Thrissur

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Thrissur

Trichur, Thrissivaperur
Metropolis
Clockwise from top: Thrissur Pooram, Our Lady of Lourdes Syro-Malabar Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral, Vadakkunnathan Temple, and Puli Kali.
Clockwise from top:
Thrissur Pooram, Our Lady of Lourdes Syro-Malabar Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral, Vadakkunnathan Temple, and Puli Kali.
Thrissur is located in Kerala
Thrissur
Thrissur
Thrissur is located in India
Thrissur
Thrissur
Coordinates: 10°31′N 76°13′E / 10.52°N 76.21°E / 10.52; 76.21Coordinates: 10°31′N 76°13′E / 10.52°N 76.21°E / 10.52; 76.21
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Country India
StateKerala
DistrictThrissur District
Government
 • TypeMayor–council government
 • BodyThrissur Municipal Corporation
 • MayorM. K. Varghese (LDF – Independent)
 • Deputy mayorRajasree Gopan (LDF – CPI(M))
 • Police commissionerAadhithya R. IPS
Area
 • Metropolis101.42 km2 (39.16 sq mi)
Elevation
2.83 m (9.28 ft)
Population
(2011)[2]
 • Metropolis315,596
 • Density3,100/km2 (8,100/sq mi)
 • Metro1,854,783
Demonym(s)
  • Thrissurkaran(male) *Thrissurkari(female) *Thrissurkar(plural)
Languages
 • OfficialMalayalam, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
680XXX
Telephone codeThrissur: 91-(0)487, Irinjalakuda: 91-(0)480, Wadakkancherry: 91-(0)4884, Kunnamkulam: 91-(0)4885
Vehicle registrationKL-08
Coastline54 kilometres (34 mi)
Literacy97.24%
ImportanceGold capital of India, Cultural capital of Kerala
ClimateAm/Aw (Köppen)
Precipitation3,100 millimetres (120 in)
Avg. summer temperature35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Websitehttps://thrissur.nic.in/

Thrissur (Malayalam: [t̪r̥iʃːuːr] (About this soundlisten)), formerly Trichur, also known by its historical name Thrissivaperur, is a city and the headquarters of the Thrissur district in Kerala, India. It is the third largest urban agglomeration in Kerala after Kochi and Kozhikode, and the 21st largest in India.[3][4] The city is built around a 65-acre (26 ha) hillock called the Thekkinkaadu Maidaanam which seats a large Hindu temple. It is located 304 kilometres (189 mi) north-west of the state's capital city, Thiruvananthapuram. Thrissur was once the capital of the Kingdom of Cochin, and was a point of contact for Arabs, Romans, Portuguese, Dutch and the English.

Thrissur is also known as the Cultural Capital of Kerala because of its cultural, spiritual and religious leanings throughout history.[5] It contains the Kerala Sangeetha Nadaka Academy, Kerala Lalithakala Akademi and Kerala Sahitya Academy.[6] The city hosts the Thrissur Pooram festival, the most colourful and spectacular temple festival in Kerala.[7][8] The festival is held at the Thekkinkadu Maidan in April or May, in the Malayalam month 'medam'.[5]

Religion is important and varied in Thrissur. The city has historically been a centre of Hindu scholarship, and Christianity, Islam and Judaism are believed to have entered the Indian subcontinent through Thrissur and its surrounding areas. Thrissur has a large number of well-known temples including the Vadakkumnathan temple, Thiruvambadi Sri Krishna Temple, Paramekkavu temple, and Guruvayur temple. There are three major Catholic churches, the St. Antony's Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane, Our Lady of Lourdes Syro-Malabar Catholic Metropolitan Cathedral and Our Lady of Dolours Syro-Malabar Catholic Basilica, the largest Christian church in India.[9] India's first mosque, Cheraman Juma Masjid, is believed to have been constructed in 629 CE.[10][11][12]

The city is the headquarters of four major scheduled banks, South Indian Bank Ltd, Catholic Syrian Bank, Dhanalakshmi Bank and ESAF Small Finance Bank[13] as well as several chit funds.[14] The city is also a big centre for silks and gold jewellery. Thrissur attracts the largest number of domestic tourists in Kerala.[15]

Apart from being the cultural nerve centre of Kerala, it is also a major academic hub and is home to several educational institutions including the Kerala Kalamandalam, Kerala Agricultural University, Kerala University of Health Sciences, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, St Thomas College, Jawahar Bal Bhavan Thrissur, Kerala Institute of Local Administration, Kerala Forest Research Institute, Kerala Police Academy, Police Dog Training Centre, Excise Academy and Research Centre, Government College Of Music And Performing Arts, Government College of Fine Arts, Government Law College, Government Engineering College and Government Medical College.[16][17][18]

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2018. Retrieved 18 July 2017. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Thrissur City" (PDF). Census2011. Retrieved 3 November 2011.
  3. "PROVISIONAL POPULATION TOTALS, CENSUS OF INDIA 2011" (PDF). Census India. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  4. "COMPARATIVE STUDY OF DECADAL GROWTH OFSTATE/DISTRICTS 1991–2001, 2001–2011" (PDF). Census India. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Thrissur". Thrissur Municipal Corporation. Archived from the original on 12 July 2012. Retrieved 22 September 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "Literary and cultural societies". Kerala Government. Archived from the original on 18 February 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. "Festivals and Fairs of Thrissur". Kerala Government. Archived from the original on 13 March 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2012. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. "Tourism". Thrissur Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. "Pilgrimage". Thrissur Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. "Catholic Syrian: God's Own Bank". Forbes India. Archived from the original on 30 April 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  11. "World's second oldest mosque is in India". Bahrain tribune. Archived from the original on 6 July 2006. Retrieved 9 August 2006.
  12. "Kalam to visit oldest mosque in sub-continent". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 23 July 2005. Archived from the original on 10 November 2006. Retrieved 9 August 2006. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. "With RBI nod, ESAF is now 'scheduled bank'". @businessline. Retrieved 2021-10-27.
  14. "Chit fund cos on the rise in Kerala". The Indian Express. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  15. "Tourist statistics" (PDF). Kerala Tourism. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
  16. "History". Kerala Agricultural University. Archived from the original on 17 March 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  17. "About Us". Kerala Institute of Local Administration. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  18. "Educational Institutions". Thrissur Corporation. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2010. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)