2016

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Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
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Years:

2016 (MMXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2016th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 16th year of the 3rd millennium, the 16th year of the 21st century, and the 7th year of the 2010s decade.

2016 by topic:
Arts
Architecture – Comics – Film – Home video – Literature (Poetry) – Music (Country, Metal, UK) – Radio – Photo – Television – Video gaming
Politics
Elections – International leaders – Sovereign states
Sovereign state leaders – Territorial governors
Science and technology
Archaeology – Aviation – Birding/Ornithology – Palaeontology – Rail transport – Spaceflight
Sports
Badminton – Baseball – Basketball – Volleyball
By place
Afghanistan – Albania – Algeria – Angola – Antarctica – Argentina – Armenia – Australia – Austria – Azerbaijan – Bangladesh – The Bahamas – Barbados – Belgium – Benin – Bhutan – Bosnia and Herzegovina – Brazil – Bulgaria – Burkina Faso – Burundi – Cambodia – Cameroon – Canada – Cape Verde – Central African Republic – Chad – Chile – China – Colombia – Costa Rica – Croatia – Cuba – Cyprus – Czechia – Denmark – Ecuador – Egypt – El Salvador – Estonia – Ethiopia – European Union – Finland – France – Gabon – Georgia – Germany – Ghana – Greece – Guatemala – Hong Kong – Hungary – Iceland – India – Indonesia – Iraq – Iran – Ireland – Israel – Italy – Ivory Coast – Japan – Kazakhstan – Kenya – Kuwait – Laos – Latvia – Libya – Lithuania – Luxembourg – Macau – Madagascar – Malawi – Malaysia – Mali – Mexico – Moldova – Montenegro – Morocco – Mozambique – Myanmar – Nepal – Netherlands – New Zealand – Niger – Nigeria – North Korea – Norway – Oman – Pakistan – Palestine – Peru – Philippines – Poland – Portugal – Romania – Russia – Rwanda – Saudi Arabia – Senegal – Serbia – Singapore – Slovakia – Slovenia – Somalia – South Africa – South Korea – South Sudan – Spain – Sri Lanka – Sudan – Sweden – Switzerland – Syria – Taiwan – Tanzania – Thailand – Turkey – Uganda – Ukraine – United Arab Emirates – United Kingdom – United States – Uruguay – Uzbekistan – Venezuela – Vietnam – Yemen – Zambia – Zimbabwe
Other topics
Religious leaders
Birth and death categories
BirthsDeaths
Establishments and disestablishments categories
EstablishmentsDisestablishments
Works and introductions categories
WorksIntroductions
Works entering the public domain
2016 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar2016
MMXVI
Ab urbe condita2769
Armenian calendar1465
ԹՎ ՌՆԿԵ
Assyrian calendar6766
Bahá'í calendar172–173
Balinese saka calendar1937–1938
Bengali calendar1423
Berber calendar2966
British Regnal year64 Eliz. 2 – 65 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2560
Burmese calendar1378
Byzantine calendar7524–7525
Chinese calendar乙未年 (Wood Goat)
4712 or 4652
    — to —
丙申年 (Fire Monkey)
4713 or 4653
Coptic calendar1732–1733
Discordian calendar3182
Ethiopian calendar2008–2009
Hebrew calendar5776–5777
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2072–2073
 - Shaka Samvat1937–1938
 - Kali Yuga5116–5117
Holocene calendar12016
Igbo calendar1016–1017
Iranian calendar1394–1395
Islamic calendar1437–1438
Japanese calendarHeisei 28
(平成28年)
Javanese calendar1949–1950
Juche calendar105
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4349
Minguo calendarROC 105
民國105年
Nanakshahi calendar548
Thai solar calendar2559
Tibetan calendar阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
2142 or 1761 or 989
    — to —
阳火猴年
(male Fire-Monkey)
2143 or 1762 or 990
Unix time1451606400 – 1483228799

2016 was designated as:

  • International Year of Pulses by the sixty-eighth session of the United Nations General Assembly.[1]
  • International Year of Global Understanding (IYGU) by the International Council for Science (ICSU), the International Social Science Council (ISSC), and the International Council for Philosophy and Human Sciences (CIPSH).[2]


Events[edit]

January[edit]

  • January 3 – Following the fallout caused by the execution of Nimr al-Nimr, Saudi Arabia and several other countries end their diplomatic relations with Iran.[3]
  • January 4–5 – The highest ever recorded individual cricket score, 1,009 not out, is made by Pranav Dhanawade.
  • January 8 – Joaquín Guzmán, widely regarded as the world's most powerful drug trafficker, is recaptured following his escape from a maximum security prison in Mexico.[4]
  • January 12 – Ten people are killed and 15 wounded in a bombing near the Blue Mosque in Istanbul.
  • January 16
    • The International Atomic Energy Agency announces that Iran has adequately dismantled its nuclear weapons program, allowing the United Nations to lift sanctions immediately.[5]
    • 30 people are killed and 56 injured in terrorist attacks in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, targeting a hotel and a nearby restaurant. A siege occurs and 176 hostages are released afterwards, by government forces.
    • In the general election of the Republic of China (Taiwan), the Democratic Progressive Party, led by Tsai Ing-wen, secured a majority in the Legislative Yuan, resulting in the first majority by a non-KMT party and the first majority won by the DPP. Tsai become the 14th President for Taiwan, and also become the first female leader for China.[6]
  • January 28 – The World Health Organization announces an outbreak of the Zika virus.[7]

February[edit]

  • February 7 – North Korea launches a reconnaissance satellite named Kwangmyŏngsŏng-4 into space, condemned as a long-range ballistic missile test.[8]
  • February 12 – Pope Francis and Patriarch Kirill sign an Ecumenical Declaration in the first such meeting between leaders of the Catholic and Russian Orthodox Churches since their schism in 1054.[9]

March[edit]

