Empire State University
|Empire State University|
|First appearance||Amazing Spider-Man #31|
Empire State University (also known as ESU) is a fictional university in the Marvel Comics Universe. It is located somewhere in New York City, in Greenwich Village near the site of New York University. Many Marvel Comics characters, especially those associated with Spider-Man, have either attended or worked at the university. It first appeared in Amazing Spider-Man #31 (December 1965).
Depictions of the university's location have been vague, although maps published in the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe depict the university as being near Washington Square Park, on or near the site of New York University. In the 2002 Chamber miniseries, the main character dorms in Empire State's Brittany Hall, the name of a real dorm at NYU.
The novel The Venom Factor, by Diane Duane, places the university in Greenwich Village, where NYU is located.
Notable fictional students
Empire State University has had so many superhumans associated with it that Tony Stark endowed a scholarship for "aliens, dimensional travelers, clones, independent machine intelligences and other students outside the norm".
Peter Parker, also known as Spider-Man, studied physics at Empire State University after graduating high school.
Victor von Doom was invited to come from Latveria to study at Empire State, where he met Reed Richards. He was expelled after the accidental explosion that scarred his face.
Johnny Storm, the Human Torch, attended Empire State University. He was expelled and then sued after he accidentally burned part of a building down while engaged in a battle with supervillains.
A young Emma Frost also attended ESU in her late teens. She was there when an anti-mutant strike broke out.
Later, X-Man Chamber enrolled briefly at ESU in order to investigate a bombing that killed six people. Chamber's findings resulted in ESU closing their main mutant program, and creating a new human/mutant student exchange program with the Xavier Institute. The first participants of this program were Walter—Chamber's paraplegic, human dorm-mate—and Amber, a reptilian mutant student who assisted Chamber in his investigation.
Eddie Brock, AKA Venom, attends Empire State University in the Ultimate Spider-Man series.
Flash Thompson, AKA Agent Venom in The Amazing Spider-Man series.
Fictional staff, students, and faculty
|Debra Whitman||Amazing Spider-Man #196
|Quit||Secretary to Dr. Morris Sloan. Dated Peter Parker, but left him after finding out he was Spider-Man.|
|Harvey MacNamara||Amazing Spider-Man #225
|Employed||Registrar who was targeted by Foolkiller.|
|Dian Michael Abria||Amazing Spider-Man #310
|Employed||Head of MIS|
|Shelly Fisch||Employed||Head of Grant Program. Is not actually seen.|
|Dean Menckin||Fantastic Four #35 (February 1965)||Unknown|
|Professor Gregson Gilbert||Quit||Creator of Dragon Man.|
|Professor Miles Warren||Amazing Spider-Man #31
|Quit||Biology professor who taught Peter Parker and Gwen Stacy. Later created clones as the villain The Jackal.|
|Professor Marina Caches||Amazing Spider-Man #70
|Employed||Mother to Fabian LaMuerto and ex-wife to Black Tarantula.|
|Dean Marcus Corliss||Employed|
|Professor Clifton Shallot||Amazing Spider-Man #127 (December 1973)||Quit||Bio-mutation expert who became the third Vulture.|
|Damon Walthers||Sub-Mariner #66 (January 1974)||Employed||Research scientist, developed a force field device, which was stolen by his lab assistant Clay Wilson, who became Force.|
|Dr. Henry Croft||Sub-Mariner #68 (January 1974)||Unknown||Member of the Hydro-Men|
|Dr. Joseph Jennings||Unknown||Member of the Hydro-Men|
|Professor Rodney Ballinger||Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 2 #4 (March 1977)||Employed||Chemistry professor|
|Harrison Turk||Defenders #52 (October 1977)||Quit||Was actually Arisen Tyrk (Lunatik).|
|Dean Morris Sloan||Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man #32 (July 1979)||Unknown||Graduate professor under whom Peter Parker, Phillip Chang, Marcy Kane and Steve Hopkins studied and worked; inadvertently revived Swarm.|
|Professor Daniel Ironwood||Marvel Team-Up Annual #2
