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List of sex symbols

From EverybodyWiki Bios & Wiki
Marilyn Monroe was one of Hollywood's most enduring sex symbols.[1]

A sex symbol is a celebrity figure or fictional character who is widely regarded as sexually attractive. Sex symbols are generally found among popular actors, musicians, supermodels, teen idols and athletes. The term was first used in the mid-1950s in relation to the popularity of certain film stars, including Marilyn Monroe, Brigitte Bardot, Marlon Brando, James Dean, and Raquel Welch.[2]

The following sections document the eras in which each listed individual became recognized as a sex symbol.

Before 1900[edit]

Person Year of
birth
Details
Hoppner, attributed - Mrs Mary Robinson as Perdita.jpg
Mary Robinson
1757 The Times's Deirdre Fernand said Mary Robinson was "the feminist sex symbol who scandalised England" by having affairs with the man who would become King George IV of the United Kingdom.[3]
George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron by Richard Westall (2).jpg
Lord Byron
1788 The scholar John Lauritsen wrote in The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide that Lord Byron was "the reigning male sex symbol of the early 19th century".[4] His persona was nurtured by his "flamboyant lifestyle", his "sporadic personal beauty" where he oscillated between corpulence and gauntness, and his relationships with women.[4] Author Mo Rocca said that Lord Byron turned into a sex symbol in 1811 after he authored the lengthy poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage that featured an "intense brooding hero".
Franz Liszt by Herman Biow- 1843.png
Franz Liszt
1811 Ivan Hewett called Liszt "the greatest sex symbol classical music has ever produced", which Hewett said "shows that looks are hardly the most important thing". As a youth, Liszt was very attractive, according to Hewett. Upon walking on the platform and soundlessly taking off his gloves, the women "swooned" over him. Although he had a wart on his face three decades later, women were still interested in him including one who pretended to be a male to travel through Europe following him.[5] Music professor Craig M. Wright found Liszt to be "the musical sex symbol of the Romantic era" who was "handsome, supremely talented, and equally self-confident".[6]
C Buchner - Lola Montez Guache 1847 (115).jpg
Lola Montez
1821 Irving Wallace and his coauthors wrote that Lola Montez was "the reigning sex symbol of her day" because her sensational theater acting captivated men and astonished women.[7] The scholar Mary C. Henderson said Montez was "the female sex symbol of her age" who "carved a notorious reputation on two continents" and had a short stint in theater performing the "Spider Dance".
Harvard Theatre Collection - Menken, Mazeppa, TCS 19.jpg
Adah Isaacs Menken
1835 Scholar Renée M. Sentilles noted that Menken was "a sex symbol who played male roles on stage".[8] Author Justin Martin called Menken "one of the great sex symbols of the nineteenth century".[9] The Central States Speech Journal said Menken, who became "a sex symbol in a time of Victorian prudery", was "the Marilyn Monroe of her day". Menken was similar to Monroe in that she was "known more for her voluptuousness than for her acting ability".[10]
Harvard Theatre Collection - Sarah Bernhardt, La Princesse Lointaine, TC-2.jpg
Sarah Bernhardt
1844 The historian Judith Bowers wrote that Sarah Bernhardt was "the greatest female sex symbol the stage had ever known".[11] In his autobiography, the journalist Maurice de Waleffe said that around 1900, he was in his Sofia hotel room adjacent to a French couple who were on their honeymoon.[12] The woman said, "Make love to me as if I were Sarah Bernhardt!"[12] University of East Anglia reader Stephen Wilson commented that Waleffe's account demonstrated how Bernhardt had turned into a "popular sex symbol".[12]
Lilly Langtry, 1885.jpg
Lillie Langtry
1853 Critic Rosamund Marriott Watson, while writing under the pseudonym Graham R. Tomson, said that George du Maurier's illustrations of Lillie Langtry produced a "new standard of beauty", which was "modernist aesthetics meets sex symbol" according to scholar Paul L. Fortunato.[13] Langtry exercised every day, giving her a strong figure.
Lillian Russell cph.3b20676.jpg
Lillian Russell
1860/1861 Scholar Brett Silverstein said Lillian Russell "may have been the most popular sex symbol this nation has ever known".

1900s–1920s[edit]

The early 20th century saw the emergence of stars of silent films.

