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Borders of Azerbaijan

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Borders of Azerbaijan
Fixed and undetermined hypothetical maritime borders in the Caspian Sea

The Borders of Azerbaijan define the land and maritime borders of Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan has international land borders with 5 states.

The neighboring countries are Russia to the north, Georgia to the northwest, Iran to the south, Turkey to the west (via the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the northwest) and Armenia to the west and via the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the north and east. To the east, Azerbaijan is bordered by the Caspian Sea which is classified as the world's largest lake and also as a closed sea.[1]

Additionally, in Armenia, there exist three Azerbaijani enclaves: Barxudarlı, Yuxarı Əskipara and Karki (located north of the region of Nakhchivan) Reciprocally, there exists one Armenian enclave, a village called Artsvashen in north-western Azerbaijan.

Although as a landlocked country, Azerbaijan has no access to the open sea (hence the ocean), it has a coastline of 713 km on the Caspian Sea, which is a lake or a closed sea depending on various definitions and interpretations. Because of its large size and being bordered by five countries, it has (still partially undefined) maritime borders and naval forces by all five Caspian littoral states. Azerbaijan's maritime boundaries with Russia and Kazakhstan have been determined, but is still disputed with Iran and Turkmenistan.[2][3]

Land borders[edit]

Table of countries with a land border with Azerbaijan
(listed by length of border).[4][5]
# Country Length (km)
1  Armenia 1007 (221 km on the border with Nakhchivan)
2  Iran 765 (179 km on the border with Nakhchivan)
3  Georgia 480
4  Russia 390
5  Turkey 8 (all on the border with Nakhchivan)
Total 2650

See also[edit]

  • State Border Service (Azerbaijan)
  • Border crossings of Azerbaijan


  1. "Land Boundaries". CIA, The World Factbook. 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2016..
  2. "Azerbaijan". CIA, The World Factbook. 2009. Retrieved 4 November 2016.
  3. "Legal Status of Caspian Sea". Naturalgasworld.com. 13 August 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2016..
  4. Hasanli, Ilgar. "COUNTRY REPORT: AZERBAIJAN BORDERS". University of Eastern Finland. Retrieved 10 November 2016.
  5. "Ümumi coğrafiya". Azərbaycan Respublikasının Prezidenti yanında Dövlət Qulluğu Məsələləri üzrə Komissiya (in azərbaycanca). Retrieved 10 November 2016.

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