Disney Digital Network

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Disney Digital Network
Maker Studios Inc. (2009–2017)
Founded 📆2009; 13 years ago (2009) (as Maker Studios Inc.)
May 2, 2017; 5 years ago (2017-05-02) (as Disney Digital Network)
Founders 👔Maker Studios:
Ben Donovan
Danny Zappin
Scott Katz
Lisa Donovan
Shay Carl
Philip DeFranco
Kassem G
Rawn Erickson II
Derek Jones
Paul Ballon[1][2]
Dave Days
Headquarters 🏙️,
Culver City, California
Area served 🗺️
Key people
Andrew Sugerman
Number of employees
ParentWalt Disney Direct-to-Consumer and International
🌐 Websiteddn.disney.com
📇 Address
📞 telephone

Disney Digital Network (formerly Maker Studios, Inc.) is an American multi-channel network located in Culver City, California, the same location as Sony Pictures Entertainment and Byron Allen's Entertainment Studios. The original Maker Studios was co-founded by Lisa Donovan, Danny Zappin, Scott Katz, Kassem G, Shay Carl, Rawn Erickson II, Ben Donovan,[3][4] and Philip DeFranco.[5] Shane Dawson was also involved with Lisa Donovan and Shay Carl during their collaboration on The Station.[6]

Outside the US, Maker has significant audiences in the UK, Brazil and Australia, and aims to expand its Asian operations, where it currently has 700 million monthly unique views. Run by Rene Rechtman, President for International, Maker is building a headquarters in London for its commercial, production and marketing activities outside the US. An Asian hub has been established in Singapore, offering limited commercial and marketing support until the business is larger.[7]

In December 2015, Maker became a subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company.[8][9] Since becoming a subsidiary, the company has suffered multiple rounds of layoffs, executive shuffling, and partners cut-offs.[10][11]

On May 2, 2017, Disney absorbed the studio into the newly formed Disney Digital Network.[9]


As Maker Studios (until 2017)[edit]

The logo of Maker Studios

In June 2012, Maker Studios announced that over 1,000 channels signed under the network have received and accumulated over 1.1 billion views for the month of June 2012.[12][13] YouTube channels under Maker Studios have also collectively earned over 90 million subscribers.[14] In October 2012, Maker Studios surpassed Machinima to become the number one independent YouTube network.[15] However, since that time, according to comScore, in December 2012, Fullscreen passed Maker to become the top ranked YouTube-based network.[16] In December 2012, shortly after the Ray William Johnson controversy, Maker announced that it had closed a $36 million round of financing led by Time Warner Investments.[17] The most popular Maker production is Epic Rap Battles of History, which averages 30 million views an episode.[18] Maker's most successful channel was PewDiePie, the most subscribed user on YouTube, who signed under the Maker sub-network Polaris and later RevelMode until February 13, 2017, when Maker dropped him as a result of jokes that were perceived to be anti-semitic.[19]

On March 24, 2014, Maker Studios, Inc. agreed to sell itself to The Walt Disney Company for $500 million, rising to $950 million if financial milestones were met.[20][21] On April 14, 2014, Relativity Media submitted a competing bid of up to $1.1 billion, but Maker denied the bid.[22] In December 2015, the company became a subsidiary of Disney Consumer Products and the Disney Interactive division of The Walt Disney Company.[8] The Network also partnered with Fusion TV in a deal that falls under the corporate umbrella of Mouse House.[23]

As Disney Digital Network (2017–present)[edit]

In February 2017, Maker Studios had around 60,000 YouTube partnerships, but announced that it intends to reduce this to about 1,000. Many partnered YouTubers had been unhappy with the terms of their contracts, including difficulty with ending contracts.[24] On May 2, 2017, Disney absorbed the studio into the newly formed Disney Digital Network.[9]

On January 19, 2018, Twitch signed a deal with Disney to secure exclusive content from some of the entertainment giant's top YouTubers, including Toby Turner, Markiplier and Jacksepticeye. A total of four YouTubers (with a combined total of over 44 million subscribers), are involved in the deal, and each will manage their own channels on Twitch.[25]

Key personnel[edit]

Courtney Holt was the chief strategy officer of Maker Studios.[26] Due to Danny Zappin stepping down as the company's CEO, Ynon Kreiz, former CEO and Chairman of Endemol became the CEO of Maker Studios in May 2013.[27] Prior to Kreiz becoming the CEO of Maker, he was the company's chairman.[28] Ryan Lissack is the current CTO of Maker Studios.[29] In December 2015, Courtney Holt replaced Ynon Kreiz as CEO, coming a year after Disney's acquisition of the group.[8]