Person Year of
birth
Details
Mata Hari 13.jpg
Mata Hari
1876 Mata Hari was a Dutch exotic dancer who performed at times partially nude. The author Joseph Bernard Hutton wrote in 1971 that said she despite her not measuring up to present-day standards of attractiveness, in her era she was "a glamorous sex symbol who excited the imagination of men of all nationalities".
Isadora Duncan portrait cropped.jpg
Isadora Duncan
1877/1878 The biographer Axel Madsen called Isadora Duncan the "sex symbol of intellectuals", whose art enticed artists, authors, and rich benefactors.[14]
Portrait of John Barrymore.jpg
John Barrymore
1882 A contemporary writer, Elinor Glyn, thought that he and Clara Bow were the only ones with a "sexual magnetism" Glyn called "It".[15]
Douglas Fairbanks cropped.jpg
Douglas Fairbanks
1883 The biographer Eve Golden said that Fairbanks' sex symbol status "easily rivale[d]" that of the actors John Gilbert and Rudolph Valentino. The 1920 film The Mark of Zorro and the 1922 film Douglas Fairbanks in Robin Hood helped establish his status as a sex symbol.[16]
Theda Bara 1921 Orval Hixon.jpg
Theda Bara
1885 Author Mary Flanagan wrote that Theda Bara was the "first cinematic sex symbol" whose "success as a sex symbol stems from her construction as a persona without a fixed personal history". Despite her being nearly 30 and having a background, for every one of her movie parts, Fox Film devised for her a new fake background related to the movie. Bara starred in the 1915 film A Fool There Was where she played a vampire, which resulted in the nickname "The Vamp". Bara's depiction in the film influenced women to choose "a new exotic look" that included "bobbed hair, thick bangs, pale facial makeup, dark red lips, and eyes accented with kohl liner and thick mascara". She maintained very long fingernails that had "sharply pointed ends". As "vampish women were viewed as mysterious, aggressive, and seductive", author Victoria Sherrow said Bara was "the movies' first sex symbol".[17]
Mae West LAT.jpg
Mae West
1893 American actress, singer, playwright, screenwriter and comedian[18]
John Gilbert publicity 1930s.JPG
John Gilbert
1897 The biographer Eve Golden called Gilbert "the screen's hottest hearthrob, the top male sex symbol of the late 1920s and one of MGM's box-office handchamps". She found him "handsome, mercurial, and very talented".[19] Jeanine Basinger, a film historian, said Gilbert was "the male equivalent of the female sex symbol" who influenced women to have amorous thoughts about him. Gilbert was able to portray a "handsome, passionate, somewhat brooding man" who simultaneously was also genuine and approachable, not someone who would be unreachable.[20]
Joan Crawford in Humoresque, 1946.jpg
Joan Crawford
1904/1908 Joan Crawford was one of the final flappers who were sex symbols. The author Scott Siegel said that she "soon crossed the fine line from sex symbol to glamour queen".[21] The Mercury News said she was "MGM's reigning sex symbol" in the 1930s.[22]
Clara Bow in Photoplay (October 1932).png
Clara Bow
1905 Clara Bow was the first cinematic sex symbol[23][24] History professor Patrick Huber called Bow "the greatest sex symbol and the biggest Hollywood star of the late 1920s".[25] Her portrayal of flappers, particularly her depiction of the alluring clerk in the 1927 film It, transformed Bow into a sex symbol who received the nickname "It Girl".[25] The nickname "It Girl" was used instead of "sex symbol" since the latter terminology would have been deemed obscene in Bow's era.[26] Frequently paid below-market wages and fighting to be given respect, she believed herself to be stuck in her sex symbol role, saying, "A sex symbol is a heavy load to carry when one is tired, hurt, and bewildered".[27]

1930s–1940s[edit]

With the transition to sound movies, the Golden Age of Hollywood promoted a new generation of glamorous stars. The war effort ushered in celebrity status for pin-up models, and movie stars were sent abroad to entertain troops.

Person Year of
birth
Details
Greta Garbo in a publicity image for "Anna Christie".jpg
Greta Garbo
1905 Greta Garbo was recruited from Sweden to the United States as a "glamour sex symbol".[citation needed]
Louise Brooks detail ggbain.32453u.jpg
Louise Brooks
1906 Louise Brooks, one of the most acclaimed performers during the silent film time period, was a sex symbol who wore the bob cut.[28] By 1928, the year she divorced film director A. Edward Sutherland, Brooks had experienced a swift ascent to stardom that made her a sex symbol.[29] Film critic John Anderson called her "a sex symbol of disturbing volatility", while Kenneth Tynan said she was "the most seductive, sexual image of Woman ever committed to celluloid".[30]

1950s–1960s[edit]

In the post-war era, the term sex symbol gained general acceptance. The sexual liberation of the 1960s allowed further free expression of desire and sexuality in popular culture.