  • March 9 – A total solar eclipse was visible from Indonesia.
  • March 14 – The ESA and Roscosmos launch the joint ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter on a mission to Mars.[10]
  • March 21
    • The International Criminal Court finds former Congolese Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba guilty of war crimes and crimes against humanity, the first time the ICC convicted someone of sexual violence.[11]
    • Barack Obama visits Cuba, marking the first time a sitting US president has visited the island nation since president Calvin Coolidge visited in 1928.[12]
  • March 22 – 2016 Brussels bombings: Suicide bombing attacks at Brussels' Zaventem airport and Maalbeek metro station kill 35 people and injure 300 more.
  • March 24 – Ex-Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadžić is sentenced to 40 years in prison after being found guilty of genocide and crimes against humanity committed during the Bosnian War.[13]

April[edit]

  • April 1–5 – 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh clashes: Clashes occur along the Nagorno-Karabakh line of contact with the Artsakh Defense Army, backed by the Armenian Armed Forces, on one side and the Azerbaijani Armed Forces on the other. The US State Department estimates that a total of 350 people have been killed in the clashes, which have been defined as "the worst" since the 1994 ceasefire.[14]
  • April 3 – The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) and the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung publish a set of 11.5 million confidential documents from the Panamanian corporate Mossack Fonseca that provides detailed information on more than 214,000 offshore companies, including the identities of shareholders and directors including noted personalities and heads of state.[15]

May[edit]

  • May 9 – Rodrigo Duterte is elected the President of the Philippines.
  • May 10–14 – The Eurovision Song Contest 2016 is held in Stockholm, Sweden, and is won by Ukrainian entrant Jamala with the song "1944".
  • May 19 – EgyptAir Flight 804 crashes into the Mediterranean Sea en route from Paris to Cairo, killing all 66 people on board.[16]
  • May 20 – Tsai Ing-wen is sworn in as the President of the Republic of China (Taiwan).[17]
  • May 28 – Harambe, a 17-year-old western lowland gorilla, is shot and killed after a boy falls into its enclosure in Cincinnati, Ohio, causing worldwide controversy.
  • May 30 – Former Chadian President Hissène Habré is sentenced to life in prison for crimes against humanity committed during his tenure from 1982 to 1990, the first time an African Union-backed court convicted a former ruler of a country within its jurisdiction.[18]

June[edit]

  • June 1 – The Gotthard Base Tunnel, the world's longest and deepest railway tunnel, is opened following two decades of construction work.[19]
  • June 10 – July 10 – France hosts the UEFA Euro 2016 football tournament, which is won by Portugal.[20]
  • June 12 – A gunman claiming allegiance to the Islamic State opens fire at a gay nightclub in Orlando, Florida, killing 49 people and injuring 53 others.[21]
  • June 23 – The United Kingdom votes in a referendum to leave the European Union.[22]
  • June 28 – 2016 Atatürk Airport attack: ISIL is suspected to be responsible for attacking Atatürk Airport in Istanbul, Turkey, killing 45 people and injuring around 230 others.[23]

July[edit]

  • July 1 – Latvia becomes the 35th member of the OECD.[24]
  • July 2 – 2016 Australian federal election: Malcolm Turnbull's Liberal/National Coalition Government is narrowly re-elected,[25] defeating the Labor Party led by Bill Shorten.[26]
  • July 5 – NASA's Juno spacecraft enters orbit around Jupiter and begins a 20-month survey of the planet.[27]
  • July 6 – The augmented reality mobile game Pokémon Go is released, breaking numerous records in terms of sales and revenue.[28]
  • July 12 – The Philippines wins the arbitration case they filed at the Permanent Court of Arbitration regarding the legality of China's "Nine-Dash Line" claim over the South China Sea under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.[29][30]
  • July 14 – 2016 Nice truck attack: 86 people are killed and more than 400 others injured in a truck attack in Nice, France, during Bastille Day celebrations.[31]
  • July 15–16 – In Turkey, a faction within the Turkish Armed Forces that organized themselves as the Peace at Home Council, unsuccessfully stages a coup against the state institutions, resulting in the deaths of at least 240 people and triggering a series of unprecedented purges throughout the country.[32]
  • July 22 – The final videocassette recorder is manufactured by the Japanese company Funai.[33]
  • July 26 – Swiss Solar Impulse 2 becomes the first solar-powered aircraft to circumnavigate the Earth.[34]

August[edit]

  • August 5–21 – The 2016 Summer Olympics are held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the first time in a South American nation.[35]
  • August 24 – A 6.2 earthquake hits central Italy, killing 299 people.
  • August 31 – The Brazilian Senate votes (61–20) to impeach the President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff. The Vice President of Brazil, Michel Temer, who had assumed the presidential powers and duties as Acting President of Brazil during Rousseff's suspension, takes office for the remainder of her term.[36]

September[edit]

  • September 1 – An annular solar eclipse was visible from Gabon, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Mozambique and Madagascar.
  • September 3 – The US and China, together responsible for 40% of the world's carbon emissions, both formally join the Paris global climate agreement.[37]
  • September 8 – NASA launches OSIRIS-REx, its first asteroid sample return mission. The probe will visit Bennu and is expected to return with samples in 2023.[38][39]
  • September 9 – The government of North Korea conducts its fifth and reportedly biggest nuclear test. World leaders condemn the act, with South Korea calling it "maniacal recklessness".[40]
  • September 28
    • International investigators conclude that Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 was shot down by a Buk missile that came from an area controlled by pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine.[41]
    • Global CO
      2
      levels exceed 400 ppm at the time of year normally associated with minimum levels.[42] A 400 ppm level is believed to be higher than anything experienced in human history.[43]
  • September 30 – Two paintings by Vincent van Gogh with a combined value of $100 million, Seascape at Scheveningen and Congregation Leaving the Reformed Church in Nuenen, are recovered after having been stolen on December 7, 2002 from the Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam.[44]

October[edit]

