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List of Muslim scientists

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This is a list of Muslim scientists who have contributed significantly to science and civilization.

Astronomers and astrologers[edit | edit source]


Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists[edit | edit source]

Chemists and alchemists[edit | edit source]

Economists and social scientists[edit | edit source]

Geographers and earth scientists[edit | edit source]

Mathematicians[edit | edit source]

Further information: Islamic mathematics: Biographies

Philosophers[edit | edit source]

For a detailed list of Muslim philosophers, refer to the List of Muslim philosophers, for an exhaustive list of widely-known philosophers with Muslim faith or Islamic background, including modern day philosophers from Muslim community, a list is given here;

Physicians and surgeons[edit | edit source]

Physicists and engineers[edit | edit source]

Political scientists[edit | edit source]

Notes[edit | edit source]

  1. Haque 2004, p. 375.
  2. Saoud 2004.
  3. Haque 2004, p. 361.
  4. Deuraseh & Abu Talib 2005.
  5. Haque 2004, p. 362.
  6. Haque 2004, p. 363.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Martin-Araguz et al. 2002.
  8. Khaleefa 1999.
  9. Iqbal 1934.
  10. Safavi-Abbasi, Brasiliense & Workman 2007.
  11. Nasr & Leaman 1996.
  12. Russell 1994.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Death and Dying 2009.
  14. Siddique 2009.
  15. Meyers, Golden & Peterson 2009.
  16. Warren 2005.
  17. Zahoor 1997.
  18. Vallely 2006.
  19. "All Nobel Laureates in Chemistry". The Nobel Prize.
  20. Rosenthal 1950, p. 559.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 Ahmed 1984.
  22. Khan 2000.
  23. Ahmed 2002.
  24. 24.0 24.1 24.2 Mowlana 2001.
  25. Abdalla 2007.
  26. Ahmed 1999.
  27. 27.0 27.1 Akhtar 1997.
  28. Oweiss 1988.
  29. Boulakia 1971.
  30. ul Haq 1995.
  31. Sen 2000.
  32. "Mas'udi, al-". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006.
  33. Gari 2002.
  34. Gandz 1936.
  35. Nanisetti 2006.
  36. Template:MacTutor Biography
  37. Al Deek 2004.
  38. Thiele 2005.
  39. Al-Khalili 2009.
  40. Rozhanskaya & Levinova 1996.
  41. Bond 2003.
  42. Blair 1995.
  43. IslamOnline 2008.

References[edit | edit source]