|Deceased||Father of Priscilla "Cissy" Ironwood, love interest to Peter Parker. Former expert in nuclear physics, kidnapped by the Soviet Super Soldiers, in effort to force him to complete a bomb.|
|Dean Enrico Montesi||Spectacular Spider-Man vol. 2 #41 (April 1980)||Employed|
|Professor Isaac Slattery||Employed||Biochemistry professor.|
|Dr. Michael Kissick||Amazing Spider-Man #221
|Employed||A biochemist who was coerced into formulating poisons for Ramrod|
|Professor Horatio Piper||Daredevil #202 (January 1984)||Deceased||Discovered Kingorge tribe and brought them to the United States. He was killed by Micah Synn after he freed Debbie Nelson|
|Professor Buck Mitty||Web of Spider-Man #19
|Deceased||Former entomologist who after ESU cut his funds, established Humbug identity to gain alternate funding. Also known as the Bug-Man of Alcatraz.|
|Evan Swann||Amazing Spider-Man #310 (December 1988)||Employed||Became one of the hosts for Captain Universe|
|Dr. Maxwell Lubisch||Amazing Spider-Man #326 (December 1989)||Employed||Attempted to tap into extradimensional power source, resulted in Spider-Man receiving Captain Universe power; history of failed experiment abroad, blackmailed by Sebastian Shaw.|
|Dr. Ashley Kafka||Spectacular Spider-Man #178
|Quit||Founded and runs the Ravencroft Institute for the Criminally Insane.|
|Peregrine Took||Marvel Comics Presents #127
|Employed||Formerly employed to Danny Rand and became a magic user teaching Asian studies ESU. Named after Peregrin "Pippin" Took from The Lord of the Rings.|
|Dr. Benita Sanchez||Amazing Spider-Man #386
|Employed||Creates the juvenator mechanism that could transfer life energy from one source to another.|
|Professor Toshiro Mikashi||Spider-Man: The Arachnis Project #1 (August 1994)||Deceased||later seconded to Williams University. Creator of the Arachnis Project and the father of Gunplay. He sacrificed his own life in an effort to destroy Carlton Drake/Homo Arachnis of the Life Foundation and his formula to so it would not be misused.|
|Prof. Isaac Sandor||Fantastic Force #2 (December 1994)||Unknown||Discovered Omnivirus.|
|Brian "Tiny" McKeever||Untold Tales of Spider-Man #1 (September 1995)||Employed||High School friend of Peter Parker. Head of security.|
|Professor Mark Howard||Amazing Spider-Man #421
|Employed||Taught graduate studies.|
|Anne-Marie Baker||Amazing Spider-Man #310 (December 1998)||Employed||Research Assistant to Dr. Evan Swann while getting doctorate, born in France, raised in London.|
|Dr. Philip Coyles||Slingers #6 (May 1999)||Employed||Science advisor of Eddie McDonough|
|Professor Henry Brandeis||Before the Fantastic Four: The Storms #1 (December 2000)||Unknown||Taught comparative religions. Next-door neighbor of Susan and Johnny Storm during their childhood; murdered by Comte St. Germaine, who was attempting to retrieve the Amulet of Zarathos.|
|Chancellor Edward Gorman||Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 3 #2 (September 2003)||Employed|
|Dr. Edward Lansky||Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 3 #3 (October 2003)||Quit||Physics professor who becomes the villain Lightmaster.|
|David Dwyer||Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 2 #9 (March 2004)||Unknown||Former president of ESU|
|Professor Francis Hutton||Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 3 #12 (May 2004)||Employed||Sociology professor who tells Peter about the Legion of Light.|
|Dean Eliot Irvine||Emma Frost #13 (September 2004)||Employed||Academic Advisor|
|Professor Robin Mason||Employed|
|Peter Wilcox||She-Hulk Vol. 2 #14 (February 2007)||Employed||Theoretical physicist, college classmate of She-Hulk, once dated Jen Walters, assisted in discovering nature of the compaction receptacles and Encroachiverses.|
|Greg Salinger||Omega the Unknown #9
|Expelled||Attended some undergraduate courses taught by Peter Parker before resuming his Foolkiller identity.|
|Horace Ledge||Defenders #51
|Unknown||Badly beaten by Lunatik when he tried to come to Valkyrie's aid, friend of Dollar Bill.|
|Brad Davis||Amazing Spider-Man #188 (January 1979)||Unknown||Former star quarterback, dated Mary Jane Watson.|
|Harvey Kenneth Farber||Peter Parker, The Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 2 #44
|Unknown||One of Peter's students.|