  • October 7 – Three events that played a significant role in the 2016 United States presidential election all take place on the same afternoon: (1) U.S. intelligence agencies publicly accuse the Russian government of using computer hacking to interfere with the U.S. election process; (2) The Washington Post releases a videotape showing candidate Donald Trump privately bragging about sexual improprieties; (3) WikiLeaks releases thousands of private emails from inside the political campaign of candidate Hillary Clinton.
  • October 13 – The Maldives announces its decision to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations.[45]
  • October 15 – 150 nations meet at the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) summit in Rwanda and agree to phase out hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) as an amendment to the Montreal Protocol.[46]

November[edit]

  • November 2 – The Chicago Cubs win the World Series for the first time since 1908, ending the longest championship drought in American sports history.[47]
  • November 8 – Donald Trump is elected the 45th President of the United States as a Republican after running a campaign widely characterized as populist.[48]
  • November 14 – The remains of Philippine dictator Ferdinand Marcos are buried in a private ceremony at the Libingan ng mga Bayani prompting nationwide protests throughout the Philippines.[49][50]
  • November 24 – The Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia—People's Army sign a revised peace deal, bringing an end to the Colombian conflict.[51]
  • November 28 – LaMia Flight 2933 crashes into a mountain near Medellín, Colombia, killing 71 of the 77 people on board, including members of the Brazilian Chapecoense football squad.

December[edit]

  • December 19 – Andrei Karlov, the Russian ambassador to Turkey, is assassinated by an off-duty Turkish police officer at an art exhibition in Ankara.[52]
  • December 22 – A study finds the VSV-EBOV vaccine against the Ebola virus between 70 and 100% effective, and thus making it the first proven vaccine against the disease.[53]
  • December 23 – The United Nations Security Council adopts Resolution 2334 condemning "Israeli settlements in Palestinian territories occupied since 1967".[54]
  • December 25 – 2016 Russian Defence Ministry Tupolev Tu-154 crash: A Tupolev Tu-154 jetliner of the Russian Defence Ministry crashes into the Black Sea shortly after taking off from Sochi International Airport, Russia, while en route to Khmeimim Air Base, Syria. All 92 people on board, including 64 members of the Alexandrov Ensemble choir of the Russian Armed Forces, are killed.[55]
  • December 31 – United States troops withdraw from Afghanistan after 15 years.[56]

General[edit]

The half of world population (4 billions) is connected to Internet.

Births[edit]

  • February 5 – Jigme Namgyel Wangchuck, heir apparent to the throne of Bhutan
  • March 2 – Prince Oscar, Duke of Skåne

Deaths[edit]

Deaths
January · February · March · April · May · June · July · August · September · October · November · December

January[edit]

Vilmos Zsigmond
Princess Ashraf Pahlavi
Alan Rickman
Glenn Frey
  • January 1 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer (b. 1930)
  • January 2
    • Michel Delpech, French singer (b. 1946)
    • Gisela Mota Ocampo, Mexican politician (b. 1982)
    • Sheikh Nimr, Saudi Shia religious leader (b. 1959)
  • January 3
    • Paul Bley, Canadian pianist (b. 1932)
    • Peter Naur, Danish computer scientist (b. 1928)
  • January 4 – Michel Galabru, French actor (b. 1922)
  • January 5 – Pierre Boulez, French composer, conductor and writer (b. 1925)
  • January 6 – Silvana Pampanini, Italian actress (b. 1925)
  • January 7
    • André Courrèges, French fashion designer (b. 1923)
    • Kitty Kallen, American singer (b. 1921)
    • Princess Ashraf of Iran (b. 1919)
  • January 8
    • Otis Clay, American soul singer (b. 1942)
    • Maria Teresa de Filippis, Italian racing driver (b. 1926)
  • January 10
    • David Bowie, English singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1947)
    • Yusuf Zuayyin, 51st and 53rd Prime Minister of Syria (b. 1931)
  • January 11 – Monte Irvin, American baseball player (b. 1919)
  • January 13 – Brian Bedford, English actor (b. 1935)
  • January 14
    • René Angélil, Canadian singer and manager (b. 1942)
    • Alan Rickman, English actor and director (b. 1946)
  • January 15 – Dan Haggerty, American actor (b. 1941)
  • January 18
    • Glenn Frey, American musician (b. 1948)
    • Michel Tournier, French writer (b. 1924)
  • January 19 – Ettore Scola, Italian screenwriter and film director (b. 1931)
  • January 23 – Jimmy Bain, Scottish musician (b. 1947)
  • January 24 – Marvin Minsky, American computer scientist (b. 1927)
  • January 26
    • Black, English singer-songwriter (b. 1962)
    • Abe Vigoda, American actor (b. 1921)
  • January 28
    • Paul Kantner, American singer and musician (b. 1941)
    • Signe Toly Anderson, American singer (b. 1941)
  • January 29
    • Jean-Marie Doré, 11th Prime Minister of Guinea (b. 1938)
    • Jacques Rivette, French film director and critic (b. 1928)
  • January 30
    • Frank Finlay, British actor (b. 1926)
    • Francisco Flores Pérez, President of El Salvador (b. 1959)
  • January 31 – Terry Wogan, Irish-British broadcaster (b. 1938)

February[edit]

