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Line of succession to the British throne

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The line of succession to the British throne is the order in which members of the royal family would come to the throne if the reigning king or queen died.

At present the first in line is Charles, Prince of Wales, followed by his eldest son, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and then Prince William's son, Prince George of Cambridge.

Traditionally, males came before females in the line of succession. However, the law changed on 26 March 2015, so at present, for people born after 28 October 2011 the succession is decided only by age: older children come before younger children. When someone who is in line to the throne has a child, that child comes after them and their older children, but before anyone else in the line of succession.

Excluded from the line of succession are Catholics and illegitimate children.

Line of succession[edit]

No official, complete version of the line of succession is currently maintained. Any person's actual position in the line of succession may change when people are born or when they die. This list shows only those people who are descended from the sons of George V.

Charles, Prince of Wales the heir apparent
  • Simple silver crown.svg King George V (1865–1936)
    • Simple silver crown.svg King Edward VIII (1894–1972)
    • Simple silver crown.svg King George VI (1895–1952)
      • Simple gold crown.svg Queen Elizabeth II (born 1926)
        • (1) Charles, Prince of Wales (b. 1948)
          • (2) Prince William, Duke of Cambridge (b. 1982) B D W
            • (3) Prince George of Cambridge (b. 2013) B D W
            • (4) Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (b. 2015) B D
            • (5) Prince Louis of Cambridge (b. 2018) B D
          • (6) Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex (b. 1984) B D W
            • (7) Archie Mountbatten-Windsor (b. 2019)
        • (8) Prince Andrew, Duke of York (b.1960) B D
          • (9) Princess Beatrice of York (b. 1988) B D W
          • (10) Princess Eugenie of York (b. 1990) B D W
        • (11) Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex (b. 1964) B D W
          • (12) James Mountbatten-Windsor, Viscount Severn (b. 2007) B D W
          • (13) Lady Louise Mountbatten-Windsor (b. 2003) B D W
        • (14) Princess Anne, Princess Royal (b. 1950) B D W
          • (15) Peter Phillips (b. 1977) B D W
          • (18) Zara Tindall (née Phillips; b. 1981) B D W
            • (19) Mia Tindall (b. 2014) W
            • (20) Lena Tindall (b. 2018)
      • Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon (1930–2002) 1952
        • (21) David Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon (b. 1961) D W
          • (22) Charles Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley (b. 1999) D W
          • (23) Lady Margarita Armstrong-Jones (b. 2002) D W
        • (24) Lady Sarah Chatto (née Armstrong-Jones; b. 1964) D W
          • (25) Samuel Chatto (b. 1996) D W
          • (26) Arthur Chatto (b. 1999) D W
    • Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (1900–1974) 1952
      • (27) Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1944) D W
        • (28) Alexander Windsor, Earl of Ulster (b. 1974) D W
          • (29) Xan Windsor, Lord Culloden (b. 2007) D W
          • (30) Lady Cosima Windsor (b. 2010) D W
        • (31) Lady Davina Windsor (previously Lewis b. 1977) D W
          • (32) Senna Lewis (b. 2010) D W
          • (33) Tāne Lewis (b. 2012) W
        • (34) Lady Rose Gilman (née Windsor; b. 1980) D W
          • (35) Lyla Gilman (b. 2010) D W
          • (36) Rufus Gilman (b. 2012) W
    • Prince George, Duke of Kent (1902–1942)
      • (37) Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (b. 1935) D W
        • (38) George Windsor, Earl of St Andrews (b. 1962) MC / D W
          • Edward Windsor, Lord Downpatrick (b. 1988) XC / D W
          • Lady Marina Charlotte Windsor (b. 1992) XC / W[n 1]
          • (39) Lady Amelia Windsor (b. 1995) D W
        • Lord Nicholas Windsor (b. 1970) XC / D W
          • (40) Albert Windsor (b. 2007) D W[n 2]
          • (41) Leopold Windsor (b. 2009) D W
          • (42) Louis Windsor (b. 2014) D W
        • (43) Lady Helen Taylor (née Windsor; b. 1964) D W
          • (44) Columbus Taylor (b. 1994) D W
          • (45) Cassius Taylor (b. 1996) D W
          • (46) Eloise Taylor (b. 2003) D W
          • (47) Estella Taylor (b. 2004) D W
      • (48) Prince Michael of Kent (b. 1942) MC / W
        • (49) Lord Frederick Windsor (b. 1979) W
          • (50) Maud Windsor (b. 2013) W
          • (51) Isabella Windsor (b. 2016)
        • (52) Lady Gabriella Windsor (b. 1981) W
      • (53) Princess Alexandra, The Honourable Lady Ogilvy (b. 1936) W
        • (54) James Ogilvy (b. 1964) W
          • (55) Alexander Ogilvy (b. 1996) W
          • (56) Flora Ogilvy (b. 1994) W
        • (57) Marina Ogilvy (b. 1966) W
          • (58) Christian Mowatt (b. 1993) W
          • (59) Zenouska Mowatt (b. 1990) W

Notes and sources:

XC Excluded as Roman Catholics. This exclusion will not be affected by the Succession to the Crown Act 2013.
MC These people were excluded through marriage to a Roman Catholic. This exclusion was repealed under s. 2(2) of the Succession to the Crown Act 2013, restoring them to the line of succession once it came into effect.
B listed by the official website of the British Monarchy, "Succession"
D listed on Debrett's website (as of 9 August 2013): "The Line of Succession to the British Throne"
W listed by Whitaker's Almanack 2013, London: Bloomsbury, ISBN 978-1-4081-7207-0 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png., p. 21
D88 Listed by Debretts (1988).[1]
1952 Succession as published on the accession of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952[2]


  1. Most sources, including Whitaker's Almanack, exclude her as a confirmed Catholic, but Debrett's includes her in line.
  2. Albert and Leopold Windsor were listed on The Official Website of the British Monarchy until 2015 and in the 2013 edition of Whitaker's Almanack as following Estella Taylor (b 2004) and eligible to succeed; MSN News, Debrett's and Whitaker's Almanack 2015 lists them after Lady Amelia Windsor and before Lady Helen Taylor. They were baptised as Catholics, and are not listed in line in editions of Whitaker's earlier than 2012.


  1. Williamson, David; Ellis, Patricia, eds. (1988). Debrett's Distinguished People of Today. Debrett's Peerage. p. 61. ISBN 0905649990. First 25 in succession as listed - Viscount [David] Lascelles being the 25th Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  2. "Line of succession to the Throne". The Sydney Morning Herald. 7 February 1952. Retrieved 24 June 2012.

This article "Line of succession to the British throne" is from Simple English Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:Line of succession to the British throne.

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