|Doreen Green||Marvel Super-Heroes Vol. 2 #8 (December 1991)||Enrolled||The superhero Squirrel Girl.|
|Bridget O'Neil||Fantastic Four #366 (July 1992)||Unknown||Archeology student at Empire State University, acquaintance of Human Torch (Johnny Storm).|
|Kevin Wilson||Excalibur #53 (August 1992)||Expelled||Member of the Litter, a group of genetically engineered human-dog hybrids. Goes by the name Pitbull.|
|Clemence Duval||Expelled||Member of the Litter, a group of genetically engineered human-dog hybrids. Goes by the name Poodle.|
|Monte Devlin||Expelled||Member of the Litter, a group of genetically engineered human-dog hybrids. Goes by the name Terrier.|
|Jan Radar||Expelled||Member of the Litter, a group of genetically engineered human-dog hybrids. Goes by the name Dane.|
|Basenji||Expelled||Member of the Litter, a group of genetically engineered human-dog hybrids. She is hospitalized by Captain Britain. Her real name is unknown.|
|Lillian Hsu||Marvel Comics Presents #127 (May 1993)||Unknown||Assistant to Peregrine Took, interested in Danny Rand.|
|Olgivy Landsfield||Unknown||Student of Peregrine Took.|
|Jack Hammer||Cable #3 (July 1993)||Expelled||Dropped out after Deadpool went back in time and sabotaged his chances at a job at Oscorp. Becomes his sidekick Weasel.|
|Jonothon Evan Starsmore||Generation X #1
|Unfinished||Attended briefly whilst investigating undercover a bombing on campus for the X-Men.|
|Kyle Barker||Doc Samson #1 (January 1996)||Expelled||Became an enemy of Doc Samson named Patchwork.|
|Axel Asher||Marvel Versus DC #1
|Unknown||Became the hero Access and prevented the Marvel Universe and the DC Universe from merging.|
|Todd Fields||Spider-Man #76 (January 1997)||Unknown||Went by the name Neil Aiken and became S.H.O.C.|
|Robin Vega||Spider-Man #82 (August 1997)||Expelled||Mutant who was on the run. Befriended Peter and Mary Jane.|
|Johnathan "Johnny" Gallo||Slingers #0 (September 1998)||Unknown||A mutant who took the name Ricochet from Peter Parker. Was part of the Slingers and later joined the Loners. Is now a part-time student at Avengers Academy.|
|Richard "Ritchie" Gilmore||Unknown||A jock who took the name Prodigy from Peter Parker. Was part of the Slingers and later joined the Initiative.|
|Edward "Eddie" McDonough||Deceased||A science wiz who took the name Hornet from Peter Parker. Was part of the Slingers and went solo before getting killed by Wolverine.|
|Cassie St. Commons||Unknown||A goth who took the name Dusk from Peter Parker. Was part of the Slingers, but has since disappeared.|
|Brian Broyd||Slingers #1 (December 1998)||Unknown||Roommate of Eddie McDonough.|
|Gigi Martin||Chamber #1 (October 2002)||Expelled||Formerly at Empire State University, sought to promote peaceful relationships between humans and mutants, made up of both, several killed when Alex's powers exploded out of control.|
|Walter Schmidt-Crane||Unknown||Chamber's roommate; on exchange program with the Xavier Institute.|
|Patrick O'Keefe||Unknown||Member of on-campus mutant group, Magnetic North|
|Amber McIntosh||Enrolled||Mutant, may have been depowered.|
|Kovalski Twins||Chamber #2 (November 2002)||Unknown||Bodyguards to Gigi Martin.|
|Alexis "Alex" Madden||Deceased||Formerly at Empire State University, sought to promote peaceful relationships between humans and mutants, made up of both, several killed when Alex's powers exploded out of control.|
|Christine "Christie" McDermott||Emma Frost #13
|Enrolled||Of Jack and Jill, former roommate of Emma Frost, briefly dated Ian Kendall, assaulted by him while he was controlled by Astrid Bloom, pressed charges against him, but forced to act like she was psycho/obsessed with him by Emma to clear Ian.|
|Max Devreaux||Emma Frost #14 (October 2004)||Expelled||Briefly dated Emma Frost, forced to assault her by Astrid Bloom, suspended.|
|Kai McNamara||Enrolled||Student of Professor Mason.|
|Anita Shannon||Enrolled||Student of Professor Mason.|
|Astrid Bloom||Unknown||Manipulated her own sister to kill their parents after they began neglecting her; manipulated Emma Frost to turn her against humanity.|
|Adam Blackveil||Avengers Vol. 5 #3 (March 2013)||Enrolled||An artificial human created by Ex Nihilo. Adopted the identity of Adam Blackveil to accompany Kevin.|