Boutros Boutros-Ghali
Umberto Eco
Harper Lee
Sonny James
  • February 1 – Óscar Humberto Mejía Victores, 27th President of Guatemala (b. 1930)
  • February 3 – Joe Alaskey, American voice actor (b. 1952)
  • February 4
    • Edgar Mitchell, American astronaut (b. 1930)
    • Maurice White, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
  • February 8 – Amelia Bence, Argentine actress (b. 1914)
  • February 9 – Sushil Koirala, 37th Prime Minister of Nepal (b. 1939)
  • February 13
    • Trifon Ivanov, Bulgarian footballer (b. 1965)
    • Slobodan Santrač, Serbian football player and manager (b. 1946)
    • Antonin Scalia, American Supreme Court Justice (b. 1936)
  • February 15
    • Vanity, Canadian singer and actress (b. 1959)
    • George Gaynes, Finnish-born American actor (b. 1917)
  • February 16 – Boutros Boutros-Ghali, Egyptian politician and diplomat, Secretary-General of the UN (b. 1922)
  • February 17
    • Jesús Barrero, Mexican actor (b. 1958)
    • Mohamed Hassanein Heikal, Egyptian journalist (b. 1923)
    • Tony Phillips, American baseball player (b. 1959)
    • Andrzej Żuławski, Polish film director and writer (b. 1940)
  • February 18 – Pantelis Pantelidis, Greek singer, songwriter and lyricist (b. 1983)
  • February 19
    • Umberto Eco, Italian writer and philosopher (b. 1932)
    • Harper Lee, American writer (b. 1926)
  • February 22
    • Sonny James, American country singer (b. 1928)
    • Cara McCollum, American journalist (b. 1992)
    • Douglas Slocombe, British cinematographer (b. 1913)
  • February 23 – Donald E. Williams, American astronaut (b. 1942)
  • February 24 – Peter Kenilorea, 1st Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands (b. 1943)
  • February 25 – Tony Burton, American actor (b. 1937)
  • February 28
    • Frank Kelly, Irish actor (b. 1938)
    • George Kennedy, American actor (b. 1925)
  • February 29
    • Hannes Löhr, German footballer (b. 1942)
    • Louise Rennison, English author (b. 1951)
    • José Parra Martínez, Spanish footballer (b. 1925)

March[edit]

Nancy Reagan
Guido Westerwelle
Anker Jørgensen
Johan Cruyff
Patty Duke
  • March 2 – Berta Cáceres, Honduran environmental activist and indigenous leader (b. 1971)
  • March 5
    • Hassan Al-Turabi, Sudanese spiritual leader (b. 1932)
    • Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Austrian conductor (b. 1929)
    • Ray Tomlinson, American computer programmer (b. 1941)
  • March 6 – Nancy Reagan, American actress, First Lady of the United States (b. 1921)
  • March 8
    • George Martin, English record producer, composer, arranger and engineer (b. 1926)
    • Claus Ogerman, German conductor and composer (b. 1930)
  • March 9
    • Jon English, English-born Australian singer, songwriter, musician and actor (b. 1949)
    • Naná Vasconcelos, Brazilian jazz percussionist and vocalist (b. 1944)
  • March 10
    • Anita Brookner, British novelist (b. 1928)
    • Keith Emerson, British musician (b. 1944)
    • Roberto Perfumo, Argentine footballer and sport commentator (b. 1942)
  • March 11
    • Deva Dassy, French opera singer (b. 1911)
    • Dragan Nikolić, Serbian actor (b. 1943)
  • March 12 – Lloyd Shapley, American Nobel mathematician (b. 1923)
  • March 13 – Hilary Putnam, American philosopher, mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1926)
  • March 14 – Peter Maxwell Davies, English composer and conductor (b. 1934)
  • March 16 – Frank Sinatra Jr., American singer-songwriter and actor (b. 1944)
  • March 17
    • Meir Dagan, Israeli general and former Director of Mossad (b. 1945)
    • Larry Drake, American actor (b. 1950)
  • March 18
    • Lothar Späth, German politician (b. 1937)
    • Guido Westerwelle, German politician (b. 1961)
  • March 20 – Anker Jørgensen, Prime Minister of Denmark (b. 1922)
  • March 21 – Andrew Grove, Hungarian-American electronic executive (b. 1936)
  • March 22 – Rob Ford, Canadian politician (b. 1969)
  • March 23 – Ken Howard, American actor (b. 1944)
  • March 24
    • Roger Cicero, German jazz and pop musician (b. 1970)
    • Johan Cruyff, Dutch footballer and manager (b. 1947)
    • Garry Shandling, American actor and comedian (b. 1949)
  • March 26 – Raúl Cárdenas, Mexican footballer and coach (b. 1928)
  • March 29 – Patty Duke, American actress (b. 1946)
  • March 31
    • Ronnie Corbett, English comedian (b. 1930)
    • Georges Cottier, Swiss cardinal (b. 1922)
    • Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German politician (b. 1927)
    • Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-British architect (b. 1950)
    • Imre Kertész, Hungarian Nobel author (b. 1929)

April[edit]

Merle Haggard
Prince
Banharn Silpa-archa
  • April 1 – Pratyusha Banerjee, Indian television actress (b. 1991)
  • April 2 – Gato Barbieri, Argentine jazz saxophonist (b. 1932)
  • April 3
    • Don Francks, Canadian actor, musician and singer (b. 1932)
    • Cesare Maldini, Italian football player and manager (b. 1932)
  • April 4 – Chus Lampreave, Spanish actress (b. 1930)
  • April 6 – Merle Haggard, American country singer (b. 1937)
  • April 8 – Erich Rudorffer, German fighter ace (b. 1917)
  • April 10 – Howard Marks, Welsh drug smuggler, writer and legalisation campaigner (b. 1945)
  • April 12
    • Anne Jackson, American actress (b. 1925)
    • Balls Mahoney, American professional wrestler (b. 1972)
    • Arnold Wesker, British playwright (b. 1932)
  • April 16 – Louis Pilot, Luxembourgian football player and manager (b. 1940)
  • April 17 – Doris Roberts, American actress, author, and philanthropist (b. 1925)
  • April 19
    • Patricio Aylwin, 32nd President of Chile (b. 1918)
    • Ronit Elkabetz, Israeli actress and film director (b. 1964)
    • Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American Nobel physicist (b. 1923)
  • April 20
    • Chyna, American professional wrestler (b. 1969)
    • Guy Hamilton, British film director (b. 1922)
    • Victoria Wood, British comedian (b. 1953)
  • April 21
    • Lonnie Mack, American singer-guitarist (b. 1941)
    • Prince, American singer-songwriter and multi-instrumentalist (b. 1958)
  • April 23 – Banharn Silpa-archa, 21st Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1932)
  • April 24
    • Billy Paul, American soul singer (b. 1934)
    • Klaus Siebert, German Olympic biathlete (b. 1955)
    • Papa Wemba, Congolese singer and musician (b. 1949)
  • April 26 – Harry Wu, Chinese human rights activist (b. 1937)
  • April 27 – Viktor Gavrikov, Lithuanian-Swiss chess Grandmaster (b. 1957)
  • April 30 – Harry Kroto, English Nobel chemist (b. 1939)

