Yvonne Calment

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Yvonne Calment
JeanneCalmentaged22.jpg File:JeanneCalmentaged22.jpg
Yvonne Calment in front of the Church of St. Trophime in Arles, date unknown.
Born(1898-01-19)19 January 1898
Arles, France
💀Died(1934-01-19)19 January 1934
(aged 36)
Arles, France(1934-01-19)19 January 1934
(aged 36)
Cause of deathPleurisy
🏳️ NationalityFrench
💼 Occupation
👩 Spouse(s)
Joseph Charles Frédéric Billot (m. 1926)
👶 Children1 son, Frédéric Billot

Yvonne Marie Nicolle Calment (19 January 1898 – 19 January 1934) was the daughter of the French supercentenarian Jeanne Calment who died on her 36th birthday, much before her mother.

Biography[edit]

Yvonne was the only child of Jeanne Calment and Fernand Nicolas Calment (1868–1942). Yvonne married army officer Joseph Billot on 3 February 1926, and their only son, Frédéric, was born on 23 December of the same year.[1]

She died of pleurisy on 19 January 1934.[2][3] Her death certificate was signed by an unqualified woman in her seventies.[4][5]

Identity swap theory[edit]

Yvonne is the subject of a theory in which it was Jeanne who actually died in 1934, with Yvonne usurping her mother's identity, faking Jeanne's death as her own and continuing to live as Jeanne[6][5] to avoid paying the heavy inheritance taxes that would ruin her family's finances.[6][4] That would make Yvonne 99 years old at the time of her death in 1997 and invalidate the claim to the oldest person ever.[7]

References[edit]

  1. Robine, Jean-Marie; Allard, Michel (1999). "Jeanne Calment: Validation of the Duration of Her Life". In Jeune, Bernard; Vaupel, James W. Validation of Exceptional Longevity. Odense University Press. ISBN 87-7838-466-4. Retrieved 9 January 2018 – via Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  2. Loguinova-Yakovleva, Victoria (31 December 2018). "La longévité de Jeanne Calment mise en doute par des scientifiques russes" [Russian scientists cast doubts on Jeanne Calment's longevity]. France Soir (in français). Agence France Presse.
  3. Chevallier, Hélène; Jourdain, Stéphane; Emanuele, Valeria (2 January 2019). "Les experts qui ont validé la longévité de Jeanne Calment répondent aux chercheurs russes point par point" [Experts who validated Jeanne Calment's longevity refute each point by Russian researchers]. France Inter (in français). Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hopper, Tristin (31 December 2018). "History's oldest woman a fraud? Russian researchers claim 122-year-old Jeanne Calment was actually a 99-year-old imposter". National Post. Toronto, Canada. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Zak, Nikolay (December 2018). "Jeanne Calment: the secret of longevity". ResearchGate. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.29345.04964. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Milova, Elena (4 November 2018). "Valery Novoselov: Investigating Jeanne Calment's Longevity Record". Life Extension Advocacy Foundation. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  7. J’Accuse…! Why Jeanne Calment’s 122-year old longevity record may be fake Medium.com



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