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Ghushmeshwar 12th jyotirling Mandir
Ghushmeshwar Jyotirlinga is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in the Shiva Purana Kotirudra Sahinta, and is believed to be the twelfth and final such shrine on earth. It is 3 km from Isarda Railway Station in Kota-Jaipur on the train route to Shiwar Town, at 100 km from Jaipur and 40 km from Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan, India, near Ranthambore National Park.
"सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्री शैले मल्लिकार्जुनम |
उज्जयिन्यां महाकालंओंकारं ममलेश्वरम ||(शिव पुराण कोटि रुद्र संहिता अध्याय 32-33)
केदारं हिमवत्प्रष्ठे डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम |
वाराणस्यां च विश्वेशं त्रयम्बकं गोतमी तटे ||
वैधनाथं चितभूमौ नागेशं दारुकावने |
सेतुबन्धे च रामेशं घुश्मेशं तु शिवालये"||
History[edit | edit source]
Shri Ghushmeshwar Jyotirlinga (Shivalya) is considered by its worshippers as the 12th Jyotirlinga of Lord Shiva, on the basis of historical and anecdotal evidence.
Legend has it that Sudeha, a brahmin of the Devagiri hills, and his wife Sudharma had not been blessed with offspring; so Sudharma convinced her younger sister Ghushma to become her husband's second wife. Ghusma's devotion to Lord Shiva, in the form of the great Lord Mahadeva, resulted in the birth of a son. Envious of Ghusma's honour and happiness, Sudeha arranged for the newly born baby to be killed. When this happened, Ghusma maintained her faith and kept worshipping as usual. The next day, Lord Shiva appeared before Ghushma. Pleased by her devotion, he resurrected her son, and told her that he would always abide in this place known as 'Ghushmeshwar' after the name of Ghushma (Shivpuran Kotirudra Sahinta Adhyay 32–33).
Gallery[edit | edit source]
Proof of 12th ghushmeshwar in shiwar[edit | edit source]
Proof of existence of 12th Jyotirling Shri Ghushmeshwar at Shiwar District Sawai Madhopur (Rajasthan):-
1. According to shivpuram (kotirudra) chapters 32 to 33, Ghushmeshwar, Jyotirling must be at Shivalaya.
सौराष्ट्रे सोमनाथं च श्री शैले मल्लिकार्जुनम ||
| उज्जयिन्यां महाकालंओंकारं ममलेश्वरम |||
केदारं हिमवत्प्रष्ठे डाकिन्यां भीमशंकरम ||
| वाराणस्यां च विश्वेशं त्रयम्बकं गोतमी तटे |||
वैधनाथं चितभूमौ नागेशं दारुकावने ||
| सेतुबन्धे च रामेशं घुश्मेशं तु शिवालये |||
In older times, this place was named Shivalaya, changed to Shival, and then to Shiwar (1179, tampatra)
2. Devagiri mountain in south:-
According to Shivpuran (kotirudra) chapter 33: In south of Ghushmeshwara Jyotirling, there is Devagiri mountain.|
दक्षिणस्यां दिशि श्रैष्ठो गिरिर्देवेति संज्ञकः महाशोभाविन्तो नित्यं राजतेऽदभुत दर्शन:|
तस्यैव निकटः ऐको भारद्वाज कुलोदभव: सुधर्मा नाम विप्रशच न्यवसद् ब्रह्मवित्तमः॥|
In south of Jyotirling temple, Shiwar, there is a mountain known as Devegiri, it turns into gold at the time of Mahashivratri, whose proof is given by story of Banjara who got gold while he was throwing stones at his cow and some stones he got from which he made Jyotirling walls and krinmukteshwar temple.|
3.Pond Shivalaya in north:-
According to Shivpuran(kotirudra)chapter 33, in Ghushmeshwar pradurbhav, lord shiv gave Vardan to Ghushma.|
तदोवाच शिवस्तत्र सुप्रसन्नो महेश्वर: स्थास्येत्र तव नाम्नाहं घुश्मेशाख्यः सुखप्रदः।44।|
घुश्मेशाख्यं सुप्रसिद्धं में जायतां शुभ: इदं सरस्तु लिंगानामालयं जयतां सदा।45।|
तस्माच्छिवालयं नाम प्रसिद्धं भुवनत्रये सर्वकामप्रदं हयेत दर्शनात्स्यात्सदासरः।46।|
Then shiv being happy said to Ghushma that I will be called Ghushmeshwar and will always reside here and will fill fortune in everybody’s life. This place will be famous by name Jyotirling Ghushmeshwar. This pond will be residence of Shivlings and it will be famous in three loks. In 1837, when this pond was drilled, 2000 Shivlings were found which give a proof of existence of Shivling and the name of Shivalaya perpetuates. The Brahmin Pujaris of temple gotra is also Shivalaya.|
4. Dharmacharya’s approval:-
Many scholars, dharmacharya, puratatvid, shodharthi have travelled this place and have proved the existence of Ghushmeshwar Jyotirling here: • Anant vibhushit jagat guru • Shri mad Shankaracharya swami Swarupanand ji saraswati,jyotirmath • Shri Nandnanand Saraswati, Varanasi • Shri Samb Dikshit Damodar Upadhyay, Karnataka • Shri Mahaandleshwar Shri Kantacharya ji, Barambanki • Brahamleen swami krishnanad ji maharaj, Jaipur • Shri ratan aggarwal, tatkalin nideshak puratatv and sanghralya, Jaipur • Mahamandleshwar swami Shri ramanand saraswati, Punya teerth, mauji baba Ki gufa, kota • Mahamandleshwar swami Shri Awadhesh kumaracharya(gagron peeth)ramdham, kota • Acharya Piyush ji Maharaja, Varndawan-Dham |
5. In kalian (Shri Kalyan 55, 4 April 81 Geeta press Gorakhpur):-
Pandit Purushottam Sharma gave quotes based on Ghushmeshwar Jyotirlinga, Shiwar:- “Two Devegiri mountains exist. In ‘Teerthsnk’and ‘Shivpuranank’of kalyan, people misunderstood Karnataka’s one before. But the truth is Shiwar’s Ghushmeshwar". On it Shankaracharya, aacharya, and mahatma’s have given the approval. Pandit purushottam asked for story of Karnataka-based mountain, so Shri Vishwanath Patil, editor of Kathalok, Subhash marg, delhi-6, send their story. There was a queen Ghrishna, her husband had a second wife who kidnapped Ghrishna’s son and send him in forest so that animals ate him. Ghrishna was a believer of lord Shiva. He told her the place where she will get her son.
References[edit | edit source]
Notes[edit | edit source]
- Chaturvedi, B. K. (2006), Shiv Purana (First ed.), New Delhi: Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd, ISBN 81-7182-721-7
- Eck, Diana L. (1999), Banaras, city of light (First ed.), New York: Columbia University Press, ISBN 0-231-11447-8
- Gwynne, Paul (2009), World Religions in Practice: A Comparative Introduction, Oxford: Blackwell Publication, ISBN 978-1-4051-6702-4.
- Harding, Elizabeth U. (1998). "God, the Father". Kali: The Black Goddess of Dakshineswar. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 156–157. ISBN 978-81-208-1450-9.
- Lochtefeld, James G. (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: A-M, Rosen Publishing Group, p. 122, ISBN 0-8239-3179-X
- R., Venugopalam (2003), Meditation: Any Time Any Where (First ed.), Delhi: B. Jain Publishers (P) Ltd., ISBN 81-8056-373-1
- Vivekananda, Swami. "The Paris Congress of the History of Religions". The Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda. Vol.4.
[edit | edit source]
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