May[edit]

Marco Pannella
Bata Živojinović
Loris Francesco Capovilla
Mohamed Abdelaziz
  • May 1 – Solomon W. Golomb, American mathematician (b. 1932)
  • May 2 – Afeni Shakur, American music businesswoman (b. 1947)
  • May 4
    • Jean-Baptiste Bagaza, 2nd President of Burundi (b. 1946)
    • Bob Bennett, American politician (b. 1933)
  • May 5
    • Siné, French political cartoonist (b. 1928)
    • Isao Tomita, Japanese composer (b. 1932)
  • May 6 – Margot Honecker, East German politician (b. 1927)
  • May 8
    • Nick Lashaway, American actor (b. 1988)
    • William Schallert, American actor (b. 1922)
  • May 10 – Kang Young-hoon, 21st Prime Minister of South Korea (b. 1922)
  • May 16 – Giovanni Coppa, Italian cardinal (b. 1925)
  • May 17
    • Guy Clark, American singer-songwriter (b. 1941)
    • Yūko Mizutani, Japanese voice actress (b. 1964)
  • May 19
    • Alexandre Astruc, French film critic and director (b. 1923)
    • Marco Pannella, Italian politician (b. 1930)
    • Alan Young, British-born Canadian-American actor (b. 1919)
  • May 21
    • Sándor Tarics, Hungarian Olympic water polo player (b. 1913)
    • Nick Menza, German-born American drummer (b. 1964)
  • May 22 – Bata Živojinović, Serbian actor and politician (b. 1933)
  • May 25 – Yang Jiang, Chinese playwright, author, and translator (b. 1911)
  • May 26
    • Loris Francesco Capovilla, Italian cardinal (b. 1915)
    • Arturo Pomar, Spanish chess grandmaster (b. 1931)
  • May 28
    • Giorgio Albertazzi, Italian actor (b. 1923)
    • David Cañada, Spanish cyclist (b. 1975)
  • May 31
    • Mohamed Abdelaziz, 3rd Secretary-General of the Polisario Front (b. 1947)
    • Corry Brokken, Dutch singer (b. 1932)
    • Antonio Imbert Barrera, Dominican politician (b. 1920)

June[edit]

Muhammad Ali
Gordie Howe
Anton Yelchin
Alvin Toffler
  • June 2 – Tom Kibble, British physicist (b. 1932)
  • June 3
    • Muhammad Ali, American Olympic and professional boxer (b. 1942)
    • Luis Salom, Spanish motorcycle racer (b. 1991)
  • June 4 – Carmen Pereira, Bissau-Guinean politician (b. 1937)
  • June 5 – Jerome Bruner, American psychologist (b. 1915)
  • June 6
    • Viktor Korchnoi, Russian-born Swiss chess grandmaster (b. 1931)
    • Theresa Saldana, American actress and author (b. 1954)
    • Peter Shaffer, British playwright and screenwriter (b. 1926)
    • Kimbo Slice, Bahamian-American mixed martial artist, boxer, wrestler and actor (b. 1974)
  • June 7 – Stephen Keshi, Nigerian footballer and manager (b. 1962)
  • June 8 – Qahhor Mahkamov, 1st President of Tajikistan (b. 1932)
  • June 9 – Hassan Muhammad Makki, 10th Prime Minister of Yemen (b. 1933)
  • June 10
    • Christina Grimmie, American singer (b. 1994)
    • Gordie Howe, Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1928)
  • June 11 – Rudi Altig, German road racing cyclist (b. 1937)
  • June 12
    • Omar Mateen, American mass murderer (b. 1986)
    • George Voinovich, American politician (b. 1936)
    • Janet Waldo, American actress (b. 1919)
  • June 14 – Ann Morgan Guilbert, American actress (b. 1928)
  • June 16 – Jo Cox, English politician (b. 1974)
  • June 18 – Vittorio Merloni, Italian entrepreneur (b. 1933)
  • June 19
    • Götz George, German actor (b. 1938)
    • Victor Stănculescu, Romanian general and politician (b. 1928)
    • Anton Yelchin, Russian-born American actor (b. 1989)
  • June 20 – Edgard Pisani, French politician (b. 1918)
  • June 23
    • Michael Herr, American writer, journalist and screenwriter (b. 1940)
    • Ralph Stanley, American bluegrass musician (b. 1927)
  • June 25 – Maurice G. Dantec, French writer (b. 1959)
  • June 27
    • Bud Spencer, Italian actor, swimmer, and water polo player (b. 1929)
    • Alvin Toffler, American writer and futurist (b. 1928)
  • June 28
    • Scotty Moore, American guitarist (b. 1931)
    • Pat Summitt, American basketball coach (b. 1952)
  • June 30 – Martin Lundström, Swedish Olympic cross country skier (b. 1918)

July[edit]