Maker Studios produced videos for channels on YouTube, including Consider the Source, Tessa Violet, Yves Bole, KassemG, Timothy DeLaGhetto, Peter Shukoff and Lloyd Ahlquist's Epic Rap Battles of History, KingManProds,[30] Sam Macaroni, along with several others[31][32] that have almost as many viewers as Nickelodeon.[4] Maker's first three channels produced for YouTube included Maker Music Network, Tutele, and The Mom's View, with both Maker Music Network and Tutele channels shutting down within six months of their launch.[26][32][33] Maker Studios have also signed celebrities such as famous rapper Snoop Dogg and his YouTube channel WestFestTV,[14][34][35] actor Robert De Niro's Tribeca Enterprises,[36] and Kevin Smith.[37] PewDiePie was also signed under the Maker sub-network Polaris,[38] until Maker dropped him due to perceived anti-semitic jokes made on his channel.[19] Disney Digital Network produces Club Mickey Mouse, a 2017 reboot of The Mickey Mouse Club airing exclusively online on social media.[39][40]


Maker Studios formerly produced Ray William Johnson's Equals Three and Your Favorite Martian.[15] In October 2012, Johnson announced he would be leaving Maker Studios in an episode of Equals Three.[41][42] Johnson had also formed his own production studio, Runaway Machine (formerly Runaway Planet).[43][44] Johnson has stated online that he left Maker Studios due to the pressure the company put on him into signing a contract which gave Maker a 40% share of his channel's AdSense revenue and 50% of his show's intellectual property rights. Johnson stated that they were using "thuggish tactics" to pressure him into signing the contract, one of which was allegedly leveraging his AdSense account for the intellectual property rights to YourFavoriteMartian. He also claimed that Maker Studios CEO, Danny Zappin, is a convicted felon, which he was not made aware of, when teaming up with Maker Studios. Zappin later publicly admitted to this claim.[45][46][47][48]


  • Disney-Pixar
  • Star Wars
  • Marvel
  • Oh My Disney
  • Disney Style
  • Babble
  • Disney Family
  • Disney Eats
  • Polaris
  • The Platform

See also[edit]