|Kevin Conner||Avengers Vol. 5 #7 (May 2013)||Enrolled||Becomes Starbrand during the White Event. Enrolls into ESU after accidentally destroying his old college.|
|Imani Greene||Starbrand & Nightmask #1 (February 2016)||Enrolled||Youth activist from a young age. Heavily scarred, but is Kevin's object of affection and friend.|
|Kenneth "Kenny Kong" McFarlane||Enrolled||Friend of Kevin and Adam. Knows their identities, but keeps it to himself.|
|Krysta Brown||Enrolled||Friend of Kevin and Adam. Is attracted to the latter.|
|Shelly Conklin||Starbrand & Nightmask #2 (March 2016)||Enrolled||Friend of Kevin and Adam. Is attracted to the former.|
|Peter Parker (Spider-Man)||Amazing Fantasy #15
|Alive||The Amazing Spider-Man. Briefly left ESU, but returned to graduate.|
|Flash Thompson||Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962)||Deceased||Former high school bully and later best friend of Peter Parker, became inspired by Spider-Man, eventually became Venom, died fighting Red Goblin.|
|Liz Allan||Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962)||Alive||Ex-Girlfriend of Flash Thompson. Wife of Harry Osborn. Current CEO of Alchemax.|
|Shantal Wilsk||Amazing Spider-Man #70
|Alive||Friend of Mary Jane Watson.|
|Candace Nelson||Daredevil #108 (March 1974)||Alive||Younger half sister to Foggy Nelson. Briefly dated Matt Murdock. Research project on the Sallis Papers got her in trouble with the government.|
|Dr. Bradley Bolton||Amazing Spider-Man #153 (February 1976)||Deceased||Co-creator of the WHO computer; sacrificed life protecting daughter from Paine, who wanted information on WHO.|
|Roger "Caps" Cooper||Nova #1 (September 1976)||Alive||Classmate and college roommate of Richard Rider; Nephew of Megaman; he is aware of Richard Rider's alter ego.|
|Bernie Dillon||Alive||Roommate of Richard Rider, employed at Marvel Burger, aware of Nova's secret identity.|
|Richard Rider||Alive||Became the superhero Nova.|
|Aaron English||Defenders #51
|Alive||Went by the nickname 'Dollar Bill.' TV producer, attempted to make documentary about Defenders, former roommate of Harrison Turk, later had own Public-access television cable TV show.|
|Phillip Chang||Amazing Spider-Man #184 (September 1978)||Alive||Took vow of peace, assaulted by White Dragon II. Skilled martial artist.|
|Felicia Hardy||Amazing Spider-Man #194
|Alive||The anti-hero Black Cat. Dated and was raped by a fellow student.|
|Marcy Kane||Peter Parker, Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 2 #32 (July 1979)||Alive||Is really a Contraxian named Kaina, posed as science grad student at Empire State University, former lover of Jack of Hearts, friend and co-worker of Peter Parker.|
|Steve Hopkins||Peter Parker, Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 2 #30 (November 1979)||Alive||With Peter Parker, biophysics major, practical joker.|
|Chip Martin||Peter Parker, Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 2 #36 (November 1979)||Alive||Became the villain Schizoid Man. Tried to reform.|
|Emma Frost||X-Men #129 (January 1980)||Alive||Majored in Education with a minor in Business Administration.|
|Roger Hochberg||Amazing Spider-Man #223 (December 1981)||Alive||Friend of Peter Parker, dated Mia Carrerra, encountered Red Ghost and Super-Apes.|
|Ethan Albright||Amazing Spider-Man Annual #25 (September 1991)||Alive||Agro-Lab, partnered with Chip Lockley in project to accelerate plant growth.|
|Chip Lockley||Amazing Spider-Man Annual #25 (September 1991)||Deceased||Partnered with Ethan Albright in Agro-Lab, attempted to develop plant growth accelerator, slain by Carnage.|
|Carlos Munoz||Amazing Spider-Man #351 (September 1991)||Alive||Assisted in Nuform experiments for Roxxon.|
|Delilah "Dee Dee" Dearborn||Doc Samson #1 (January 1996)||Alive||Mutated by Empire State University's experimental particle accelerator.|
|Susan Sawyer||Slingers #1 (December 1998)||Alive||Girlfriend of Bryan Broyd who was the roommate of Eddie McDonough.|
|Holly Gillis||Spectacular Spider-Man Vol. 3 #18 (October 2004)||Alive||Former Empire State University art student, she formerly dated Hector Ayala.|
In other media
- In Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, the university is sometimes shown as Empire State University and sometimes shown as Eastern State University.