Elie Wiesel
Zygmunt Zimowski
Ursula Franklin
Piet de Jong
Fazil Iskander
  • July 1 – Yves Bonnefoy, French poet (b. 1923)
  • July 2
    • Michael Cimino, American screenwriter and film director (b. 1939)
    • Rudolf E. Kálmán, Hungarian-born American electrical engineer (b. 1930)
    • Patrick Manning, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago (b. 1946)
    • Michel Rocard, Prime Minister of France (b. 1930)
    • Elie Wiesel, Romanian-born American Nobel writer and political activist (b. 1928)
    • Caroline Aherne, English actress, comedian and writer (b. 1963)
  • July 3 – Noel Neill, American actress (b. 1920)
  • July 4 – Abbas Kiarostami, Iranian film director (b. 1940)
  • July 6
    • John McMartin, American actor (b. 1929)
    • Turgay Şeren, Turkish footballer (b. 1932)
  • July 8
    • Abdul Sattar Edhi, Pakistani philanthropist, social activist, and ascetic (b. 1928)
    • William H. McNeill, Canadian-American historian and author (b. 1917)
  • July 9 – Silvano Piovanelli, Italian cardinal (b. 1924)
  • July 12 – Goran Hadžić, Serbian politician and convicted war criminal (b. 1958)
  • July 13
    • Héctor Babenco, Argentine-Brazilian film director (b. 1946)
    • Bernardo Provenzano, Italian criminal (b. 1933)
    • Zygmunt Zimowski, Polish bishop (b. 1949)
  • July 14 – Péter Esterházy, Hungarian writer (b. 1950)
  • July 16
    • Nate Thurmond, American basketball player (b. 1941)
    • Alan Vega, American vocalist and visual artist (b. 1938)
  • July 19
    • Garry Marshall, American film director, television producer and actor (b. 1934)
    • Anthony D. Smith, British historical sociologist (b. 1939)
  • July 22 – Ursula Franklin, German-born Canadian scientist (b. 1921)
  • July 23 – Thorbjörn Fälldin, 2-Time Prime Minister of Sweden (b. 1926)
  • July 25
    • Halil İnalcık, Turkish historian (b. 1916)
    • Dwight Jones, American basketball player (b. 1952)
    • Tim LaHaye, American evangelist and author (b. 1926)
  • July 27
    • Einojuhani Rautavaara, Finnish composer (b. 1928)
    • Piet de Jong, Dutch politician and naval officer, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1915)
  • July 28
    • Mahasweta Devi, Indian social activist and writer (b. 1926)
    • Vladica Kovačević, Serbian footballer (b. 1940)
    • Émile Derlin Zinsou, 4th President of Dahomey (b. 1918)
  • July 30 – Gloria DeHaven, American actress (b. 1925)
  • July 31
    • Fazil Iskander, Russian writer (b. 1929)
    • Bobbie Heine Miller, South African tennis player (b. 1909)
    • Chiyonofuji Mitsugu, Japanese sumo wrestler (b. 1955)
    • Seymour Papert, South African-born American mathematician and computer scientist (b. 1928)

August[edit]

Queen Anne of Romania
Mohammad Ali Samatar
Walter Scheel
Juan Gabriel
Gene Wilder
  • August 1 – Queen Anne of Romania, French-born consort of former King Michael of Romania (b. 1923)
  • August 2
    • David Huddleston, American actor (b. 1930)
    • Franciszek Macharski, Polish cardinal (b. 1927)
    • Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian-American Nobel chemist (b. 1946)
  • August 3 – Chris Amon, New Zealand motor racing driver (b. 1943)
  • August 9 – Gerald Grosvenor, 6th Duke of Westminster (b. 1951)
  • August 13
    • Kenny Baker, English actor (b. 1934)
    • Françoise Mallet-Joris, Belgian writer (b. 1930)
  • August 14
    • Hermann Kant, German writer (b. 1926)
    • Fyvush Finkel, American actor (b. 1922)
  • August 15
    • Dalian Atkinson, English footballer (b. 1968)
    • Stefan Henze, German canoeist and coach (b. 1981)
    • Bobby Hutcherson, American jazz musician (b. 1941)
  • August 16
    • Andrew Florent, Australian tennis player (b. 1970)
    • João Havelange, Brazilian athlete and football executive (b. 1916)
  • August 17 – Arthur Hiller, Canadian film director (b. 1923)
  • August 18 – Ernst Nolte, German historian (b. 1923)
  • August 19
    • Lou Pearlman, American music manager and record producer (b. 1954)
    • Nina Ponomaryova, Russian Olympic discus thrower (b. 1929)
    • Jack Riley, American actor (b. 1935)
    • Mohammad Ali Samatar, 5th Prime Minister of Somalia (b. 1931)
  • August 22
    • S. R. Nathan, 6th President of Singapore (b. 1924)
    • Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz musician (b. 1922)
  • August 23
    • Steven Hill, American film and television actor (b. 1922)
    • Berit Mørdre Lammedal, Norwegian cross-country skier (b. 1940)
    • Reinhard Selten, German Nobel economist (b. 1930)
  • August 24
    • Michel Butor, French writer (b. 1926)
    • Walter Scheel, 8th President of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) (b. 1919)
    • Roger Y. Tsien, American Nobel biologist (b. 1952)
  • August 25
    • James Cronin, American Nobel physicist (b. 1931)
    • Sonia Rykiel, French fashion designer (b. 1930)
    • Rudy Van Gelder, American recording engineer (b. 1924)
  • August 26 – Harald Grønningen, Norwegian cross country skier (b. 1934)
  • August 28
    • Binyamin Ben-Eliezer, Israeli politician and former Deputy Prime Minister (b. 1936)
    • Mr. Fuji, American professional wrestler and wrestling manager (b. 1934)
    • Juan Gabriel, Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1950)
  • August 29 – Gene Wilder, American actor (b. 1933)
  • August 30
    • Věra Čáslavská, Czech gymnast (b. 1942)
    • Marc Riboud, French photographer (b. 1923)

September[edit]

