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List of Muslim doctors

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki
This is a sub-article to List of Muslim scientists and a parallel article to Islamic medicine.

A Muslim doctor is a doctor that professes Islam and/or is engaged in the practice of Islamic medicine.


  • Al-Kindi (Alkindus) (801-873), pioneer of pharmacology[1]
  • Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman) (810-887)
  • Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari, pioneer of medical encyclopedia[2]
  • Ahmed ibn Sahl al-Balkhi
  • Ishaq bin Ali al-Rahwi (854–931), pioneer of peer review and medical peer review[3]
  • Abul Hasan al-Tabari - physician
  • Ali ibn Sahl Rabban al-Tabari - physician
  • Ibn Al-Jazzar
  • Ali ibn Abbas al-Majusi (d. 994), pioneer of obstetrics and perinatology[4]
  • Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis) - father of modern surgery, and pioneer of neurosurgery,[5] craniotomy,[4] hematology[6] and dental surgery[7]
  • Ibn al-Haytham (Alhacen), pioneer of eye surgery, visual system[8] and visual perception[9]
  • Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī
  • Avicenna (Ibn Sina) (980-1037) - father of modern medicine,[10] founder of Unani medicine,[6] pioneer of experimental medicine, evidence-based medicine, pharmaceutical sciences, clinical pharmacology,[11] aromatherapy,[12] pulsology and sphygmology,[13] and also a philosopher
  • Al-Tamimi, the physician (d. 990)
  • Ibn Miskawayh
  • Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar) - father of experimental surgery,[14] and pioneer of experimental anatomy, experimental physiology, human dissection, autopsy[15] and tracheotomy[16]
  • Ibn Bajjah (Avempace)
  • Ibn Tufail (Abubacer)
  • Averroes
  • Ibn al-Baitar
  • Mehmet Oz Famous American-Turkish heart surgeon, the founder and chairman of HealthCorps
  • Mohammad Samir Hossain, a theorist[17] author and one of the few Muslim scientists[18] in the field of Death anxiety (psychology) research.[19][20]
  • Nasir al-Din Tusi
  • Ibn al-Nafis (1213–1288), father of circulatory physiology, pioneer of circulatory anatomy,[21] and founder of Nafisian anatomy, physiology,[22] pulsology and sphygmology[23]
  • Kamāl al-Dīn al-Fārisī
  • Ibn al-Khatib (1313–1374)
  • Mansur ibn Ilyas
  • Frederick Akbar Mahomed (d. 1884), made substantial contributions to study of hypertension and process of clinical trials[24]
  • Saghir Akhtar - pharmacist
  • Sania Nishtar Pakistani cardiologist, author and activist, working for WHO
  • Toffy Musivand
  • Muhammad B. Yunus, the "father of our modern view of fibromyalgia"[25]
  • Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, pioneer of biomedical research in space[26][27]
  • Agha (Hakim) Muhammad Baqir, authority on Unani medicine, Chief Physician to the Maharaja of Kashmir[28][29]
  • Hakim Muhammad Said - specialist in Unani medicine, author.
  • Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman - specialist in Unani medicine, author and founder of Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences.
  • Ibrahim B. Syed - radiologist
  • Syed Ziaur Rahman - specialist in Pharmacology
  • Nizam Peerwani
  • Hasnat Khan
  • Syed Faizan Ahmad
  • Rafiuddin Ahmed (dentist) - India's first qualified professional dental surgeon and pioneer of Dental education


