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Manohara (film)

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Manohara
File:Manohara poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed byPrasad
Produced byM. Somasundaram[1]
Screenplay byM. Karunanidhi
Based onManohara
by Pammal Sambandha Mudaliar
Starring
  • Sivaji Ganesan
  • T. R. Rajakumari
  • P. Kannamba
  • Girija
Music by
  • S. V. Venkatraman
  • T. R. Ramanathan
CinematographyP. Ramaswamy[2]
Edited byM. A. Thirumugam
Production
company
Manohar Pictures
Release date
  • 3 March 1954 (1954-03-03)
Running time
172 minutes[3]
CountryIndia
LanguageTamil

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Manohara is a 1954 Indian Tamil-language historical fantasy film[3] directed by L. V. Prasad and written by M. Karunanidhi. Starring Sivaji Ganesan, T. R. Rajakumari, P. Kannamba and Girija, the film was based on the play of the same name by Pammal Sambandha Mudaliar. It was released on 3 March 1954.

Plot[edit]

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Manohara was a film adaptation of the play of the same name staged by Pammal Sambandha Mudaliar in the 1930s; he even acted in a film version which was released in 1930.[4][5] K. R. Ramasamy successfully staged Manohara under his own banner, playing the lead actor, Sivaji Ganesan portrayed the role of the queen in the play.[6] Jupiter Pictures announced the film adaptation of Manohara with Ramasamy in the title role and A. S. A. Sami as the director. Elangovan, was engaged to write the script. However, this project was shelved and Ganesan was brought on board. Producer signed Ganesan either for the role of Rajpriyan or Manoharan. However Ganesan was keen on doing the titular character and got selected.[7] Elangovan worked on the script for sometime under the new setup, but he was soon replaced by M. Karunanidhi.[6][8] Karunanidhi rewrote Mudaliar's play, introducing changes like the climactic sequence for which he drew inspiration from Samson and Delilah, especially the part where the blind Samson pushes the pillars down.[6] L. V. Prasad was selected to direct the film.[9]

P. Kannamba was cast as Manohara's mother. Telugu actress Girija was cast as the princess, and T. R. Rajakumari as the king's ambitious mistress Vasanthasena.[5][10] Kaka Radhakrishnan, Pandari Bai, Javert Seetharaman, S. A. Natarajan, T. P. Muthulakshmi and Sadasiva Rao were recruited to play supporting roles.[6]

Soundtrack[edit]

The music was composed by S. V. Venkatraman and T. R. Ramanathan.[11]

Tamil Songs

Lyrics by K. D. Sundaram, Surabhi, Chellamuthukavi & Udumalai Narayana Kavi. Singers are T. R. Rajakumari & C. S. Pandiyan. Playback singers by A. M. Rajah, S. V. Venkatraman, T. A. Mothi, Radha Jayalakshmi, T. V. Rathinam & Jikki.

T. R. Ramanathan composed the music for Singara Paingkiliye Pesu and Nilaavile Ullaasamaaga Aadalaam.

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 "Singaara Paingkiliye Pesu" A. M. Rajah & Radha Jayalakshmi Udumalai Narayana Kavi 04:14
2 "Ennai Paar Ennazhagai Paaru" T. V. Rathinam 04:46
3 "Nilaavile Ullaasamaaga Aadalaam" T. A. Mothi & T. V. Rathinam 02:59
4 "Pozhudhu Pularndhadhe" T. R. Rajakumari 02:00
5 "Sandhegam Illai Sandhegam Illai" S. V. Venkatraman & C. S. Pandiyan 02:00
6 "Inbanaalidhe Idhayam Kaanudhe" Jikki, L. R. Eswari 03:06
7 "Vasantha Vizhaa Osantha Thiruvizhaa" Chorus 01:27
8 "Pombalathaanaa Nee Pombalathaanaa" S. V. Venkatraman & C. S. Pandiyan 01:27
9 "Radhi Manmadha" S. V. Venkatraman & C. S. Pandiyan 02:47
10 "Kaathal Kondaadukiraar" Radha Jayalakshmi 02:35

Telugu Songs

Playback singers by A. M. Rajah, S. V. Venkatraman, T. A. Mothi, Madhavapeddi Satyam, Pithapuram Nageswara Rao, Radha Jayalakshmi & Jikki.

No. Song Singers Lyrics Length (m:ss)
1 "Kannulalo Vennelalo" A. M. Rajah & Jikki 04:14
2 "Thivari Ramuni" Madhavapeddi Satyam 01:30
3 "Andalu Chandalu Kannaa Raa" Jikki 04:46
4 "Andaala Rathini" Jikki 02:32
5 "Vechiti Innallu" Radha Jayalakshmi 01:06
6 "Paadave Preyasi Teeyagaa" T. A. Mothi & Jikki 02:59
7 " Thela Thelavaare" Jikki 02:00
8 "Sandeham Ledu Sandeham Ledu" S. V. Venkatraman & Pithapuram Nageswara Rao 02:00
9 "Ravoyi Ravoyi" Jikki 03:06
10 "Vana Mahothsavam Vasantha Thina Mahothsavam" Chorus 01:27
11 "Adadhanivena" S. V. Venkatraman & Pithapuram Nageswara Rao 01:27
12 "Rathi Manmatha" S. V. Venkatraman & Pithapuram Nageswara Rao 02:47
13 "Pranaya Vilasamule" Radha Jayalakshmi 02:35

Release and reception[edit]

Manohara was released on 3 March 1954.[2] Ananda Vikatan wrote "Manohara is an example if there is a good script combined with lively dialogues and powerful acting, the public will appreciate and love such films". According to historian G. Dhananjayan, the film became a success due to the performances of Ganesan and Kannamba and dialogues by Karunanidhi.[7] It was later dubbed and released in Telugu and Hindi with the same title; both became failures.[6] Kongara Jaggaiah dubbed his voice for Ganesan in Telugu. Aatreya wrote dialogues for the Telugu version.[5][7]

References[edit]

  1. Pillai 2015, p. 289.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Film News Anandan (2004). Sadhanaigal Padaitha Thamizh Thiraipada Varalaru [Tamil film history and its achievements] (in Tamil). Sivagami Publishers. Archived from the original on 2020. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  3. 3.0 3.1 Rajadhyaksha & Willemen 1998, p. 336.
  4. Dhananjayan 2014, p. 105.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Celluloid colossus". The Hindu. 25 January 2008. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 "Manohara 1954". The Hindu. 6 March 2009. Archived from the original on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 20 January 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Dhananjayan 2014, p. 106.
  8. "Wordsmith". The Hindu. 20 August 2011. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. "A Leader and a visionary". The Hindu. 8 September 2006. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 20 January 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. Pillai 2015, p. 269.
  11. "Manohara (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack) by S. V. Venkatraman & T. R. Ramanathan". Apple Music. Retrieved 2020-06-03. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Template:L. V. Prasad


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