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List of Canadian expatriates in foreign political positions

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This page lists Canadians (those born in Canada or who have previously held Canadian Citizenship) who have served in political positions outside of Canada. When an individual has held multiple political offices (such as Bonar Law) the higher office attained is listed. This list does not include individuals who served in political offices which were later absorbed into Canadian Confederation, such as those who served in the Dominion of Newfoundland.

Head of State[edit]

  Indicates birth or residence in a pre-Confederated colony or dominion.

Individual Position Country Years Notes
Frederick Broome Governor of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 1891–1897 Born in Canada
Ted Leather Governor of Bermuda Bermuda 1973–1977 Born in Toronto, Ontario
Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga President of Latvia Latvia 1999–2007 Arrived in Canada as a refugee in the 1950s. Renounced her Canadian Citizenship upon being elected President of Latvia.

Head of Government[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
Bonar Law Prime Minister of the United Kingdom United Kingdom 1922–1923 Born in Kingston, New Brunswick
Paula Cox Premier of Bermuda Bermuda 2010–2012 Born in Canada

Leader of a State or Province[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
Jacob Dolson Cox Governor of Ohio United States 1866–1868 Born in Montreal, Quebec (to American parents)
Frank Bell Governor of Nevada United States 1890–1891 Born in Toronto, Ontario
Aram J. Pothier Governor of Rhode Island United States 1909–1915
1925–1928
Born in Quebec
Oswald West Governor of Oregon United States 1911–1915 Born in Guelph, Ontario
Frank Henry Cooney Governor of Montana United States 1933–1935 Born in Norwood, Ontario
Stan Stephens Governor of Montana United States 1989–1993 Born in Calgary, Alberta
Leneen Forde Governor of Queensland Australia 1992–1997 Born in Ottawa, Ontario
Jennifer Granholm Governor of Michigan United States 2003–2011 Born in Vancouver, British Columbia

Member of a federal legislature[edit]

Australia[edit]

Individual Position State Years Notes
Simon Fraser Senate Victoria 1901–1913 Born in Pictou, Nova Scotia
Doug Cash House of Representatives Western Australia 1958–1961 Born in Manitoba
Nigel Bowen House of Representatives New South Wales 1964–1973 Born in Summerland, British Columbia
Larissa Waters Senate Queensland 2011–2017 Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba

Italy[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
Gino Bucchino Member of the Chamber of Deputies Italy 2006–present Naturalized Canadian. Represents Italians in North America

New Zealand[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
George Armstrong Member of Parliament New Zealand 1866–1870 Born in Nova Scotia

United Kingdom[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1891–1921
Edward Blake Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1892–1906 Born in Upper Canada. Also served as Premier of Ontario and Canadian federal MP
Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1897–1914 Born in Scotland. Also served as a Canadian Member of Parliament
Arthur Haliburton, 1st Baron Haliburton Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1898–1907 Born in Nova Scotia
Charles Ramsay Devlin Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1903–1906 Born in Lower Canada. Also served in Canada.
J. Allen Baker Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1905–1918 Born in Trenton, Ontario
Thomas Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1916–1923 Born in the United States. Canadian Railroad Baron
Max Aitken, 1st Baron Beaverbrook Member of Parliament, Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1910–1916, 1917–1964 Canadian Press Baron, served in Winston Churchill's war cabinet
Hugh Graham, 1st Baron Atholstan Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1917–1938 Canadian Press Baron, while elevator to the peerage, he never formally took his seat in the house of lords.
Edward Morris, 1st Baron Morris Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1918–1935 former Prime Minister of Newfoundland
John Elsdale Molson Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1918–1923 Born in Canada
William Pirrie, 1st Viscount Pirrie Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1921–1924 Born in Quebec
Philip Noel-Baker, Baron Noel-Baker Member of Parliament, Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1929–1931, 1936–1970, 1970-1982 Born in England to a Canadian-born father
Hugh Molson, Baron Molson Member of Parliament, Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1931–1935, 1939–1961, 1961–1991
Beverley Baxter Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1935–1964 Born in Toronto
Michael William Morris, 2nd Baron Morris Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1935–1975 Son of Edward Morris, inherited title
R. B. Bennett Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1941–1947 former Prime Minister of Canada
Sir Max Aitken, 2nd Baronet Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1945–1950 Born in Montreal to Lord Beaverbrook. Disclaimed his father's title.
William Aitken Member of Parliament United Kingdom 1950–1964 Born in Nova Scotia
Roy Thomson, 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1964–1976 Born in Toronto. Renounced his Canadian Citizenship to take his seat.
Kenneth Thomson, 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1976–1999 Son of Roy Thomson, did not bother taking his seat in the House of Lords.
Oliver Peter St John, 9th Earl of Orkney Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 1998–1999 Lives in Manitoba. Removed by the House of Lords Act 1999
Conrad Black, Baron Black of Crossharbour Member of the House of Lords United Kingdom 2001–present Born in Canada, renounced his Canadian Citizenship to become a British Lord. Currently on leave of absence.