- In Spider-Man, Peter Parker is a college student and attends Empire State University, as does Debra Whitman and Michael Morbius. Also, Dr. Curt Connors is a professor there.
- In Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, Peter Parker, Harry Osborn, and Mary Jane Watson are college students at Empire State University.
- Empire State university is featured in The Spectacular Spider-Man as the college where Eddie Brock attends and works as a lab assistant under Dr. Curt Connors and Martha Connors (just like in the Ultimate comics). In Season 2, Miles Warren joins the scientific staff and becomes a professor just like in the comics.
- In the film Spider-Man 2, Peter Parker attends Columbia University and not ESU, but in Spider-Man: The New Animated Series, which is set in between the first two Spider-Man movies, he, Mary Jane and Harry attend ESU.
- In Spider-Man 3, Robbie Robertson announces the Empire State Photographic Department had confirmed Eddie Brock's picture of Spider-Man assisting in a bank robbery while wearing the black suit was a forgery, after which Brock is fired on the spot.
- Director Louis Leterrier wanted Bruce Banner to meet Samuel Sterns at Empire State University in The Incredible Hulk, but in the finished film, Sterns' place of teaching is named as Grayburn College in S.H.I.E.L.D.'s database since Columbia Pictures, who owned the name as part of their rights to film Spider-Man, refused. Grayburn College is also used in the 2010 show The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes as the college where Henry Pym, or Ant-Man, does his research. It is named in the first-season episode "The Ultron Imperative".
- In the short film Item 47 on the Blu-ray bonus features of The Avengers, an Empire State University shirt can be seen worn by one of the characters.
- In a deleted scene of The Amazing Spider-Man, Dr. Connors states that he has a doctorate from Empire State University.
- In the film Spider-Man: Far From Home, Brad Davis is portrayed by Remy Hii as a classmate of Peter Parker.
- In the game Spider-Man 2: The Sinister Six, Doctor Octopus kidnaps Aunt May and holds her hostage in the university.
- In the Ultimate Spider-Man game university can be visited.
- In The Incredible Hulk (2008), the subplot with Samuel Sterns at ESU is adapted from the film that the game is based on. Empire State University is also a marked location on the game's map screen, one of many that the player must destroy to earn certain collectible items.
- Empire State University appears in Marvel: Avengers Alliance.
- Empire State University appears in Marvel's Spider-Man and Spider-Man: Miles Morales.
- Sanderson, Peter (2007). The Marvel Comics Guide to New York City. New York City: Pocket Books. pp. 30–33. ISBN 978-1-4165-3141-8. Search this book on
- Cowsill, Alan; Manning, Matthew K. (2012). Spider-Man Chronicle: Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. DK Publishing. p. 31. ISBN 978-0756692360. Search this book on
- "The Venom Factor" Venom Factor Book 1. ISBN 1-57297-038-3 Search this book on .
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- Heroes for Hire Vol. 2 #15
- Web of Spider-Man Annual #5 (1989)
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