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Australian Defence Force Missile Procurement

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Australian Defence Force missile procurement[edit]

Australian Defence Force Missile Procurement
("Australian Missile Age")
ProductsBallistic missile
Precision Strike Missile
Rocket artillery
Cruise missile
Hypersonic Cruise Missile
SCIFiRE Missile Program
Joint Strike Missile
Anti-ship missile
Naval Strike Missile
Anti-ballistic missile
RIM-174 Standard ERAM
Anti-radiation missile
Launch Vehicles
Prime Minister(s)Scott Morrison
Anthony Albanese
Budget$4bn (Long Range Capability)
StatusIn development
WebsiteLua error in Module:Wikidata at line 446: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).

The Australian Defence Force Missile Procurement (unofficial name) is a group of projects currently being undertaken by the Australian Defence Force that attempts to provide Australia with a long-range strike capability, currently in the realm of numerous advanced missiles.[1] This accelerated phase of procurement begun in 2020 when then-Prime Minister of Australia, Scott Morrison, announced that Australia would purchase $800m worth of the US-manufactured AGM-158C LRASM anti-ship missile.[2] This was due to the rising tensions with China, as well as the outdated nature of the Harpoon missile, the default anti-ship option for Australia at the time.[2]

Following this, in 2021, Australia abandoned its deal with France to produce Attack-class submarines for the Royal Australian Navy, in favour for AUKUS, a trilateral deal between Australia, the United States, and the United Kingdom to provide Australia with SSN-AUKUS nuclear powered submarines.[3] As part of Pillar II of AUKUS, the US and Australia will collaborate on various different military technology, the most relevant of which being the SCIFiRE hypersonic missile in joint development between the United States and Australia.[4]

Australia plans to domestically manufacture advanced missiles, first with the GMLRS for the M142 HIMARS systems, from 2025, in a $37m deal with Lockheed Martin Australia.[5] Australia plans to later manufacture the Precision Strike short-range ballistic missile domestically sometime in the future,[6][7] to replace the ADF's aging stockpile of the MGM-140 ATACMS tactical ballistic missile.

Ballistic Missiles[edit]

Australia ordered MGM-140 ATACMS in 2023.[8] The ATACMS is an American-manufactured tactical ballistic missile that is compatible with Australian HIMARS systems. The ATACMS is an ageing missile, and as such, Australia has no intent to build them domestically. Australia is a part of the American Precision Strike Missile program, that will provide Australia with a successor to the ATACMS, which will be a short-range ballistic missile.[9] The PrSM has a longer range of between 500 km (for the original variant) and up to 1000 km (for the Increment 3/4) which Australia will also acquire.

Rocket Artillery[edit]


The GMLRS is perhaps at the forefront of Australia's domestic manufacturing deal, as Australia has signed a deal with Lockheed Martin Australia to build them domestically from 2025.[10] The GMLRS is a guided-rocket that can be fired from the HIMARS, with the launcher able to carry and launch 12 of them,[11] as opposed to one ATACMS and two PrSM. The GMLRS has a range of 70 km, and is a cheaper alternative to the former missiles. The extended range variant can reach up to 150 km.[12]

Land Attack Cruise Missiles[edit]

Australia has announced it will procure roughly 200 of the advanced US Tomahawk missile, in a deal worth $1.7bn USD.[13] The Tomahawk is a land-attack cruise missile, with a range of 1,900 km, which Australia plans to launch from its Hobart-class destroyers via their Vertical launching system cells.

Australia will also procure the AGM-158 JASSM-ER, a longer range version of the JASSM, a missile already in Australian use. The JASSM-ER has a range of 900 km and is air-launched cruise missile.[14]

Australia is buying the Joint Strike Missile, a Norwegian device that has anti-ship use and land-attack uses.[15]

Hypersonic Missile[edit]


Anti-ship Missile[edit]

AGM-158C LRASM Naval Strike Missile

Anti-ballistic Missile[edit]

RIM-174 Standard ERAM

Anti-radiation Missile[edit]


Launch Vehicles[edit]



  1. Nicholson, Brendan (2023-04-24). "Australia enters the missile age". Openforum. Retrieved 2024-04-23.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Hurst, Daniel (2020-06-30). "Australia to acquire long-range missiles as PM warns of dangerous post-Covid-19 world". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2024-04-23.
  3. "AUKUS: The Trilateral Security Partnership Between Australia, U.K. and U.S." U.S. Department of Defense. Retrieved 2024-04-23.
  4. "Australia-US team to develop new hypersonic cruise missile - Australian Defence Magazine". Retrieved 2024-04-23.
  5. "Details of Lockheed Martin missile manufacturing deal - Australian Defence Magazine". Retrieved 2024-04-23.
  7. "Australia Commits To Precision Strike Missile Increments 3, 4 | Aviation Week Network".
  8. "Arms transfer database". Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  9. "Precision Strike Missile completes short-range test - Australian Defence Magazine". Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  10. Reporter; Dougherty, Robert (2024-01-22). "Thales welcomes GMLRS announcement for domestic missile manufacturing". Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  11. "Defence signs $37m domestic missile manufacturing contract - Australian Defence Magazine". Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  12. "GMLRS: The Precision Fires Go-To Round". Lockheed Martin. Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  13. Staff, Naval News (2023-08-21). "Australia Moves Forward with Tomahawk Missile Procurement". Naval News. Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  14. "US approves JASSM ER sale to Australia - Australian Defence Magazine". Retrieved 2024-04-24.
  15. Retrieved 2024-04-24. Missing or empty |title= (help)

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