Four years prior to Rosa Parks's refusal to give up her seat to a white man, Bradford was charged the wrong bus fare and racially insulted by a bus driver in Montgomery, Alabama to which she protested by sitting at the front of the bus reserved only for white people in accordance with racist American laws against its Black citizens. She was arrested and charged for disorderly conduct.
Also known as Aurelia Shines Browder Coleman (January 29, 1919 – February 4, 1971). Almost eight months prior to the Rosa Sparks incident, Browder was arrested in Montgomery, Alabam for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white person.
Archibald James Carey Jr. (February 29, 1908 – April 20, 1981) was a lawyer, judge, politician, diplomat and clergyman. Confidante of Martin Luther King Jr., Carey was also active in the national Civil Rights Movement and worked to end employment discrimination in the U.S. government against Black Americans.
Claudette Colvin (September 5, 1939) is an American nurse and one of the pioneers of the Civil Rights Movement. Colvin was arrested on March 2, 1955, at the age of 15 in Montgomery, Alabama for refusing to give up her seat to a white woman on a crowded racially segregated bus. Colvin was also an NAACP Youth Council member in her student days.
Daughter of Eric Garner – the African American man who was choked to death by a New York City Police Officer. She was the founder of the Garner Way Foundation, a foundation named in honour of her father. The objective of the foundation is to "engage communities all over the world in social justice issues through political awareness, music, arts and activism."
↑Henneberg, Susan. James Baldwin: Groundbreaking Author and Civil Rights Activist, The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc (2014), p. 6-8, 66, ISBN9781477778975
↑Schwartz, Barry (June 2009). "Collective Forgetting and the Symbolic Power of Oneness: The Strange Apotheosis of Rosa Parks". Social Psychology Quarterly. 72 (2): 123–142. doi:10.1177/019027250907200204. JSTOR25593914.
↑Dickerson, Dennis C.; Lawson Jr., James M.; Vanderbilt University; & Historiographer, African Methodist Episcopal Church, The Wesleyan Witness in the US Civil Rights Movement: The Allen Legacy against 20th Century American Apartheid (Retrieved 7 Mach 2019)
↑Claudette Colvin Biography,
Activist, Civil Rights Activist, Medical Professional (1939–) [in] Biography.com Editors, A&E Television Networks, April 1, 2014 (Retrieved March 7, 2019)
↑Gray, Eliza (2009-03-02). A Forgotten Contribution: Before Rosa Parks, 15-year-old Claudette Colvin refused to give up her seat on the bus. Newsweek. 
↑Adler, Margot. Before Rosa Parks, There Was Claudette Colvin. NPR. March 15, 2009 
↑Foundations of African-American Sociology. Hampton University Department of Sociology. Hampton University. Retrieved 7 March 2017. From Melvin Barber; Leslie Innis; Emmit Hunt, African American Contributions to Sociology. 
↑Goldhill, Olivia (November 15, 2016). We can feel sad, hurt, demoralized. But we can't give up : A Black Lives Matter founder on Trump's presidency. Quartz 
↑Garza, Alicia, Herstory. Black Lives Matter (Retrieved 7 March 2019)
↑Queerness on the front lines of #BlackLivesMatter. MSNBC. February 19, 2015. (video)