André (Pixar character)
|The Adventures of André & Wally B. character|
|First appearance||The Adventures of André & Wally B. (1984)|
|Created by||Alvy Ray Smith|
|Designed by||John Lasseter|
|Species||Unnamed humanoid species (short)|
André is a character from the 1984 American animated short film The Adventures of André & Wally B., which was produced by The Graphics Group. As his first appearance is considered as the first Pixar short film and initially it was going to have as a plot that an android contemplates the landscape after waking up, he is the first Pixar character (not counting the characters from the cancelled film The Works). However, despite the fact that the short film he appeared has been revolutionary in computer-generated images, he is one of the obscurest Disney characters.
Concept and creation
Pixar was founded on February 3, 1979 under a Lucasfilm division called The Graphics Group. At that time, six of the Computer Graphics Lab employees, including Edwin Catmull and Alvy Ray Smith, were hired by George Lucas. Four years later, after returning from SIGGRAPH, Catmull and Smith decided they would made a short demonstration of 3D character animation.
Development of the short film began on July 31, 1983, when it was tentatively titled Android's Awake and its original plot was about an android gazing at the forest happily after waking up, as well as John Lasseter left Walt Disney Productions and he was hired to work for The Graphics Group. André was originally a noseless android with beady eyes, but over time it was redesigned little by little by Lasseter in the vein of Mickey Mouse, whereas the short film's title changed to My Breakfast with André, in reference to My Dinner with Andre. In the first redesign, he was given a spherical black nose and his eyes were made wider and rounder. When they were creating André's model, they attempted at it by using a sphere capped by a cone to realize his torso, but Lasseter felt it was too sterile, so Catmull created the "teardrop" shape in order to realize André's torso. David Salesin created the "bound" shape with the help of Catmull and Loren Carpenter so they can model André's eyelids and mouth. The final model required 26 pages in the C-like programming language "model", as well as the final model was built with 547 controls.
André is a boy who belongs to a pudgy, seallike blue humanoid species with thin limbs. Like many cartoon characters, he has large eyes and the eyes are close together, as well as he has four fingers on each hand. He lacks hair and has eyebrows that are slightly darker than his skin. According to the colored concept arts, he has dark blue eyes, although in the short film they are colored black. His nose is spherical and is black. He can communicate by buccal speech, just like Donald Duck and Yakky Doodle.
He wears a fez-like hat that is red, yellow, and dark green. He also wears a white short-sleeved T-shirt, which it has a bee drawn according to the short film. He wears red shorts, blue and red striped socks, and white gloves. The latter ones are similar to Mickey Mouse's. He also wears white sneakers with three turquoise stripes, red laces and dirty soles.
Personality and hobbies
André is cautious, calm and possibly introverted, but at the same time he is an impulsive and sneaky schadenfreuder.
As for his hobbies, little is known about him. As the beginning of the short film suggests, it is possible that he takes naps. One of the artworks featured in the credits also reveals that André has contact with nature, as he is looking at the forest in this concept art. According to one of the early concept arts before the creation of Wally B., it depicts André surfing, suggesting that it may be his favorite sport. André also has the affinity for running, as shown in the short and six artworks.
The Adventures of André & Wally B.
André appears for the first time when he was sleeping in front of four brown rocks, then André wakes up. Once he get up, the first thing he does is scratching a part of his hip and then he yawns. After he stretches, his whole body wobbles briefly and returns to its normal height. He was frightened when he heard the buzzing of a bumblebee (later revealed to be Wally B.). He confronts the bee with caution until distracting him the moment Wally B. finished bothering him. Once Wally B. is distracted, André takes advantage of the escape but ends up being stinged. As revenge for the sting he had received, André throws his own hat at Wally B.
In other media
André appears on a clock owned by the bike shop from the Pixar short film Red's Dream, where his arms acted like hands. Furthermore, Disney Wiki, a Disney-themed wiki created in Fandom, claims that André appeared briefly in Toy Story 2, specifically in the scene when Hamm is quickly flipping through the channels on Andy's television.
Aside from the cameo appearances, he also appeared on limited merchandise, always accompanied with Wally B. He appeared in a drawing of the now-rare red T-shirts where André is in the forest together with Wally B. and they are both happy, although both are enemies. André also appears along with Wally B. and the Stained Glass Knight from Young Sherlock Holmes, which the latter one is nicknamed "Tony" by the employees who worked on the film, in a Christmas card titled From Our House to Yours. This Christmas card was only sent to Ollie Johnston in Christmas 1985, a few months before it transitioned from being a Lucasfilm division to being an independent hardware company as Steve Jobs bought it. After the year 1985, André didn't appeared in merchandise until 2006, the year Disney acquired Pixar. Since the acquisition, André appeared in three Pixar-themed anniversary pins along with Wally B. The first pin depicts André in front of Wally B., with a design close to that of the short film that appeared and he is running in it. The second pin depicts him with a different coloration and he is gazing penetratingly at Wally B., as both are in a dark blue background. The third one comes out more or less with the same design as the previous one and this pin is a replica of the scene where André distracts the bee.
- Tiny Toy Stories, the first home video compilation of Pixar short films whose cover appears André on the left.
- Luxo Jr., Pixar's official mascot.
- Foxy, an obscure Merrie Melodies character who is too similar to Mickey Mouse, Disney's mascot.
- "André & Wally B.". Pixar.com. Pixar. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
- Hormby, Thomas (January 22, 2007). "The Pixar Story: Fallon Forbes, Dick Shoup, Alex Schure, George Lucas and Disney". Low End Mac. Retrieved March 1, 2007.
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- Neupert, Richard. John Lasseter. University of Illinois Press, 2016. 32-40.
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- Diamond, Ron. On Animation: The Director's Perspective Vol 1. CRC Press, 2019. 76-77.
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- Buckley, A. M.. Pixar: The Company and Its Founders. ABDO, 2011. 28-32.
- Paik, Karen (2007). To Infinity and Beyond!: The Story of Pixar Animation Studios. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. pp. 42–44. ISBN 978-0-8118-5012-4. Search this book on
- Price, David A. (November 11, 2008). "Art challenging technology". The Pixar Touch. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
- Khalid, Amrita (July 21, 2017). "84 Fascinating Pixar Facts And Secrets You Didn't Know". The Daily Dot. Retrieved November 25, 2020.
- "Pixar, la fábrica de éxitos que ha revolucionado el cine de animación" [Pixar, the factory of successes that has revolutionized the animation cinema]. RTVE (in español). July 29, 2009. Retrieved September 26, 2020. Unknown parameter
- Amidi, Amid (2009). The Art of Pixar Short Films. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-8118-6606-4. Search this book on
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