Islam Karimov
Phyllis Schlafly
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
Shimon Peres
Miriam Defensor Santiago
  • September 1 – Jon Polito, American actor (b. 1950)
  • September 2
    • Islam Karimov, 1st President of Uzbekistan (b. 1938)
    • Daniel Willems, Belgian cyclist (b. 1956)
  • September 3
    • Johnny Rebel, American white supremacist singer and songwriter (b. 1938)
    • Jean-Christophe Yoccoz, French mathematician (b. 1957)
  • September 5
    • Hugh O'Brian, American actor (b. 1925)
    • Phyllis Schlafly, American writer and political activist (b. 1924)
  • September 7
    • Joseph Keller, American mathematician (b. 1923)
    • Norbert Schemansky, American weightlifter (b. 1924)
  • September 8
    • Prince Buster, Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer (b. 1938)
    • Dragiša Pešić, 5th Prime Minister of Serbia and Montenegro (b. 1954)
  • September 10 – Joy Viado, Filipino comedian and actress (b. 1959)
  • September 11
    • Alexis Arquette, American actress, cabaret performer, underground cartoonist, and activist (b. 1969)
    • Ricky Tosso, Peruvian actor (b. 1960)
  • September 12 – Sándor Csoóri, Hungarian poet (b. 1930)
  • September 13 – Jonathan Riley-Smith, English medieval historian (b. 1938)
  • September 16
    • Edward Albee, American playwright (b. 1928)
    • Gabriele Amorth, Italian Catholic priest and exorcist (b. 1925)
    • Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, 10th President and 49th Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1920)
    • António Mascarenhas Monteiro, 2nd President of Cape Verde (b. 1944)
    • Qiao Renliang, Chinese singer and actor (b. 1987)
  • September 17
    • Charmian Carr, American actress (b. 1942)
    • C. Martin Croker, American animator and voice actor (b. 1962)
    • Sigge Parling, Swedish footballer (b. 1930)
  • September 20 – Curtis Hanson, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1945)
  • September 22 - Walter Bush, American ice hockey administrator (b. 1929)
  • September 23 – Marcel Artelesa, French footballer (b. 1938)
  • September 24
    • Bill Mollison, Australian researcher, author and biologist (b. 1928)
    • Bill Nunn, American actor (b. 1953)
  • September 25
    • José Fernández, Cuban-American baseball pitcher (b. 1992)
    • David Padilla, 64th President of Bolivia (b. 1927)
    • Arnold Palmer, American professional golfer (b. 1929)
    • Jean Shepard, American honky-tonk singer-songwriter (b. 1933)
    • Rod Temperton, English songwriter, record producer and musician (b. 1949)
  • September 26 – Herschell Gordon Lewis, American film director and screenwriter (b. 1929)
  • September 27 – Jamshid Amouzegar, 71st Prime Minister of Iran (b. 1923)
  • September 28 – Shimon Peres, 9th President and 8th Prime Minister of Israel, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1923)
  • September 29 – Miriam Defensor Santiago, Filipino politician (b. 1945)
  • September 30 – Trịnh Thị Ngọ, Vietnamese radio personality (b. 1931)

October[edit]

Andrzej Wajda
Bhumibol Adulyadej
Kigeli V of Rwanda
  • October 1 – David Herd, Scottish footballer (b. 1934)
  • October 2 – Neville Marriner, British conductor (b. 1924)
  • October 4 – Brigitte Hamann, German-Austrian historian and author (b. 1940)
  • October 5 – Michal Kováč, 1st President of Slovakia (b. 1930)
  • October 8
    • Gary Dubin, American actor and voice actor (b. 1959)
    • Stylianos Pattakos, Greek military officer (b. 1912)
  • October 9
    • Mamadou Dembelé, 3rd Prime Minister of Mali (b. 1934)
    • Andrzej Wajda, Polish film director (b. 1926)
  • October 11 – Teatao Teannaki, 2nd President of Kiribati (b. 1936)
  • October 12 – Thomas Mikal Ford, American actor and comedian (b. 1964)
  • October 13
    • Bhumibol Adulyadej (Rama IX), King of Thailand (b. 1927)
    • Dario Fo, Italian actor, Nobel playwright and comedian (b. 1926)
  • October 14 – Klim Churyumov, Soviet-Ukrainian astronomer (b. 1937)
  • October 15 – Bruce Marshall, American ice hockey coach (b. 1962)
  • October 16
    • Kigeli V, King of Rwanda (b. 1936)
    • Viktor Zubkov, Russian basketball player (b. 1937)
  • October 20 – Junko Tabei, Japanese mountaineer (b. 1939)
  • October 23 – Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani, Emir of Qatar (b. 1932)
  • October 24
    • Jorge Batlle, 38th President of Uruguay (b. 1927)
    • Benjamin Creme, Scottish artist, author and esotericist (b. 1922)
    • Reinhard Häfner, German footballer (b. 1952)
    • Bobby Vee, American pop singer (b. 1943)
  • October 25 – Carlos Alberto Torres, Brazilian footballer (b. 1944)
  • October 27 – Takahito, Prince Mikasa (b. 1915)
  • October 28 – Nicholas Brathwaite, 3rd Prime Minister of Grenada (b. 1925)
  • October 29
    • Roland Dyens, French classical guitarist and composer (b. 1955)
    • Pen Sovan, 32nd Prime Minister of Cambodia (b. 1936)
  • October 31 – Silvio Gazzaniga, Italian sculptor (b. 1921)

November[edit]