United States[edit]

Individual Position State Years Notes
Charles Wentworth Upham Representative Massachusetts 1853–1855 Born in Saint John, New Brunswick
James Nesmith Senator
Representative
Oregon 1861–1867
1873–1875
Born in New Brunswick (to American parents)
John F. Farnsworth Representative Illinois 1863–1873 Born in Eaton, Canada (possibly Cookshire-Eaton, Quebec)
John Fox Representative New York 1867–1871 Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick
James H. Platt Jr. Representative Virginia 1867–1871 Born in Saint John, New Brunswick
John M. Davy Representative New York 1875–1877 Born in Ottawa, Ontario
Andrew Williams Representative New York 1875–1877 Born in Ormstown, Quebec
Jacob Dolson Cox Representative Ohio 1877–1879 Born in Montreal, Quebec (to American parents)
David H. Armstrong Senator Missouri 1877–1879 Born in Nova Scotia
William W. Grout Representative Vermont 1881–1883
1885–1901
Born in Compton, Quebec (to American parents)
James Henry McLean Representative Missouri 1882–1883 Born in Ayrshire, Scotland, immigrated to Nova Scotia during his youth before relocating to the United States.
Isaac Stephenson Representative
Senator
Wisconsin 1883–1889
1907–1915
Born in Yorkton, New Brunswick
Jacob Harold Gallinger Representative
Senator
New Hampshire 1885–1889
1891–1918
Born in Cornwall, Ontario
John L. MacDonald Representative Minnesota 1887–1889 Born in Glasgow, Scotland, immigrated to Nova Scotia during his youth before relocating to the United States.
William James Connell Representative Nebraska 1889–1891 Born in Cowansville, Quebec
James McMillan Senator Michigan 1889–1902 Born in Hamilton, Ontario
Samuel M. Stephenson Representative Michigan 1889–1897 Born in Hartland, New Brunswick
David Archibald Harvey Delegate Oklahoma Territory 1890–1893 Born in Stewiacke, Nova Scotia
James Castle Representative Minnesota 1891–1893 Born in Shefford, Quebec
Jerry Simpson Representative Kansas 1891–1895
1897–1899
Born in Prince Edward Island
John L. Jolley Representative South Dakota 1891–1893 Born in Montreal, Quebec
James McCleary Representative Minnesota 1893–1907 Born in Ingersoll, Ontario
Arthur H. Taylor Representative Indiana 1893–1895 Born in Caledonia Springs, Ontario
William J. White Representative Ohio 1893–1895 Born in Rice Lake, Ontario
Samuel A. Cook Representative Wisconsin 1895–1901 Born in Ontario
Alexander M. Hardy Representative Indiana 1895–1897 Born in Simcoe, Ontario
Alexander Stewart Representative Wisconsin 1895–1901 Born in Fredericton, New Brunswick
William Connell Representative Pennsylvania 1897–1903
1904–1905
Born in Sydney, Nova Scotia
James A. Hughes Representative West Virginia 1901–1915
1927–1930
Born in Corunna, Ontario
Thomas Kearns Senator Utah 1901–1905 Born in Woodstock, Ontario
Joseph Millard Senator Nebraska 1901–1907 Born in Hamilton, Ontario
Bernard Shandon Rodey Delegate New Mexico Territory 1901–1905 Born in County Mayo, Ireland, immigrated to Sherbrooke, Quebec during his youth before relocating to the United States.
Philip P. Campbell Representative Kansas 1903–1923 Born in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia
Alfred Lucking Representative Michigan 1903–1905 Born in Ingersoll, Ontario
Duncan E. McKinlay Representative California 1905–1911 Born in Orilla, Ontario
Archibald C. Hart Representative New Jersey 1912–1913
1913–1917
Born in Lennoxville, Quebec
Robert G. Bremner Representative New Jersey 1913–1914 Born in Reiss, Scotland, immigrated to Orangeville, Ontario during his youth before relocating to the United States.
Jacob Falconer Representative Washington 1913–1915 Born in Ontario
George M. Young Representative North Dakota 1913–1924 Born in Lakelet, Ontario
James H. Sinclair Representative North Dakota 1919–1935 Born in St. Marys, Ontario
William W. Chalmers Representative Ohio 1921–1923
1925–1931
Born in Strathroy, Ontario
Samuel D. Nicholson Senator Colorado 1921–1923 Born in Springfield, Prince Edward Island
Elliott W. Sproul Representative Illinois 1921–1931 Born in Apohaqui, New Brunswick
Daniel Sutherland Delegate Alaska Territory 1921–1931 Born in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia
James J. Couzens Senator Michigan 1922–1936 Born in Chatham, Ontario
Charles Aubrey Eaton Representative New Jersey 1925–1953 Born in Pugwash, Nova Scotia
Louis Monast Representative Rhode Island 1927–1929 Born in Marieville de Monior, Iberville, Quebec
William R. Eaton Representative Colorado 1929–1933 Born in Pugwash, Nova Scotia
Felix Hebert Senator Rhode Island 1929–1935 Born in Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec
J. Lincoln Newhall Representative Kentucky 1929–1931 Born in Hunterstown, Quebec
Michael J. Hart Representative Michigan 1931–1935 Born in Waterloo, Quebec
James E. Murray Senator Montana 1934–1961 Born in St. Thomas, Ontario
Albert G. Rutherford Representative Pennsylvania 1937–1941 Born in Watford, Ontario
Alphonse Roy Representative New Hampshire 1938–1939 Born in Saint-Simon, Montérégie, Quebec
George F. Rogers Representative New York 1945–1947 Born in Harwood, Ontario
Chase G. Woodhouse Representative Connecticut 1945–1947
1949–1951
Born in Victoria, British Columbia
John C. Mackie Representative Michigan 1965–1967 Born in Toronto, Ontario
Weston E. Vivian Representative Michigan 1965–1967 Born in the Dominion of Newfoundland
S. I. Hayakawa Senator California 1977–1983 Born in Vancouver, British Columbia
Geoff Davis Representative Kentucky 2005–2012 Born in Montreal, Quebec (to American parents)
Ted Cruz Senator Texas 2013–present Born in Calgary, Alberta
Sean Patrick Maloney Representative New York 2013–present Born in Sherbrooke, Quebec (to American parents)

