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Recognition strike

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A recognition strike is an industrial strike implemented in order to force a particular employer or industry to recognize a trade union as the legitimate collective bargaining agent for a company's workers.[1][2][3][4] In 1949, their use in the United States was described as "a weapon used with varying results by labor for the last forty years or more";[5] one example cited was the successful formation of the United Auto Workers.[5] They were more common prior to the advent of modern American labor law (including the National Labor Relations Act), which introduced processes legally compelling an employer to recognize the legitimacy of properly certified unions.[5][1]

Two examples include the U.S. Steel recognition strike of 1901 and the subsequent coal strike of 1902.[6] A 1936 study of strikes in the United States indicated that about one third of the total number of strikes between 1927 and 1928, and over 40 percent in 1929, were due to "demands for union recognition, closed shop, and protest against union discrimination and violation of union agreements".[7] A 1988 study of strike activity and unionization in non-union municipal police departments between 1972 and 1978 found that recognition strikes were carried out "primarily where bargaining laws [provided] little or no protection of bargaining rights."[8]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Recognition Strike Law and Legal Definition". definitions.uslegal.com.
  2. "Definition of STRIKE". www.merriam-webster.com.
  3. Adavbiele, J. A. (April 16, 2015). "Implications of Incessant Strike Actions on the Implementation of Technical Education Programme in Nigeria".
  4. William R. Adams (1990). A Manager's Guide to Labor Relations Terminology. Adams, Nash & Haskell. p. 60. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 https://heinonline.org/HOL/LandingPage?handle=hein.journals/upitt10&div=15&id=&page=
  6. "The Great Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902". Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 2008-07-14. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. Peterson, Florence (April 16, 1938). "Strikes in the United States, 1880-1936". U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 60 – via Google Books.
  8. Ichniowski, Casey (June 1, 1988). "Police recognition strikes: Illegal and ill-fated". Journal of Labor Research. 9 (2): 183–197. doi:10.1007/BF02685240 – via Springer Link.

Other articles of the topic Organized labour : Peter Tatchell Foundation, Starbucks Workers Union, United Steelworkers, Big labor, Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Moldova, Guyana Airline Pilots Association, AFL-CIO
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