East Turkistan Government in Exile
East Turkistan Government-in-Exile
شەرقىي تۈركىستان سۈرگۈندى ھۆكۈمىتى
Sherqiy Türkistan Sürgündi Hökümiti
Anthem: Qurtulush Yolida
|Status||Government in Exile|
|Headquarters||Washington, D.C., United States of America|
|Religion||No religious affiliation, the ETGE promotes religious freedom|
|Type||Government in exile|
• Prime Minister
|Ghulam Osman Yaghma|
• Speaker of Parliament
|Legislature||Parliament of the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile|
|Establishment||14 September 2004|
The East Turkistan Government-in-Exile (Uyghur: شەرقىي تۈركىستان سۈرگۈندى ھۆكۈمىتى, ULY: Sherqiy Türkistan Sürgündi Hökümiti, USY: Шәрқий Түркистан Cүргүнди һөкүмити), or ETGE is an organization based in the United States of America. The ETGE sees itself as successors to the Second East Turkestan Republic. Its internal structure is government-like; it has stated that it seeks to restore East Turkistan's independence as a democratic, pluralistic, secular republic.
Position on East Turkistan
The territory of East Turkistan is administered by the People's Republic of China as the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, a situation that the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile considers an illegitimate military occupation. The position of the ETGE is that East Turkistan is a distinct nation with a long history of independence. The position of the People's Republic of China holds that East Turkistan (what China calls "Xinjiang") was formally included into Chinese territory during the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220) and the central government of all dynasties maintained jurisdiction over the region. China claims that East Turkistan never existed, although historical evidence shows otherwise.
Position on Terrorism
When it was originally established in September 2004, the People's Republic of China protested the United States and condemned the ETGE, accusing its members of being "terrorists." The ETGE, states it doesn't any connections to terrorist organizations or individuals and states it opposes terrorism of all kinds, including state terrorism perpetrated by China.
The funding of the ETGE comes mostly from private donations collected from the East Turkistani / Uyghur diaspora. The ETGE's Diplomacy and Human Rights Office in Washington, DC is registered as a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization in the United States and Canada. The ETGE has repeatedly called on the United States and nations of the Free World like Japan, and Canada to support them politically and financially. Although there has been no direct state funding of the ETGE, it has been rumored that Japanese organizations and institutions have donated to the ETGE at some point.
The ETGE is headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States of America. It claims to be the official representatives of the people of the entire Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and northwestern parts of Qinghai province, and Gansu Province — all of which is termed "East Turkistan" by the ETGE.
The ETGE operates under the "Constitution of the East Turkistan Government-In-Exile", adopted in 2004. Executive authority is vested in the Prime Minister an office currently held by Salih Hudayar, who was elected on November 11, 2019 at the ETGE's 8th General Assembly in Washington, DC. The Prime Minister is supported by a cabinet of ministers responsible for specific portfolios. Legislative authority is vested in the Parliament of the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile.
The East Turkistan Government-in-Exile's cabinet is made of nine different ministries and two deputy prime ministers. The Parliament is made up of several committees which are responsible for legislative activities relating to the relevant ministries.
The current Cabinet was selected by newly elected Prime Minister Salih Hudayar and approved by President Ghulam Osman Yaghma and Parliamentary Speaker Osmanjan Tursun in November 2019 following the ETGE's 8th General Assembly.
- Salih Hudayar - Prime Minister (USA)
- Mirqedir Mirzat – Deputy Prime Minister & Cabinet Secretary (France)
- Adil Abbas - Deputy Prime Minister & Foreign Minister (Canada)
- Alimjan Memet - Spokesperson (Germany)
- Nurehmet Kurban - Minister of Internal Affairs (Switzerland)
- Dr. Memet Litip - Minister of Culture & Education (Japan)
- Dr. Anwar Yasin - Minister of Finance (Japan)
- Hashimjan Turak - Minister of Communications (Canada)
- Abdullah Khoja - Minister of Religion & Interfaith Harmony (France)
Activities and relationship with other Uyghur organisations
The ETGE is not recognized as a sovereign government by any country, but one of its top goals under the newly elected administration is to achieve recognition along with political and financial support from governments of the Free World. The ETGE works in coordination with the Uyghur Canadian Association, the East Turkistan Cultural Center in Canada, the East Turkistan National Awakening Movement in the United States, the Uyghurstan Party based in Germany, the France Uyghur Association, and the Japan Uyghur Union.
Since it's founding in 2004 by various Uyghur independence activists including Anwar Yusuf Turani, the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile has organized numerous events to inform people about East Turkistan and the need for East Turkistani independence. Over the years, it has lobbied members of United States Congress, Japanese Parliament, Canadian Parliament, and the Turkish Parliament to recognize East Turkistan as an occupied country and to recognize the ETGE as the legitimate representatives of the Uyghur and other Turkic people of East Turkistan. In 2006, the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile's Parliament impeached Prime Minister Anwar Yusuf Turani for violating its constitution. Turani was later banned from the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile permanently following a long investigation by the ETGE's "Internal Affairs Ministry" found Turani to be connected to the jihadist Turkistan Islamic Party.
The ETGE was not very active during 2006-2018, although it did hold its regular General Assemblies and meetings, with the 7th General Assembly being held in Tokyo from November 12, 2015 - November 15, 2015. The ETGE increased its activities in the United States and increased its following among the Uyghur diaspora following announcement to reorganize itself back in 2018 with a younger generation. During November 10, 2019 - November 12, 2019, the ETGE held its 8th General Assembly in Washington, DC where it elected a new administration along with formulating a better road map to achieve East Turkistan Independence. Guest speakers at the event included retired Brigadier General Robert Spalding, the former Director of Strategic Planning at the US National Security Council, Joseph Bosco, the former China Director at the US Department of Defense, and Dr. Anders Corr, a former political analyst who previously worked for various US intelligence agencies. More recently, it has described China's repression of Uighurs as “an issue about colonialism in the 21st century." The group claims the conflict between China and Uyghurs dates back to China’s 1949 invasion, occupation and renaming of the region Uyghurs call East Turkistan.
Salih Hudayar, the newly elected Prime Minister of the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile, spoke on NPR's A1 program radio panel with the New York Times' Hong Kong correspondent Austin Ramzy and the Uyghur Human Rights Project's Director of Global Advocacy Louisa Greves about the Uyghurs and other Turkic ethnic groups in East Turkistan (Xinjiang). Salih Hudayar stated that "China is colonizing East Turkistan and engaging in a genocide against the Uyghurs." He defend the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile's position on independence and rejected being labeled as "separatists", stating, "we were never a part of China to begin with and we don't see ourselves as a part of China, therefore we don't see ourselves as separatists." On January 9, 2020, the East Turkistan Government-in-Exile published their first issue of their official bi-monthly journal titled "The Voice of East Turkistan" in the English language.
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- East Turkistan Independence Movement
- East Turkistan National Awakening Movement
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Category:Governments in exile
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