Cabinet Ministers[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
Jacob Dolson Cox Secretary of the Interior United States 1869–1870 Born in Montreal, Quebec (to American parents)
Franklin Knight Lane Secretary of the Interior United States 1913–1920 Born in DeSable, Prince Edward Island
Nigel Bowen Minister for Education and Science
Attorney-General for Australia
Minister for Foreign Affairs
Australia 1966–1972 Born in Summerland, British Columbia
Gojko Šušak Minister of Defense Croatia 1991–1998 Naturalized Canadian
Gregory So Secretary for Commerce and Economic Development Hong Kong 2011–2017 Naturalized Canadian. Renounced Citizenship upon accepting his position.

Municipal[edit]

Individual Position Country Years Notes
Solomon Juneau founding Mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin United States 1846 Born in Repentigny, Quebec to Metis parents
Damien Marchesseault Mayor of Los Angeles, California United States 1859–1860, 1861–1865, 1867 Born in Saint-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec
Ezra Millard Mayor of Omaha, Nebraska United States 1869–1871 Born in Ontario
Joseph Medill Mayor of Chicago, Illinois United States 1870–1872 Born in New Brunswick
Joseph Millard Mayor of Omaha, Nebraska United States 1872–1873 Born in Hamilton, Ontario
Woodford A. Yerxa Mayor of Fargo, North Dakota United States 1883–1885 born in St. John's, New Brunswick, Canada, March 1856
Charles Scott Mayor of Fargo, North Dakota United States 1886–1887 Born in Canada about 1850
Walter Lambert Mayor of Wyandotte, Michigan United States 1895–1897 Born in Amherstberg, Canada
Samuel Dickie Mayor of Albion, Michigan United States 1896–1897 Born in Burford Township, Ontario
Finlay Ross Mayor of Wichita, Kansas United States 1897–1900, 1905–1906 Born in Toronto, Ontario
Victor A. Alderson Mayor of Wausau, Wisconsin United States 1900 Born in Summerville, Ontario
Benjamin Franklin McLean Mayor of Wichita, Kansas United States 1901–1904, 1923–1924 Born in Canada
Owen McAleer Mayor of Los Angeles, California United States 1901–1904, 1923–1924 Born in Canada
J. Stitt Wilson Mayor of Berkeley, California United States 1911–1913 Born in Canada
James J. Couzens Mayor of Detroit, Michigan United States 1919–1922 Born in Chatham, Ontario
Hubert S. Amiot Mayor of Wyandotte, Michigan United States 1922–1927 Born in Windsor, Ontario
Jon Heese Tsukuba city councilor Japan 2008–present Born in Manitoba. Renounced his citizenship to become a Japanese national

High Office in a Foreign Political Party[edit]

Individual Party Country Years Notes
Jack Kavanagh Communist Party of Australia Australia 1930s

Misc[edit]

  • Joe Juneau - Founder of the City of Juneau, Alaska - Born in Quebec
  • Abdullahi Afrah - Naturalized Canadian who led the Islamic Courts Union, attempting to take over the government of Somalia. May have served as Minister of Trade in 2007 [1]
  • Elie Vézina - Special United States Ambassador to Haiti. Born in Quebec [2]


This article "List of Canadian expatriates in foreign political positions" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical and/or the page Edithistory:List of Canadian expatriates in foreign political positions. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.


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