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Haryana Khadi and Village Industries Board

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Haryana Khadi and Village Industries Board
हरियाणा खादी ग्रामोउद्योग निगम
[Haryana Khadi Gramoudhyog Nigam] error: {{lang}}: text has italic markup (help)
State agency overview
Formed2 January 1969 (1969-01-02)
JurisdictionGovernment of Haryana
Headquarters63-66, Sector-2, Panchkula, Haryana, India
30°41′45″N 76°51′36″E / 30.69583°N 76.86000°E / 30.69583; 76.86000
Fatal error: The format of the coordinate could not be determined. Parsing failed.


Minister responsible
  • Vipul Goel, Haryana Industries Minister
State agency executive
  • Mrs. Gargi Kakkar, Chairman
Parent departmentGovernment of Haryana
Websiteharkhadi.nic.in

The Haryana Khadi and Village Industries Board (HKVIB), also knows by its hindi name Haryana Khadi Gramodhyog Nigam (HKGN), founded in 1969, is a cooperative society of the Indian state of Haryana for the promotion of traditional khadi handloom weavers and 23 other village industries such as pottery, leather, gur, khandsari, oil ghani, soap, carpentry, blacksmith, agarbatti, handmade paper, processing of pulses and cereals, etc. Traditional artisans are given financial assistance in the form of 50% subsidy grant and 50% loan for the purchase of tools and construction of workshop.

Haryana State Handloom and Handicraft Corporation was also set up in 1976 for the development, sales and marketing of handloom and handicraft products of Haryanvi artisans across India, and for this purpose it has Intensive Development Project at Bhiwani and 10 Collective Weaving Centres and 7 Carpet Training Centres at Panipat.[1][2][3][4][5]

Haryana is nationally well known for the wollen khadi.[6] All employees of HKGN wear khadi to work.[7]

History[edit]

Mahatama Gandhi spinning khadi
United States Secretary, John Kerry looking at the khadi spinning wheel in the Sabarmati Ashram.

Khadi is a handwoven cloth.[8]. The freedom struggle revolved around the use of khādī fabrics and the dumping of foreign-made clothes.[9][10] The colonial British Raj was selling very high cost cloths to the Indians after buying raw cotton from India at cheap prices and then reselling the manufactured cloth to India. Consequently, Mahatma Gandhi started the Khadi movement to boycott foreign cloth,[11] to promote rural self-employment and self-reliance.[9][10][12][13][14] Thus Mahatma Gandhi started spinning himself and his followers and members of the Indian National Congress started to spin the cotton themselves. The chakri (spinning wheel) became the symbol of the Nationalist movement, which also came to be known as the khaddar or Khadi movement.[15]

After Haryana state was founded in 1966, the Haryana Khadi and Village Industries Board was established by the state government in 1969 to promote khadi and 23 other rural industries.[1][2][3]

National popularity of haryanvi woolen khadi[edit]

Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, asserted that khadi cloth is a movement to help the poor.[6] He further highlighted that the Khadi and Village Industries Commission is a statutory organisation engaged in promoting and developing khadi and village industries.[6] He lauded that Haryana, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir are known for the woolen khadi.[6]

Role of HKGN in promotion of khadi[edit]

Chief Minister of Haryana, Manohar Lal Khattar, released state's textile policy in 2018 which is aimed at creation of 50,000 new jobs and promotion of textile industry as well as khadi by attracting the investment of 500,000 million (US$7.0 billion).[16] To promote khadi, the HKGN collaborates with the Maharshi Dayanand University to create awareness of khadi.[17] To walk the talk, all the employees of the Haryana Khadi and Village Industries Board come to work in attire made of khadi cloth.[7]

See also[edit]

  • Charkha
  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission (Khadi Gramodyog)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Som Nath Sharma, 1992, Socio-economic Study of Agro Industries: Effects of Infrastructural, p.124.
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, Khadi Gramodyog, Volume 45, Page 396.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kiran Prem, 1994, Haryana District Gazetteers: Faridabad, Page 214.
  4. 1980, Haryana Review, Volume 14, Page 106.
  5. 1987, DHP Regional Board Directory of Members & Affiliated Associations, All-India Manufacturers' Organization. DHP Regional Board, p2-33.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 PM Modi in Mann Ki Baat: Khadi not a cloth, but a movement to help the poor, Business Standard, 24 Sep 2017.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Haryana KVIB staff to wear khadi clothes, Daily Pioneer, 22 Mar 2018.
  8. Sinha, Sangita. "The Story Of Khadi, India's Signature Fabric". Culture Trip. Retrieved 2017-08-08.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Saturday Dressing: Kerala govt staff opt for khadi". Business Standard. Press Trust of India. Retrieved 20 March 2016.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Brown, Theodore M.; Fee, Elizabeth (1 January 2008). "Spinning for India's Independence". American Journal of Public Health. 98 (1): 39. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2007.120139. PMC 2156064. PMID 18048775.
  11. "Historical background of Khadi". www.chandrakantalrks.org. Retrieved 2017-08-08.
  12. Pritchett, Frances. "spinning". www.columbia.edu.
  13. Cosgrove, Ben. "Gandhi and His Spinning Wheel: The Story Behind an Iconic Photo". Time.
  14. Cosgrove, Ben. "Gandhi: Quiet Scenes From a Revolutionary Life". Time.
  15. Selin, Helaine (1997). Encyclopaedia of the History of Science, Technology, and Medicines in Non- Western Cultures. The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 961. ISBN 0792340663. Search this book on Amazon.com Logo.png
  16. Haryana govt approves new textile policy, United News of India, 27 Feb 2018.
  17. https://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/state/punjab-and-haryana/other-cities-of-punjab/haryana/khadi-board-and-mdu-will-be-aware/articleshow/62760123.cms खादी बोर्ड और MDU करेंगे जागरूक (Khadi board and MDU will create awareness)], Navbharat Times, 3 Feb 2018.


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