  1. Felix Klein-Frank (2001), Al-Kindi, in Oliver Leaman and Hossein Nasr, History of Islamic Philosophy, p. 172. Routledge, London.
  2. Haque, Amber (2004). "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Ahsanul Haque- Hematology/Oncology Psychologists". Journal of Religion and Health. 43 (4): 357–377 [375]. doi:10.1007/s10943-004-4302-z.
  3. Spier, Ray (2002). "The history of the peer-review process". Trends in Biotechnology. 20 (8): 357–358 [357]. doi:10.1016/s0167-7799(02)01985-6. PMID 12127284.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ezzat Abouleish, "Contributions Of Islam To Medicine", in Shahid Athar (1993), Islamic Perspectives in Medicine, Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  5. Martin-Araguz, A.; Bustamante-Martinez, C.; Fernandez-Armayor, Ajo V.; Moreno-Martinez, J. M. (2002). "Neuroscience in al-Andalus and its influence on medieval scholastic medicine". Revista de Neurología. 34 (9): 877–892.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Patricia Skinner (2001), Unani-tibbi Archived 2008-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine
  7. Henry W. Noble, PhD (2002), Tooth transplantation: a controversial story Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine, History of Dentistry Research Group, Scottish Society for the History of Medicine.
  8. Bashar Saad, Hassan Azaizeh, Omar Said (October 2005). "Tradition and Perspectives of Arab Herbal Medicine: A Review", Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2 (4), p. 475-479 [476]. Oxford University Press.
  9. Bradley Steffens (2006). Ibn al-Haytham: First Scientist, Chapter 5. Morgan Reynolds Publishing. ISBN 1-59935-024-6 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png..
  10. Cas Lek, Cesk (1980). "The father of medicine, Avicenna, in our science and culture: Abu Ali ibn Sina (980-1037)". Becka J. 119 (1): 17–23.
  11. Tschanz, David W. (2003). "Arab Roots of European Medicine". Heart Views. 4: 2.
  12. Marlene Ericksen (2000). Healing with Aromatherapy, p. 9. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-658-00382-8 Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png..
  13. Hajar, Rachel (1999). "The Greco-Islamic Pulse". Heart Views. 1 (4): 136–140 [138–140].
  14. Abdel-Halim, Rabie E. (2006). "Contributions of Muhadhdhab Al-Deen Al-Baghdadi to the progress of medicine and urology". Saudi Medical Journal. 27 (11): 1631–1641.
  15. Islamic medicine, Hutchinson Encyclopedia.
  16. A. I. Makki. "Needles & Pins", AlShindagah 68, January-February 2006.
  17. Theories on Death and Dying, Lines-2,3, in Additional Lifespan Development Topics, page-4, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., Retrieved from http://glencoe.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/0078883601/680442/Additional_Lifespan_Development_Topics.pdf
  18. Md Zakaria Siddique, Reviewing the Phenomenon of Death—A Scientific Effort from the Islamic World, page-1, Death Studies, 2009. Retrieved from http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07481180802602824?journalCode=udst20#.Ux1bGKw-bBI
  19. Additional Lifespan Development Topics, McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., pages 4,5. Retrieved from http://glencoe.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/dl/free/0078883601/680442/Additional_Lifespan_Development_Topics.pdf
  20. Karen Meyers, Robert N. Golden, Fred Peterson. Infobase Publishing, 2009, 106 page. Retrieved from https://books.google.com/books?id=V-wan_XhkzcC&pg=PA106&lpg=PA106&dq=Mohammad+Samir+Hossain
  21. Reflections, Chairman's (2004). "Traditional Medicine Among Gulf Arabs, Part II: Blood-letting". Heart Views. 5 (2): 74–85 [80].
  22. Nahyan A. G. Fancy (2006), "Pulmonary Transit and Bodily Resurrection: The Interaction of Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in the Works of Ibn al-Nafīs (died 1288)", pp. 3 & 6, Electronic Theses and Dissertations, University of Notre Dame.[1]
  23. Nahyan A. G. Fancy (2006), "Pulmonary Transit and Bodily Resurrection: The Interaction of Medicine, Philosophy and Religion in the Works of Ibn al-Nafīs (died 1288)", pp. 224-228, Electronic Theses and Dissertations, University of Notre Dame.[2]
  24. O'Rourke, Michael F. (1992). "Frederick Akbar Mahomed". Hypertension. 19 (2): 212–217 [212]. doi:10.1161/01.hyp.19.2.212. PMC 2308176. PMID 1737655.
  25. Winfield, John B. (2007). "Fibromyalgia and Related Central Sensitivity Syndromes: Twenty-five Years of Progress". Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism. 36 (6): 335–338. doi:10.1016/j.semarthrit.2006.12.001. PMID 17303220.
  26. theStar (2007). "Tapping into space research". TheStar. Archived from the original on October 11, 2007. Retrieved September 22, 2007.
  27. theStar (2007). "Mission in space". TheStar. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 13 October 2007.
  28. "Libas | New Fashion".
  29. [3]

See also[edit]

  • List of Muslim scholars
  • List of people by belief
  • List of Muslims

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