  • Haque, Amber (2004). "Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Early Muslim Scholars and Challenges to Contemporary Muslim Psychologists". Journal of Religion and Health. 43 (4): 357–377. doi:10.1007/s10943-004-4302-z.
  • Saoud, R (March 2004). "The Arab Contribution to the Music of the Western World" (PDF). Foundation for Science, Technology and Civilization. Retrieved 2007-01-12.
  • Deuraseh, Nurdeen; Abu Talib, Mansor (2005). "Mental health in Islamic medical tradition". The International Medical Journal. 4 (2): 76–79.
  • Martin-Araguz, A.; Bustamante-Martinez, C.; Fernandez-Armayor, Ajo V.; Moreno-Martinez, J. M. (2002). "Neuroscience in al-Andalus and its influence on medieval scholastic medicine". Revista de neurología. 34 (9): 877–892. doi:10.33588/rn.3409.2001382.
  • Iqbal, Muhammad (1934). "The Spirit of Muslim Culture". The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam. Oxford University Press. OCLC 934310562.
  • Rosenthal, Franz (1950). "Al-Asturlabi and as-Samaw'al on Scientific Progress". Osiris. 9: 555–564. doi:10.1086/368538.
  • "Additional Lifespan Development Topics: Theories on Death and Dying" (PDF). McGraw-Hill Companies. 2009. p. 4.
  • Khaleefa, Omar (Summer 1999). "Who Is the Founder of Psychophysics and Experimental Psychology?". American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences. 16 (2).
  • Blair, Betty (1995). "Behind Soviet Aeronauts". Azerbaijan International. 3 (3).
  • Bond, Peter (7 April 2003). "Obituary: Lt-Gen Kerim Kerimov". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2009-04-13.
  • Ahmed, Akbar S. (1984). "Al-Beruni: The First Anthropologist". RAIN. 60: 9–10.
  • Gandz, Solomon (1936). "The sources of al-Khwarizmi's algebra". Osiris. 1: 263–277. doi:10.1086/368426.
  • Nanisetti, Serish (June 23, 2006). "Father of algorithms and algebra". The Hindu.
  • "Farouk El-Baz: With Apollo to the Moon". IslamOnline. Archived from the original on 2008-02-21.
  • Rozhanskaya, Mariam; Levinova, I. S. (1996). "Statics". In Rashed, Roshdi. Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science. 2. London: Routledge. p. 642.
  • Al-Khalili, Jim (2009-01-04). "The 'first true scientist'". BBC News. Retrieved 2014-04-11.
  • Thiele, Rüdiger (2005). "In Memoriam: Matthias Schramm". Arabic Sciences and Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. 15: 329–331. doi:10.1017/S0957423905000214.
  • Al Deek, Mahmoud (November–December 2004). "Ibn Al-Haitham: Master of Optics, Mathematics, Physics and Medicine". Al Shindagah.
  • Mowlana, H. (2001). "Information in the Arab World". Cooperation South Journal. 1.
  • Abdalla, Mohamad (Summer 2007). "Ibn Khaldun on the Fate of Islamic Science after the 11th Century". Islam & Science. 5 (1): 61–7.
  • Ahmed, Salahuddin (1999). A Dictionary of Muslim Names. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. ISBN 1-85065-356-9.
  • Akhtar, S. W. (1997). "The Islamic Concept of Knowledge". Al-Tawhid: A Quarterly Journal of Islamic Thought & Culture. 12 (3).
  • Oweiss, I. M. (1988). "Ibn Khaldun, the Father of Economics". Arab Civilization: Challenges and Responses. New York University Press. ISBN 0-88706-698-4.
  • Boulakia, Jean David C. (1971). "Ibn Khaldun: A Fourteenth-Century Economist". The Journal of Political Economy. 79 (5): 1105–1118. doi:10.1086/259818.
  • Sen, Amartya (2000). "A Decade of Human Development". Journal of Human Development. 1 (1): 17–23. doi:10.1080/14649880050008746.
  • ul Haq, Mahbub (1995). Reflections on Human Development. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-510193-6.
  • Safavi-Abbasi, S; Brasiliense, LBC; Workman, RK (2007). "The fate of medical knowledge and the neurosciences during the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongolian Empire". Neurosurgical Focus. 23 (1): 3.
  • Nasr, Seyyed Hossein; Leaman, Oliver (1996). History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 315, 1022–1023. ISBN 0-415-13159-6.
  • Russell, G. A. (1994). The 'Arabick' Interest of the Natural Philosophers in Seventeenth-Century England. Brill Publishers. pp. 224–262. ISBN 90-04-09459-8.
  • Siddique, Md. Zakaria (2009). "Reviewing the Phenomenon of Death—A Scientific Effort from the Islamic World". Death Studies. 33 (2). doi:10.1080/07481180802602824.
  • Meyers, Karen; Golden, Robert N.; Peterson, Fred (2009). The Truth about Death and Dying. Infobase Publishing. p. 106. ISBN 9781438125817.
  • Warren, John (2005). "War and the Cultural Heritage of Iraq: a sadly mismanaged affair". Third World Quarterly. 26 (4 & 5): 815–830. doi:10.1080/01436590500128048.
  • Zahoor, A. (1997). "JABIR IBN HAIYAN (Geber)". University of Indonesia. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30.
  • Vallely, Paul (11 March 2006). "How Islamic inventors changed the world". The Independent.
  • Ahmed, Akbar (2002). "Ibn Khaldun's Understanding of Civilizations and the Dilemmas of Islam and the West Today". Middle East Journal. 56 (1): 5.
  • Khan, Zafarul-Islam (15 January 2000). "At The Threshold Of A New Millennium – II". The Milli Gazette.
  • Gari, L. (2002). "Arabic Treatises on Environmental Pollution up to the End of the Thirteenth Century". Environment and History. 8 (4): 475–488. doi:10.3197/096734002129342747.


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