should be accompanied by a copy certified by the member’s chartered accountant stating the date of release & the number of units sold, along with a letter from the managing director or CEO.
By 2010 the "Indian Music Industry" didn't have any kind of official chart. But in 2010 Indian newspaper The Times of India and radio channel "Radio Mirchi" collaborated to form a chart system charting various songs of various categories. For the album charts the industry considers the sales according to iTunes. Whereas for the songs there are various other charts such as provided by Saavn and Nokia MixRadio
Current official Indian Charts
|Chart Name||Type||Number of songs/albums||Category||ref|
|"iTunes charts"||Albums||100||National as well as International|||
|"Mirchi Top 20"||songs||20||National|||
|"Angrezi Top 20"||songs||20||International|||
|"Tamil Top 20"||songs||20||Regional|||
|"Kannada Top 20"||songs||20||Regional|||
|"Telugu Top 20"||songs||20||Regional|||
|"Malayalam Top 20"||songs||20||Regional|||
|"Bengal Top 20"||songs||20||Regional|||
India has most separate scales for music recording certification. Certifications are usually based on sales, like some other Asian countries. Like many other Asian countries, domestic repertoire accounted for more than 50% of Indian music market.
Current certification levels
Previous certification levels
Like many other countries, sales requirements of music recording in India reduced due to music piracy and declining sales. For example, prior to 2000, the sales requirements for Hindi film category (the most dominant music genre) is 500,000 copies and a million copies, respectively, for gold and platinum awards. It was later lowered to 250,000 and 500,000 copies, respectively. Previously, recordings in the national basic category is required to sold 100,000 and 200,000 copies, in order to achieve Gold and Platinum awards.
|1||1983||Young Tarang||Biddu||Nazia and Zoheb, Sehba Akhtar, Amit Khanna||Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan||40,000,000|||
|2||1990||Aashiqui||Nadeem–Shravan||Sameer, Madan Pal, Rani Malik||Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh||20,000,000|||
|1995||Bolo Ta Ra Ra..||Jawahar Wattal||Daler Mehndi||Daler Mehndi||20,000,000|||
|4||1995||Bombay||A. R. Rahman||Vairamuthu, Mehboob, Veturi Sundararama Murthy||A. R. Rahman, Remo Fernandes, Suresh Peters, Swarnalatha, K. S. Chithra, Hariharan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Udit Narayan, Annupamaa||15,000,000|||
|5||1981||Disco Deewane||Biddu||Nazia and Zoheb, Anwar Khalid, Faruk Kaiser||Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan||14,000,000|||
|6||1997||Dil Toh Pagal Hai||Uttam Singh||Anand Bakshi||Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Hariharan||12,500,000|||
|7||1994||Hum Aapke Hain Kaun||Raamlaxman||Ravinder Rawal, Dev Kohli||Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, S. P. Balasubramanyam, Udit Narayan, Sharda Sinha, Shailendra Singh||12,000,000|||
|8||1996||Raja Hindustani||Nadeem–Shravan||Sameer||Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Alka Yagnik, Suresh Wadkar, Sapna Awasthi, Alisha Chinai, Sapna Mukheree, Bela Salukhe||11,000,000|||
|9||1989||Maine Pyar Kiya||Raamlaxman||Asad Bhopali, Dev Kohli||S. P. Balasubrahmanyam, Lata Mangeshkar, Usha Mangeshkar, Shailendra Singh, Sharda Sinha||10,000,000|||
|1991||Saajan||Nadeem–Shravan||Sameer||SP Balasubramanyam, Alka Yagnik, Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Pankaj Udhas||10,000,000|||
|1995||Bewafa Sanam||Nikhil-Vinay||Yogesh||Sonu Nigam, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh||10,000,000|||
|Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge||Jatin–Lalit||Anand Bakshi||Lata Mangeshkar, Kumar Sanu, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Abhijeet, Manpreet Kaur, Pamela Chopra||10,000,000|||
|Rangeela||A. R. Rahman||Mehboob||Asha Bhosle, Aditya Narayan, Hariharan, Swarnalatha, Udit Narayan, Kavita Krishnamurthy, Shweta Shetty||10,000,000|||
|1999||Kaho Naa Pyaar Hai||Rajesh Roshan||Sawan Kumar Tak, Ibraham Ashq, Vijay Akayla||Lucky Ali, Kumar Sanu, Alka Yagnik, Udit Narayan, Asha Bhosle, Babul Supriyo, Ramya||10,000,000|||
|1930s||1939||Aadmi||Master Krishnarao||Munsi Aziz||Shanta Hublikar, Ram Marathe, Sundara Bai, Shahu Modhak||—|||
|1940s||1949||Barsaat||Shankar Jaikishan||Hasrat Jaipuri, Shailendra, Ramesh Shashtri, Akhilesh, Jalal Malahabadi||Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi, Mukesh||—|||
|1950s||1951||Awaara||Shankar Jaikishan||Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri||Shamshad Begum, Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar, Manna Dey, Mohammed Rafi||—|||
|1960s||1964||Sangam||Shankar Jaikishan||Shailendra, Hasrat Jaipuri||Vyjayanthimala, Mukesh, Lata Mangeshkar, Mahendra Kapoor, Mohammed Rafi||—|||
|1970s||1973||Bobby||Laxmikant–Pyarelal||Anand Bakshi, Vitthalbhai Patel||Lata Mangeshkar, Narendra Chanchal, Shailendra Singh, Manna Dey||—|||
|1980s||1983||Young Tarang||Biddu||Nazia and Zoheb, Sehba Akhtar, Amit Khanna||Nazia Hassan, Zoheb Hassan||40,000,000|||
|1990s||1990||Aashiqui||Nadeem–Shravan||Sameer, Madan Pal, Rani Malik||Kumar Sanu, Anuradha Paudwal, Udit Narayan, Nitin Mukesh||20,000,000|||
|1995||Bolo Ta Ra Ra..||Jawahar Wattal||Daler Mehndi||Daler Mehndi||20,000,000|||
|2000s||2000||Mohabbatein||Jatin–Lalit||Anand Bakshi||Lata Mangeshkar, Udit Narayan, Shweta Pandit, Sonali Bhatawdekar, Ishaan||5,000,000|||
|2010s||2010||Komaram Puli||A. R. Rahman||Chandrabose||A. R. Rahman, Vijay Prakash, Tanvi Shah, Shweta Mohan, Javed Ali, Shreya Ghoshal||760,000|||
- Top Music Albums Charts via iTunes Store India iTunes
- Mirchi Top 20 The Times of India
- Angrezi Top 10 The Times of India
- Tamil Top 20 The Times of India
- Kannada Top 20 The Times of India
- Telugu Top 20 The Times of India
- Malayalayam Top 20 The Times of India
- Bengal Top 20 The Times of India
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It is also emboldened by its two monster soundtrack hits, Hum Aapke Hain Koun and Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge— the two albums sold more than one crore tapes each.
- "Film producers float their own music firms". The Times of India. 11 November 2011.
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- "'Komaram Puli' audio creates latest record!". way2movies. 16 July 2010.
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