Constructive Universalism (Spanish: Universalismo constructivo) is an artistic movement first developed by the Uruguayan sculptor Joaquín Torres García, active in the field of plastic arts, in his 1944 manifesto of the same name. Constructive Universalism emphasizes the metaphysical aspects of art and the necessity of a Pan-American identity and culture in art. Constructive Universalism synthesized elements of neo-plasticism, cubism, surrealism, primitivism and pre-Columbian influences, and incorporated the Golden Ratio into art. Constructive Universalism also focused on the relationship with humans and a "cosmic order" and a connection of life with art, as best exemplified by Torres García's Monumento Cósmico, a stone engraving standing in Montevideo.
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- "Universalismo constructivo", Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre (in español), 2019-01-28, retrieved 2019-02-09
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