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'Abd Allah ibn al'-Abbas

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'Abd Allah ibn al'-Abbas
Titleexegete
Born'Abd Allah ibn al'-Abbas
c. 619 CE
Died687 CE
at-Ta'if, Arabia
Other namesAl-Hibr, (The Doctor); Al-Bahr, (The Sea)
ReligionIslam
Notable idea(s)interpretation of the Qur'an
Disciple ofMohammad

′Abd Allah ibn al-′Abbas otherwise called (Ibn Abbas; Al-Hibr; Al-Bahr; The Doctor; The Sea)[1] was born c. 619. He was one of Mohammad's companions and one of the early Qur'an scholars.[1]

Life[edit]

During the early struggles for the caliphate, he supported Ali, and was given the job of governor of Basra as a reward. He did not stay long and he withdrew to Mecca. During the reign of Muawiyah I, he lived in Hejaz and would travel to Damascus often. After Muawiyah I died, he opposed Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr and fled to at-Ta'if, where he died in 687.[1][2]

Legacy[edit]

'Abd Allah ibn al'-Abbas was known for his knowledge of traditions as well as his critical interpretation of the Qur'an. From early on, he gathered information from other companions of Muhammad and gave classes and wrote commentaries.[1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "'Abd Allah ibn al-'Abbas". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-Ak - Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc. 2010. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-59339-837-8.
  2. There is uncertainty as to the actual year of his death. Some sources state either 687 or 688.

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