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Steel City of India, Pittsburgh of India, Steel Capital of India, City of Factories and The Industrial Capital
Largest City in/of Jharkhand
|District||East Singhbhum District|
|Founded by||Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata|
|• Total||209 km2 (81 sq mi)|
Jamshedpur is the largest city of Jharkhand, India. This is a metropolis city as well as the first planned industrial city of India. It was founded by Jamshedji Nassarwanji Tata in the 1900s. This city is famous for it's industries of iron and steel. Apart from it, the city is also famous for automobile, information technology and engineering etc. It is ranked as 84th fastest growing cities of the world by World Mayors Foundation.
Jamshedji Tata (1839 - 1904) was a businessman. He was planning to build an iron and steel plant. So he went to Pittsburgh to met iron and steel makers. And then he get the idea for an iron and steel plant to get build. For this he need to ask a permission from government. That was the time of British Raj or Rule on Indian subcontinent. However he get the permission from the government to build the steel plant.
Then along with the steel plant he get a vision of a great city. He wrote a letter to his son Dorabji Tata about the vision of a great city. Then along with steel plant. The planning of the city was also started. Then the construction of the plant along with the city was started. During this time Jamshedji Tata said -
"Be sure to lay wide streets planted with shady trees, every other of a quick-growing variety. Be sure that there is plenty of space for lawns and gardens; reserve large areas for football, hockey and parks; earmark areas for Hindu temples, Muslim mosques and Christian churches."
Then the construction was started but during that time itself, Jamshedji Tata died. But later his son Dorabji Tata came and he continiued his father's dream and the city was build at Sakchi Village present day a business district.
Jamshedji Tata also built a park in the city known as Jubilee Park inspired by the Vrindavan Gardens of Mysore.
Then later after the completion and establishment of the city on 3rd March 1919 same birth day of Jamshedji Tata. Then during 1936, a famous building known as Regal Building was built. During World War II troops came for being staying in the Circuit House. In 1945 Tata Motors was started from here.
Jamshedpur is situated in the southern end of the state of Jharkhand and is bordered by the states of Odisha and West Bengal. The average elevation of the city is 135 metres while the range is from 129 m to 151 m. Total geographical area of Jamshedpur is 224 km square. Jamshedpur is primarily located in a hilly region and is surrounded by the Dalma Hills running from west to east and covered with dense forests. The other smaller hill ranges near the city are Ukam Hill and the Jadugoda-musabani hill range. The city is also a part of the larger Chota Nagpur Plateau region. The region is formed of the sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks belonging to the Dharwarian period.
Jamshedpur is located at the confluence of Kharkai and Subarnarekha Rivers. Subarnarekha is the principal river of Jamshedpur, which flows from west to south-eastern part of the territory. Many small rivers, especially the tributaries, join the Subarnarekha river in this area. Kharkai flows from the south and joins the Subarnarekha river at a place called Domuhani. The two rivers are the major sources of drinking water and groundwater for the city. Several lakes of varying size are also located near the fringes of the city. The major of them being the Dimna lake located in between the Dalma range and the Sitarampur reservoir situated beside Kharkai river. It is also a major tourist spot in the region. Both of them also act as reservoirs for drinking water in the city.
The city falls under deciduous type of forest region and the green cover is estimated to be around 33% of the total land area. The city falls under the Seismic Zone II region.
|hideClimate data for Jamshedpur, India (1981–2010, extremes 1924–2009)|
|Record high °C (°F)||33.4
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||31.1
|Average high °C (°F)||27.0
|Average low °C (°F)||11.8
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||7.7
|Record low °C (°F)||3.9
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||11.6
|Average rainy days||1.3||1.6||1.8||2.6||5.2||10.5||15.4||15.7||11.3||4.3||1.0||0.7||71.4|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||57||47||40||42||52||70||80||81||79||73||68||65||63|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
The central of the Jamshedpur has the commercial areas and main areas. In central of the Jamshedpur, there are neighbourhoods of Sakchi, Bistupur, Golmuri, Ambagan, SNP Area, Agrico, Cable Town, Namda Basti and The Tata Steel Plant Area. Sakchi and Bistupur are the main and major commercial neighbourhood and central business district and financial district. While Golmuri is the another major area of Jamshedpur. The Tata Steel Plant Area has the steel plant of Tata Steel. Ambangan and SNP Area came under Sakchi. While Agrico is the residential area. Aerial View of Downtown Sakchi The Western of the city has the areas of Adityapur, Gamharia and Sonari. Sonari is the residential and commercial neighbourhood. While Adityapur and Gamharia are the major industrial neighbourhhos. Adityapur is also a city and a part of Jamshedpur Gamharia has an Industrial area namely Industrial Area, Gamharia. Adityapur has the Adityapur Industrial Area. Adityapur have the NIT Jamshedpur. Jamshedpur Aerial View The northern of Jamshedpur has the neighbourhoods of Maango, Turyabera, Dimna etc. Maango consists of several residential hubs and commercial areas. Maango is also another different city which is also a part of the city of Jamshedpur. While Turyabera and Dimna are other areas. In northern side there is also a lake namely Dimna Lake. Northern of Jamshedpur is a way to the Dalma Wildlife Sanctuary. Eastern of the Jamshedpur contains other neighbourhoods and Villages. Here is Kharangajhar, which is a popular market and commercial area. Aerial view of Adityapur The Southern of Jamshedpur contains of Jugsalai, Birsanagar, Kadma, Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera. Jugsalai is the commercial area which is known for the wholesale market. while Birsanagar, Kadma and Bagbera consists of residential and commercial hubs. Burmamines, TELCO Colony, Bagbera Colony and Jojobera are the other main and major industrial areas of the city. Panoramic view of Jamshedpur from The Dalma Hills
Main article: List of neighbourhoods of Jamshedpur
Here is the list of localities/neighbourhoods in Jamshedpur
- Circuit House Area
- Northern Town
- Telco Colony
- Birsa Nagar
- Cable Town
- Loco colony