Person Year of
birth
Details
Bettie Page-2.jpg
Bettie Page
1923 American pinup model[31]
Marilyn Monroe photo pose Seven Year Itch.jpg
Marilyn Monroe
1926 American actress[32]
Sophia Loren - 1959.jpg
Sophia Loren
1934 Italian actress[33]
Brigitte Bardot - 1962.jpg
Brigitte Bardot
1934 French actress[34]
Raquel welch 1979.jpg
Raquel Welch
1940 A publicity still of Loana the Fair One in One Million Years B.C., portrayed by Raquel Welch wearing a fur bikini, became a best-selling poster and turned her into an instant pin-up girl[35] and sex symbol.[36][37][38]

See also[edit]


Other articles of the topic Human sexuality : Strong Support, Jigglr, Outline of erotica and pornography, Seedfeeder
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  • Bombshell
  • Sex kitten

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. "BBC World Service - Witness, The Death of Marilyn Monroe". BBC. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  2. Flexner & Soukhanov (1997), p. 373
  3. Fernand, Deidre (31 October 2004). "Mary, Queen of shocks". The Times. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Lauritsen, John (Jan–Feb 2011). "Lord Byron's Taste in Men". The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide. Vol. 18 no. 1. Archived from the original on 25 January 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2016. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. Hewett, Ivan (21 April 2005). "Who needs this when the classics are already bursting with sex?". The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 30 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  6. Wright (2008), p. 283
  7. Wallace et al. (2008), p. 152
  8. Sentilles (2003), p. 3
  9. Downing, Ben (5 September 2014). "Book Review: 'Rebel Souls' by Justin Martin". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 30 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  10. Ritter, Charles C. (1963). "The Menken in Mephis". The Central States Speech Journal. 14. p. 92. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  11. Bowers (2007), p. 54
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Wilson (1982), p. 593
  13. Fortunato, Paul L. (Summer 2007). "Wildean Philosophy with a Needle and Thread: Consumer Fashion at the Origins of Modernist Aesthetics". College Literature: A Journal of Critical Literary Studies. Johns Hopkins University Press. 34 (3). doi:10.1353/lit.2007.0032. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  14. Madsen (2002), p. 45
  15. Furman & Furman (2000), p. 9
  16. Hudson (1987), p. 160
  17. Sherrow (2006), p. 49
  18. "Mae West, Hollywood's Sex Symbol, Dies". The Washington Post. November 23, 1980.
  19. Golden (2013), p. 1
  20. Basinger (2000), p. 371
  21. Siegel & Siegel (1990), p. 380
  22. Ross, Martha (13 September 2017). "Joan Crawford's crush on Bette Davis also fueled feud, Davis confidante says in new book". The Mercury News. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  23. Rausch (2003), p. 24
  24. Currell (2009), p. 112
  25. 25.0 25.1 Ciment (2015), p. 111
  26. Terry (2011), p. 30
  27. Harding (2012), p. 25
  28. Macnab, Geoffrey (4 June 2018). "Louise Brooks: The silent era It girl who became a film critic". The Independent. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  29. "Brooks, (Mary) Louise 1906-1985". Cengage. 20 June 2020. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020 – via Encyclopedia.com.
  30. Anderson, John (21 November 2019). "'The Chaperone' Review: Traveling Companions With Baggage". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 2 July 2020. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  31. Stephen Henderson (April 27, 1997). "Fans of Bettie Page, the 50's pinup queen, keep her image ageless". The New York Times.
  32. Nilsson, Jeff (1 June 2017). "9 Sex Symbols Before Marilyn Monroe". The Saturday Evening Post. Archived from the original on 30 June 2020. Retrieved 30 June 2020.
  33. Judy Klemesrud (September 22, 1977). "There's More to Sophia Loren Than Being a 'Sex Symbol'". The New York Times.
  34. Liz Smith (November 30, 2012). "Brigitte Bardot: The Sexiest of All Sex Symbols". HuffPost.
  35. Westcott, Kathryn (5 June 2006). "The Bikini: Not a brief affair". BBC News. Retrieved 17 September 2008.
  36. Bale, Miriam (10 February 2012). "The GQ&A: Raquel Welch". GQ. Retrieved 21 August 2013.
  37. Mansour, David (2005). From Abba to Zoom: a pop culture encyclopedia of the late 20th century. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 345. ISBN 978-0-7407-5118-9. Retrieved 28 August 2012. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  38. Gayomali, Chris (5 July 2011). "Top 10 Bikinis in Pop Culture". Time. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

Bibliography[edit]



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