  • List of YouTubers
  • List of multi-channel networks


  1. Todd Spangler (June 26, 2013). "Maker Studios Founder Danny Zappin Sues Company Over 'Ouster'". Variety. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  2. Eriq Gardner (June 27, 2013). "Maker Studios Power Struggle Detailed in Former CEO's Lawsuit". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  3. Laura Sydell (June 18, 2012). "Lights, Camera, YouTube: Studio Cashes In On An Entertainment Revolution". NPR. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Claire Cain Miller (April 10, 2011). "Actors in Smaller Studios, Making Pictures for the Smaller Screen". New York Times. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  5. "DRAW MY LIFE – Philip DeFranco". The Philip DeFranco Show. YouTube. April 10, 2013. Retrieved April 22, 2013.
  6. David Doe (August 28, 2009). "YouTube Stars Join Forces for "The Station"". TubeMogul. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  7. Will Haskins (June 4, 2014). "Maker Sets Sights on Asian Talent". Media Business Asia. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Mike Shields (December 15, 2015). "Maker Studios Head to Step Down". The Wall Street Journal.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 "Disney Reveals Digital Network Combining Maker Talent With Editorial Brands". Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  10. Roettgers, Janko (February 14, 2017). "Disney's Maker Studios Drops PewDiePie Because of Anti-Semitic Videos". Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  11. "Report: Disney's Maker Studios cutting support for more than 55,000 YouTubers". Polygon. February 23, 2017. Retrieved May 18, 2017.
  12. Joshua Cohen (June 30, 2012). "Maker Studios Gets One Billion Views ...a Month". Tubefilter. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  13. Matthew Manarino (June 28, 2012). "Maker Studios: 1 Billion YouTube Views in One Month". NewMediaRockstars. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  14. 14.0 14.1 Marc Graser (July 30, 2012). "'Fistful' of online content". Variety. Retrieved August 9, 2012.
  15. 15.0 15.1 Benny Luo (October 19, 2012). "Updated: Maker Studios Beats Machinima – Now Ranked the #1 Independent YouTube Network on Comscore". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved October 20, 2012.
  16. Ed Carrasco (January 15, 2013). "Fullscreen Now The #1 Independent YouTube Network According to ComScore". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved February 3, 2013.
  17. Ryan Lawler (December 20, 2012). "With 2 Billion Video Views A Month, Maker Studios Raises $36 Million Round Led By Time Warner". TechCrunch. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  18. Degen Pener (March 11, 2013). "SXSW: Maker Studios Execs on Turning Down TLC and How Mobile Views Threaten Revenue". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 27, 2013.
  19. 19.0 19.1 Roettgers, Janko (February 13, 2017). "Disney's Maker Studios Drops PewDiePie Because of Anti-Semitic Videos". Variety. Retrieved May 14, 2017.
  20. Fritz, Ben (March 25, 2014). "Disney to Buy Online-Video Network Maker Studios". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved March 25, 2014. (Subscription required (help)). Cite uses deprecated parameter |subscription= (help)
  21. Barnes, Brooks (March 24, 2014). "Disney Buys Maker Studios, Video Supplier for YouTube". New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2014.
  22. Spangler, Todd (April 14, 2014). "Maker Studios Says Disney Acquisition Is Approved by Shareholders, Who Reject Relativity Bid". Variety. Retrieved April 15, 2014.
  23. Spangler, Todd (October 13, 2014). "Disney's Maker Studios Teams with Disney-Backed Fusion to Produce Block of TV Programming". Variety. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
  24. Cecilia D'Anastasio (March 1, 2017). "Some YouTubers are overjoyed that Maker Studios is firing them". Kotaku. Retrieved March 3, 2017.
  25. http://www.eurogamer.net/articles/2018-01-18-twitch-announces-deal-to-broadcast-exclusive-content-from-some-of-disneys-top-youtubers
  26. 26.0 26.1 Glenn Peoples (October 31, 2011). "Courtney Holt, Former MySpace Music President, Named CEO of Maker Studios, Maximillian DeStefano, stock marketer for maker". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  27. Peter Kafka (May 7, 2013). "Maker Studios CEO Danny Zappin Steps Down, Replaced by Endemol Vet Ynon Kreiz". All Things D. Retrieved May 20, 2013.
  28. Daniel Miller (June 26, 2012). "Ynon Kreiz Joins Maker Studios as Chairman (Exclusive)". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  29. Michael Carney (April 10, 2012). "Maker Studios Hires Former Salesforce Exec Ryan Lissack as CTO". Pando Daily. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  30. Chaz Kangas (March 1, 2012). "Maker Studios Is Flush With YouTube Cash". LA Weekly. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  31. Mike Shields (February 15, 2012). "YouTube Natives Topping Big Names Early on Mom, science channels off to solid starts; eggheads, Demand Media struggle". Adweek. Retrieved July 7, 2012.
  32. 32.0 32.1 Daniel Miller (January 11, 2012). "Maker Studios". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  33. Michael Humphrey (November 7, 2011). "Maker Studios: The YouTube Savants Talk Channel Expansion". Forbes. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  34. Drew Baldwin (June 29, 2012). "Maker Studios CEO Danny Zappin on Signing Snoop Dogg". Tubefilter. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  35. Daniel Frankel (June 29, 2012). "Maker Studios fires up Snoop Dogg partnership". Paidcontent. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
  36. Joshua Cohen (May 2, 2012). "Robet De Niro's Tribeca Enterprises Partners with Maker Studios on YouTube Channel". Tubefilter. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  37. Joshua Cohen (January 14, 2013). "Kevin Smith Signs with Maker Studios". Tubefilter. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  38. Graser, Marc (January 8, 2013). "Maker Studios Hits Reset on The Game Station, Renames it Polaris". Variety. Retrieved March 16, 2014.
  39. Spangler, Todd (8 September 2017). "Disney Launches 'Club Mickey Mouse,' Rebooting Classic Kids' Show for Social Media". Variety.com. Retrieved 17 July 2018.
  40. "Disney Digital Network Brings Fresh, Original Content Directly to Fans Around the World". thewaltdisneycompany.com. September 12, 2017. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
  41. World's Greatest Ninja!! – Ray William Johnson (YouTube). Equals Three. Ray William Johnson. October 16, 2012. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  42. Logan Rapp (December 11, 2012). "Maker Studios And Ray William Johnson Battle". SourceFed News. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  43. Sam Gutelle (December 11, 2012). "Maker and Ray William Johnson Still Feuding As Backstory Is Revealed". Tubefilter. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  44. Sam Gutelle (November 27, 2012). "RayWilliamJohnson Starting His Own Studio With Help From Julian Smith". Tubefilter. Retrieved January 21, 2013.
  45. Ray William Johnson (December 11, 2012). "RAY WILLIAM JOHNSON: Why I Left Maker Studios". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  46. Editorial Staff (December 11, 2012). "BREAKING: Maker Studios CEO Sends Company-Wide Letter Addressing Ray William Johnson Allegations". New Media Rockstars. Retrieved December 24, 2012.
  47. Joshua Cohen (December 12, 2012). "Maker Studios CEO Sends Letter to Employees, Addresses Past and Ray William Johnson". TubeFilter. Retrieved January 14, 2013.
  48. Tessa Stuart (January 10, 2013). "YouTube Stars Fight Back". LA Weekly. Retrieved January 14, 2013.

External links[edit]

This article "Maker Studios" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles copied from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be seen on the Draft Namespace of Wikipedia and not main one.