G.C. Bharuka

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'Hon'ble Justice

Dr. G.C.Bharuka
File:Dr. Justice G.C.Bharuka.png
Dr. Justice G.C.Bharuka
Chairman, E-Committee
In office
2 January 2005 – 30 January 2008
Appointed by[[[Manmohan Singh|Dr. Manmohan Singh]]]
Prime Minister of India
Acting Chief Justice, Karnataka High Court
In office
1 June 1994 – 28 April 2003
Judge, Patna High Court
In office
27 July August 1990 – 30 May 1994
Personal details
Born(1941-06-15)15 June 1941
Bogra, Bangladesh
Died15 March 2018(2018-03-15) (aged 76)
New Delhi, India
Spouse(s)Dr. Hansa Bharuka
ChildrenRajni Tekriwal, Rashmi Agarwal, Devashish Bharuka, Subhashish Bharuka
ResidenceNew Delhi
Alma materNational Law School of India University], Bangalore
OccupationSr. Advocate, Supreme Court of India

Dr. Justice G.C.Bharuka (born 15th June, 1941) was the former Chairman of E-Committee[1] constituted by the Government of India for the period of 3 years from January 2005 to January 2008. He retired as the acting Chief Justice at theHigh Court of Karnataka].[2][3]

Early life and education[edit]

G.C.Bharuka[3] was born on June 15, 1941 in Bogra, in Bangladesh then East Pakistan. After completing his education from Ranchi, he moved to the city of Patna, Bihar to pursue law. In 2003, he completed doctoral studies from the National Law School of India University while still active on the bench at Karnataka High Court. His thesis was later published in a book form titled ‘Rejuvenating Judicial System through E-Governance & Attitudinal Change' published by Wadhwa & Co.[4]


Bharuka started his legal practice at the Patna High Court in 1968. Later, in 1984 he became a senior lawyer following which in the year 1990 he was elevated to the bench in Patna High Court. In 1994, he was transferred to the High Court of Karnataka where he served as a Judge till his retirement in June 2003 as the acting Chief Justice.

He played an instrumental role is implementing information technology practices in the Indian judicial system with introduction of computers for the first time at Patna High Court. After being transferred to the High Court of Karnataka in 1994, he automated the courts starting from subordinate to the high court.

In 2004, keeping the automation of Karnataka courts as a role model, Dr. Bharuka was recommended by the Honourable Chief Justice of India to the Union Cabinet to setup an e-committee for automation of all courts across India. Dr. Bharuka was appointed as the Chairman of the E-Committee[5] in the year 2005. Justice Bharuka was appointed as the chairman to formulate the National Policy and Action Plan for Information and Communication Technology Enablement of the Indian Judiciary and suggest measures for management related changes.

He has also been Chairman, National Anti Doping Tribunal, New Delhi. Besides that, he was a regular visiting faculty in the National Judicial Academy, Bhopal and Chanakya National Law University, Patna.

His work on judicial reforms was internationally recognized. He was engaged by the Asian Development Bank[6] as an External Consultant for its India Administration of Justice – Technical Assistance Report (2003-04). He was also engaged by Deloitte India as an External Consultant for improvement of the judicial system in Kenya through e-governance (2008-09). He was engaged by PricewaterhouseCoopers as Project Leader in a UNDP project for process mapping of the criminal justice system in Bangladesh and suggesting ways for implementation of ICT (since 2014). In 2013-14, the World Bank engaged him in their project for studying Land Governance in India and preparing a national document. Justice Bharuka was involved in module concerning Dispute Resolution.

He was awarded the Skotch Challengers Award[7] for ICT in Judiciary[8] in March 2006.


Amongst his writings, he was the Editor of 2007 ed of Mulla's Indian Partnership Act[9], Editor of 2007 ed of Mulla's Sales of Goods Act and Editor of the 10th ed. of Mulla's Transfer of Property Act, 2006. He contributed a Chapter on “Corruption in the Justice Delivery System” in the book “Fighting Corruption – The Way Forward” (2013). He also contributed a Chapter on “Access to Justice” in the book “Judicial Reforms in India”. He was a regular visiting faculty in the National Judicial Academy, Bhopal and Chanakya National Law University, Patna.

Other articles - Implementation of Information And Communication Technology In Indian Judiciary[10]


Dr. Justice G.C.Bharuka passed away due to a brain stroke in New Delhi on 15th March 2018. He breathed last at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.


  1. "Towards Speedy, Inexpensive, Transparent and Accountable Justice : Justice GC Bharuka, Chairman, e-Committee, Supreme Court of India | eGov Magazine". web.archive.org. 2017-01-19. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  2. "High Court of Karnataka Official Web Site". karnatakajudiciary.kar.nic.in.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "The wrong metric". The Indian Express. 2016-05-26. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  4. Sep 22, TNN | Updated:; 2003; Ist, 1:30. "'Blueprint' of judicial reforms released | Bengaluru News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2019-06-26.
  5. Krishna, R. Jai (30 August 2013). "Judge Bringing Tech Revolution to the Courts". WSJ.
  6. "UNO Doc" (PDF). UNODOC.
  7. "Award Categories-2006". www.challengers.in.
  8. "TECHNOLOGY AND TIMELY JUSTICE | Common Cause". www.commoncause.in.
  9. "Mulla The Indian Partnership Act by Gc Bharuka" – via www.sapnaonline.com.
  10. "Judicial Reform" (PDF). Rajasthan Judicial Academy.
  11. "'Blueprint' of judicial reforms released - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2018-04-26.

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