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Fatima al-Samarqandi

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Fatima al-Samarqandi
فاطمة السمرقندي
Died581 A.H. = 1185 A.D.
EraIslamic Golden Age
Region Uzbekistan
Main interest(s)Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence)
Senior posting

Fatima bint Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Samarqandi (فاطمة بنت محمد بن أحمد السمرقندي) was a twelfth century Muslim scholar and jurist.[1][2]


Early life[edit]

Fatima was born to Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Samarqandi, a preeminent Hanafi jurist who took active part in his daughter’s education. He authored the book Tuhfat al-Fuqaha'.[1]

Marriage and career[edit]

She married 'Ala' al-Din al-Kasani, a student of her father and an expert of fiqh. Fatima’s dowry was Al-Kasani’s book, Bada'i' al-Sana'i' (The Most Marvellous of Beneficial Things), a commentary that he wrote on her father’s book, Tuhfat al-Fuqaha'. Her father was so impressed by the book that he accepted it as her dowry on behalf of Ala over the kings that had asked for her hand and offered more.[3] When her husband had any doubts and erred in issuing a fatwa, she would inform him the correct judgment and explain the reason for the mistake.[4] Although al-Kasani was a competent jurist, Fatima corrected and edited his legal opinions.[1]

Fatima al-Samarqandi was a personal counselor of Nur ad-Din, the mentor of Saladin.[1]


According to researcher Hoda Gamal, she is credited with establishing the tradition of setting up voluntary iftars for male fuqaha.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Abdullah, Umar Farooq. "The Empowering Jurist: Fatima al-Samarqandi". MSA McGill. Muslim Students' Association. Archived from the original on 17 February 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015. Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Suleman, Mehrunisha; Rajbee, Afaaf. "The Lost Female Scholars of Islam". Emel. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  3. "Fatima bint Mohammed ibn Ahmad Al Samarqandi". Mosaic: Recognizing extraordinary Muslim women. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  4. Nadwi, Mohammad Akram (2007). Al Muhaddithat: the women scholars in Islam. London: Interface Publishers. p. 144. ISBN 978-0955454516.
  5. El-Akkad, Farah (20 March 2014). "Women in early Islam" (1189). Al Ahram Weekly. Al Ahram Weekly. Retrieved 18 February 2015.

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