Leonard Cohen
Sixto Durán Ballén
Konstantinos Stephanopoulos
Fidel Castro
Luis Alberto Monge
  • November 2 – Oleg Popov, Soviet and Russian clown (b. 1930)
  • November 4 – Jean-Jacques Perrey, French electronic music producer (b. 1929)
  • November 5 – Marek Svatoš, Slovak ice hockey player (b. 1982)
  • November 6 – Zoltán Kocsis, Hungarian pianist, conductor and composer (b. 1952)
  • November 7
    • Leonard Cohen, Canadian singer, songwriter and poet (b. 1934)
    • Janet Reno, American lawyer, U.S. Attorney General (b. 1938)
  • November 11
    • Ilse Aichinger, Austrian writer (b. 1921)
    • Željko Čajkovski, Croatian football player (b. 1925)
    • Robert Vaughn, American actor (b. 1932)
  • November 12 – Lupita Tovar, Mexican-American actress (b. 1910)
  • November 13
    • Enzo Maiorca, Italian free diver (b. 1931)
    • Leon Russell, American musician (b. 1942)
  • November 14
    • Gwen Ifill, American journalist (b. 1955)
    • Gardnar Mulloy, American tennis player (b. 1913)
  • November 15
    • Mose Allison, American jazz musician (b. 1927)
    • Sixto Durán Ballén, 37th President of Ecuador (b. 1921)
  • November 16
    • Jay Wright Forrester, American computer engineer (b. 1918)
    • Melvin Laird, American politician and writer (b. 1922)
    • Daniel Prodan, Romanian football player (b. 1972)
  • November 17 – Whitney Smith, American vexillologist (b. 1940)
  • November 18
    • Denton Cooley, American heart surgeon (b. 1920)
    • Sharon Jones, American soul singer (b. 1956)
  • November 20
    • Gabriel Badilla, Costa Rican footballer (b. 1984)
    • Konstantinos Stephanopoulos, 5th President of Greece (b. 1926)
    • William Trevor, Irish writer (b. 1928)
  • November 22 – M. Balamuralikrishna, Indian musician, multi-instrumentalist, singer and composer (b. 1930)
  • November 23
    • Rita Barberá, Spanish politician (b. 1948)
    • Andrew Sachs, German-born British actor (b. 1930)
  • November 24
    • Florence Henderson, American actress (b. 1934)
    • Pauline Oliveros, American composer (b. 1932)
  • November 25
    • Fidel Castro, 16th Prime Minister and 17th President of Cuba (b. 1926)
    • Ron Glass, American actor (b. 1945)
    • David Hamilton, British photographer (b. 1933)
  • November 27 – Ioannis Grivas, 176th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1923)
  • November 28
    • Cléber Santana, Brazilian footballer (b. 1981)
    • Mark Taimanov, Russian chess Grandmaster and concert pianist (b. 1926)
  • November 29 – Luis Alberto Monge, 39th President of Costa Rica (b. 1925)

December[edit]

John Glenn
Thomas Schelling
Zsa Zsa Gabor
Andrei Karlov
George Michael
Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds
  • December 2 – Sammy Lee, American Olympic diver (b. 1920)
  • December 4 – Gotlib, French comic artist (b. 1934)
  • December 5
    • Geydar Dzhemal, Russian Islamic philosopher (b. 1947)
    • Jayalalithaa Jayaram, Indian politician (b. 1948)
  • December 6 – Peter Vaughan, British actor (b. 1923)
  • December 7
    • Junaid Jamshed, Pakistani recording artist (b. 1964)
    • Paul Elvstrøm, Danish Olympic yachtsman (b. 1928)
    • Greg Lake, British musician (b. 1947)
  • December 8
    • John Glenn, American aviator, astronaut and politician (b. 1921)
    • Joseph Mascolo, American actor (b. 1929)
  • December 10 – Esma Redžepova, Macedonian-Romani singer (b. 1943)
  • December 12
    • E. R. Braithwaite, Guyanese-born British-American novelist, writer, teacher, and diplomat (b. 1912)
    • Javier Echevarría Rodríguez, Spanish bishop (b. 1932)
  • December 13
    • Thomas Schelling, American Nobel economist (b. 1921)
    • Alan Thicke, Canadian actor and songwriter (b. 1947)
  • December 14
    • Paulo Evaristo Arns, Brazilian prelate (b. 1921)
    • Bernard Fox, Welsh actor (b. 1927)
  • December 16 – Faina Melnik, Ukrainian-born Russian Olympic discus thrower (b. 1945)
  • December 17 – Henry Heimlich, American physician (b. 1920)
  • December 18 – Zsa Zsa Gabor, Hungarian-American actress and socialite (b. 1917)
  • December 19 – Andrei Karlov, Russian diplomat (b. 1954)
  • December 20 – Michèle Morgan, French actress (b. 1920)
  • December 22 – Miruts Yifter, Ethiopian long-distance runner (b. 1944)
  • December 23
    • Heinrich Schiff, Austrian cellist (b. 1951)
    • Piers Sellers, British-American astronaut and meteorologist (b. 1955)
    • Vesna Vulović, Serbian air disaster survivor (b. 1950)
  • December 24
    • Richard Adams, British author (b. 1920)
    • Rick Parfitt, British musician (b. 1948)
    • Liz Smith, British actress (b. 1921)
  • December 25
    • George Michael, British singer (b. 1963)
    • Vera Rubin, American astronomer (b. 1928)
  • December 26 – Ashot Anastasian, Armenian chess grandmaster (b. 1964)
  • December 27
    • Carrie Fisher, American actress and writer (b. 1956)
    • Ratnasiri Wickremanayake, 12th Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1933)
  • December 28
    • Gregorio Conrado Álvarez, President of Uruguay (b. 1925)
    • Michel Déon, French writer (b. 1919)
    • Debbie Reynolds, American actress, dancer, and singer (b. 1932)
  • December 29
    • Néstor Gonçalves, Uruguayan footballer (b. 1936)
    • Ferdinand Kübler, Swiss racing cyclist (b. 1919)
  • December 30 – Tyrus Wong, Chinese-born American artist (b. 1910)
  • December 31
    • William Christopher, American actor and comedian (b. 1932)
    • Henning Christophersen, Danish politician (b. 1939)

Nobel Prizes[edit]

  • Chemistry – Ben Feringa, Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Fraser Stoddart
  • Economics – Oliver Hart, Bengt R. Holmström
  • LiteratureBob Dylan
  • Peace – Juan Manuel Santos
  • Physics – John M. Kosterlitz, Duncan Haldane, David J. Thouless
  • Physiology or Medicine – Yoshinori Ohsumi

New English words[edit]

  • moscovium
  • nihonium
  • oganesson
  • tennessine
  • utility token[57]

See also[edit]

  • 2010s political history
  • List of international years

References[edit]

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