Frank Wijngaarde

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Frank Wijngaarde
Born(1939-08-14)August 14, 1939
💀DiedDecember 8, 1982(1982-12-08) (aged 43)
Paramaribo, SurinameDecember 8, 1982(1982-12-08) (aged 43)
💼 Occupation

Frank Wijngaarde (14 August 1939 – 8 December 1982) was a Dutch-Surinamese journalist. He was one of the victims of the December murders.


In his youth, he was interested in politics and he sat together with, among others, Baal Oemrawsingh and Nizaar Makdoembaks in the board of the Surinamese Youth Association "Manan" in The Hague. He worked in the Netherlands as a journalist for a newspaper and later studied political science. In 1975, he returned to Suriname, where he worked as a journalist.

In 1982, he was a journalist for the Surinamese radio station Ampie's Broadcasting Corporation, and had become a threat to the military regime through his reports. In the early morning of 8 December 1982, Wijngaarde, along with fifteen other opponents of the military regime in Suriname, were arrested and tortured. Fifteen of these, including Wijngaarde, were murdered by soldiers on the territory of Fort Zeelandia. Wijngaarde was the only person with a Dutch nationality who was murdered.

When the military authorities released the body a few days later, observers found a jaw fracture, broken teeth and bullet wounds in his face.[1] His father, Edgar Wijngaarde, former Minister of Finance of Suriname, was given two hours to arrange a funeral. After this emergency burial at the cemetery Annette's Court in Paramaribo, he immediately fled to the Netherlands, where he arrived at the age of 70 without any financial means.

In 1996, the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs Hans van Mierlo reminded the Surinamese government that a Dutch citizen had also been murdered during the December murders and urged an investigation on behalf of the family.[2] It lasted until November 30, 2007, when the trial of the suspects of the December murders began.[3]


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