COSCO SHIPPING Lines Co., Ltd.<br>中远海运集装箱运输有限公司
Area served 🗺️
|Yang Zhijian (Chairman)|
|Products 📟||Container shipping|
Number of employees
|Parent||COSCO Shipping Holdings|
COSCO SHIPPING Lines Co., Ltd. (Chinese: 中远海运集运) is a multinational ocean container shipping company. It is the world's third largest container shipping company in terms of vessel capacity, with 3.0 million TEUs as of December 2019. It is a subsidiary of COSCO Shipping Holdings, and it's ultimate parent is China's state-owned COSCO Shipping group. COSCO SHIPPING Lines was established in 2016 by the merger of COSCO Container Lines and China Shipping Container Lines.
COSCO Shanghai division
In April 1961 China's Ministry of Communications's the Ocean Shipping Bureau established China Ocean Shipping Company (COSCO) as a state-owned ocean shipping enterprise in Beijing. In 1964 China Ocean Shipping Co. established a subsidiary in Shanghai, COSCO Shanghai, as a specialized container shipping company. COSCO Shanghai was the predecessor of COSCO SHIPPING Lines.
In 1978, COSCO Shanghai's MV Ping Xiang Cheng sailed with 162 TEU from Shanghai to Sydney, Australia, which was China's first international ocean container service.:56 COSCO Shanghai commenced a monthly container service running two 200 TEU container ships between Shanghai, Xingang, Sydney, and Melbourne.
In 1982 COSCO Shanghai began regular trans-Pacific container services and in 1983 COSCO Shanghai started a new container trade route connecting Tianjin Port and Shanghai with ports in West Europe.
COSCO Container Lines (COSCON)
In 1994 COSCO Group was restructured. COSCO Container Line Limited (COSCON), was formed in Beijing to conduct the group's container operations in collaboration with regional COSCO subsidiaries such as the Shanghai branch. In November 1997, COSCO Container Line Limited merged with COSCO Shanghai and became the sole container shipping subsidiary of COSCO Group.
COSCO Container Lines opened its North American operations in Secaucus, NJ in 1993. COSCO Container Lines Americas built a large intermodal network in the US. The company invested in thousands of marine container chassis. COSCO Container Lines Americas also contracted with trucking companies and with major North American railroads.
In July 2007, COSCO Container Lines named the 10,000 TEU COSCO Asia at HHI shipyard in Ulsan. It was the largest container ship in COSCO's fleet at the time and the company later took delivery of three other 10,000 TEU ships. The 10,000 TEU vessels were highly automated and classed by Lloyd's Register to the highest environmental safety standards.
COSCO SHIPPING Lines
In March 2016 COSCO Container Lines' parent company, COSCO Group, merged with China Shipping Group. COSCO Container Lines acquired the assets of China Shipping Container Lines, the container shipping subsidiary of China Shipping Group and China's second largest container line. COSCO Container Lines was renamed COSCO SHIPPING Lines. After the integration with China Shipping Container Lines, COSCO has 502 container ships with 3.0 million TEU. The company has 255 international routes, calling at 356 ports in 105 countries.[non-primary source needed] COSCO SHIPPING Lines has ordered several mega-ships, such as the 20,000 TEU COSCO SHIPPING Taurus and the 21,000 TEU Universe-class container ships.
From the late 1990s to 2016 COSCO Container Lines was a member of the CKYHE alliance, a pooling agreement to share vessel space with "K" Line, Yang Ming, Hanjin, and Evergreen. In April 2016, COSCO SHIPPING Lines left the CKYHE alliance and formed a new 5-year vessel-sharing contract, the Ocean Alliance, along with CMA CGM, OOCL, and Evergreen Line.
On July 24, 2018, COSCO SHIPPING Lines reported a cyber attack to its operations in the United States, Canada, and South America. COSCO later reported that the attack caused minimal disruption to its operations.
In 2018, COSCO SHIPPING Holdings acquired Hong Kong-based OOIL, the parent of OOCL, for US$6.3 billion. After integration with the OOCL container fleet, COSCO SHIPPING Lines became the world's third largest container line in terms of vessel capacity.
In September 2013, COSCO Asia of COSCO Container Lines was attacked by terrorists as it transited the Suez Canal. The attackers reportedly used machine guns and RPG launchers to fire at the ship. Egyptian security forces quelled the attack and the ship sustained only minor damage.
In 2019, COSCO SHIPPING Lines was awarded “Protecting Blue Whales and Blue Skies" gold prize by several public and private agencies for voluntarily reducing the speed of its ships to 10 nautical miles or less within the San Francisco Bay Area.
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- China and the World Trade Organization
- COSCO Shipping
- Economy of China
- Intermodal freight transport
- List of largest container shipping companies
- Shipping industry of China
- Transport in China
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- COSCON, About UsArchived 19 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- Yang, Dong; Liu, Qing; Jiang, Liping; Zhang, Wei; Chu, Wenrong (2019). Duru, Okan, ed. Maritime Business and Economics - Asian Perspectives. Abingdon, Oxford: Routledge. ISBN 9781138282124. Search this book on
- Howard, Michael (2011). Transnationalism and Society - An Introduction. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company, Inc. pp. 128–129. ISBN 978-0-7864-6454-8. Search this book on
- COSCO, About, History Archived 25 February 2003 at the Wayback Machine
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- Railway, Canadian National (September 4, 2019). "CN and COSCO Shipping Lines Extend Intermodal Partnership". GlobeNewswire News Room.
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- Knowler, Greg (April 20, 2016). "Container shipping's new Ocean Alliance is born". JOC.com. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- "COSCO Container Lines, CMA CGM, Evergreen Line and Orient Overseas Container Line to establish OCEAN Alliance" (Press release). Shanghai. COSCO SHIPPING Lines. April 20, 2016. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
- "Cosco Reports Cyberattack at its U.S. Operations". The Maritime Executive. July 25, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- "COSCO Shipping Lines Falls Victim to Cyber Attack". Offshore Energy. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Mongelluzzo, Bill (July 24, 2018). "Cosco responds to cyber attack on US operations". JOC.com. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Mongelluzzo, Bill (July 30, 2018). "Cosco's pre-cyber attack efforts protected network". JOC.com. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- "China's Cosco Shipping Holdings completes OOCL acquisition". oevz.com. August 6, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- Jiang, Jason (July 26, 2018). "Cosco completes OOCL takeover". Splash 247.com. Retrieved December 1, 2020.
- "Ship attack foiled in Suez Canal". Al Jazeera. September 1, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Cosco Asia struck by RPG". Splash247.com. September 3, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2020.
- "Fifteen global shipping companies slowed cargo ships for 99,000 nautical miles in 2019 program off California coast to protect blue whales and blue skies" (Press release). SANTA BARBARA CHANNEL REGION and SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA, Calif. Air Pollution Control District, Santa Barbara County. May 19, 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
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