Bisen Kshatriya

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Bisen or Virsen is a Rajput caste from northern and western India. The present Raja Saheb of Majhauli in Gorakhpur district. Bisen or Vishen are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan found in North India, mainly in the state of Uttar Pradesh. They are found in the provinces of Himanchal Pradesh, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Bihar. They are a powerful and an ancient Rajput clan (Raj Vansha) named after Raja Birsen (hence Bisen) of the Suket Kingdom (H.P) and have several kingdoms in the northern plains of India. They are a brave, generous, land-owning (zamindar) clan. Raja Prithvi Mull of Majhauli was the ancestor of the Bisen dynasty.

Bisen Vansh – One branch of Chandraketu's family, went to Karnataka and ruled there. In this branch, a king named Mayur Varman conquered the Pallavas of Kanchi and ruled there. The fifth generation was "Kukutstha Varman" who returned to ancient Malla Rashtra i.e. in Gorakhpur district around 359 AD. They were known as Mayurvanshi with the name Mayur Verman. Later in the same family Bisvasen was born and thus the Bisen clan came into existence. Another branch of the same clan is "Vatmela vansh", "Gai vansh", "Bambvat vansh", "Avakaho vansh", "Tavkaho vansh", "Donwar vansh" and they are spread across Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. The Gotras are Parashar, Bharadwaj, Shandilya, Atri and Vatsa.[1]

Location : Oudh, Gorakhpur, Ballia

Seat : Majhauli

Lineage : Bisen

Religion: Hindu

Vansh: Suryavanshi

Gotra : Parashar, Bhardwaj, Shandilya, Atri, Vatsa

Ved: Samved

Kuldevi : Durga

[2]States and Cities:[edit]

Bhadri, Bhinga, Daryabad, Deotaha, Dhangarh, Dumaria, Gonda, Hahiawan, Kalakankar, Kundrajit, Majhauli, Manjhigaon, Mankapur, Puwansi, Sheikhpur Chauras, etc.

Branches:[edit]

Donwar, Bambwar and Bamtola

History: [3][edit]

The name of this clan is derived from the Sanskrit 'viswa' and 'sena'. They claim descent from a Rajput adventurer or ascetic named Mayura Bhatta, and through him from a famous Rishi, Jamadagni. At a remote age, Mayura Bhatta left Benares with a few followers to establish a kingdom, at the expense of the aboriginal tribes. He settled at first in Azamgarh district, and then crossing the Gogra, obtained a victory over several Bhar chiefs, and greatly increased his territory. He is said to have three sons by three different wives, a Rajputni, a Bhuinharin and a Brahmani. He was followed by 79 Rajas who used Sen as their title. The 80th Raja, Hardeo Sen, was granted the title of Malla by the Emperor of Delhi, on account of his bravery. He is claimed as ancestor by the Malla Kings of Nepal. The Bisen Rajputs are predominantly found in Uttar Pradesh (predominantly in Allahabad, Benares, Mirzapur, Jaunpur, Ghazipur, Ballia, Gorakhpur, Basti, Azamgarh, Faizabad, Gonda and Bahraich districts), with a smaller scattering in Bihar. They are further divided into two houses, viz. the Bisens of Majhauli and the Bisens of Deorhi, and are further separated into the five gotras as follows, Parasar, Bharadwaj, Sandil, Atri and Batas.

The ancestor of the Bisen Dynasty of Gonda, Bhinga, Kalakankar etc was Raja Prithvi Mull of Majhauli in Gorakhpur. Gonda was founded by Man Mull, the first to use the surname of Singh, who was given the title of Raja in 1618 by the Mughal Emperor. He was also the ancestor of the Rulers of Bhinga and Mankapur.

  • Raja Prithvi Mal, Raja of Majhauli in Gorakhpur district; married and had issue.
    • Rai Ratan Mal, married and had issue.
      • Rai Pratap Mal, married and had issue.
        • Rai Shah Mal, married and had issue.
          • Rai Kusum Mal, married and had issue.
            • Raja Man Singh, 1st Raja of Gonda and the first of the family to use Singh as title, he was the ancestor of the Rajas of Mankapur, Bhinga and Gonda (qqv)
      • Rai Hum Mal aka Hom Mal, he settled at Bargaon in 1193 (traditional date), married a daughter of Manik Chand of Manikpur (see Rathore), and had issue.
        • Purandar Rai, of Purabar village, married and had issue.
          • Rai Gohal aka Gopal, of Gopalpura, married and had issue.
            • Rai Ragho aka Raghu (qv)
  • Rai Ragho, he made his capital at Derwa, founder of Raghopur and Raepur; married and had issue.
    • Rai Askaran Singh, Taluqdar of Rampur Dharupur (see Kalakankar)
    • Kashi Rai, Taluqdar of Dhingwas and Dhangarh, married and had issue.
      • five generations
        • Thakur Chain Singh, married and had issue.
          • Thakur Ausan Singh, married and had issue.
            • Thakur Devi Singh, married and had issue. He died 1808.
              • Thakur Raghunath Singh, married and had issue. He died 1842.
                • Thakur Pirthipal Singh
                • Thakur Sheopal Singh
                • Thakur Shitla Bakhsh Singh, joint Taluqdar of Dhangarh (45 villages, Rs 15,549, 1877); married and had issue.
                  • son, married and had issue.
                    • Diwan Lal Jagdish Bahadur Singh, Taluqdar of Dhangarh hissa IX
                • Thakur Shankar Singh, married and had issue.
                  • Diwan Lal Sheo Pratap Singh, Taluqdar of Dhingwas, married and had issue.
                    • Diwan Lal Chhattardhari Singh, Taluqdar of Dhangarh hissa VII
            • Thakur Jagannath Singh
          • Thakur Risal Singh, married and had issue.
            • Thakur Jhan Singh, married and had issue.
              • Thakur Bhawani Singh
              • Thakur Beni Singh [or Ram Singh]
              • Thakur Meharban Singh
              • Thakur Mahipal Singh, married Thakurain Kablas Kunwar, Taluqdarani of Pawansi (94 villages, Rs 43,498, 1877).
    • Rai Khem Karan, Taluqdar of Derwa, youngest son, married and had issue.
      • Rai Kalyan Shah, married and had issue, four sons.
        • Rai Sabal Shah, founder of the Bhadri Taluqa, married and had issue (see Bhadri).
        • Rai Joghar Rai, founder of the Kundarjit or Kondrajit Taluqa (69 villages, Rs 43,577, 1877).
        • Rai Himmat Shah, founder of the Dhiawan or Dahiawan Taluqa (10 villages, Rs 7,845, 1877).
        • Rai Durga Shah [aka Darshan Shah], founder of the Shekhpur Chauras aka Shaikhpur Chauras Taluqa (14 villages, Rs 6,280, 1877).
      • Thakur Lal Shah, Taluqdar of Bhadri, married and had issue.
        • Thakur Jit Singh, Taluqdar of Bhadri, married and had issue.
          • Thakur Daljit Singh, Taluqdar of Bhadri.
    • Babu Rai, Taluqdar of Kindhauli.
    • Rai Ranjit, Taluqdar of Purmai.

References[edit]

  1. Project, Joshua. "Rajput Bisen (Hindu traditions) in India". Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  2. Soszynski, Henry. "BISEN CLAN". members.iinet.net.au. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
  3. Rathore, Abhinay. "Rajput Provinces of India". Rajput Provinces of India. Retrieved 2018-08-01.


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