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House of Maiduniya

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House of Maiduniya
(Arabic: بنو ميدونيا‎)
Parent houseBanu Gha
Place of originKano Emirate, Northern Region, Nigeria
FounderWaliyi Abdurrahim-Maiduniya
Estate(s)Warawa, Wudil, Sumaila

The House of Maiduniya is a noble family in Northern Nigeria that forms part of the Nigerian Chieftaincy, Islamic leadership and aristocracy. it is a branch of the Banu Gha family that descends from the Madinawa clan. The noble family is composed of the descendants of Waliyi Abdurrahim-Maiduniya a 19th Century Muslim Saint and jurist, the family are heirs to the position of Imam and Spiritual Leadership of Kadawa, Warawa appointed by the Kano Emirate Council.


House of Maiduniya is a translation of Al Maiduniya, an Arabic dynastic name formed by adding the word Al (meaning "family of" or "House of")[1] to the personal name of an ancestor. In the case of the Al Maiduniya, the ancestor is Waliyi Abdurrahim-Maiduniya, the Kano Emirate Muslim Saint and jurist[2] Waliyi Abdurrahim-Maiduniya was born into the noble house of Banu Gha, from the Madinawa clan, a clergy house active in the magharib[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11] members of the clan identify themselves as Fulani, Hausa, Arabs, Hausa-Fulani Arabs or Hausa-Fulani depending on their cultural assimilation, they are called Madinawa Malamai in reference to Medina, the city they claim to originate from,[12] the claim of descent from the Arab tribe is common in scholarly lineages throughout Northern Nigeria and the Sahara.[13][14][15]

He was married to a number of wives amongst which was Maryam Muhammad Inuwa Chango a Fulani from Chango Village at Warawa Local Government on the paternal side,[16] and belonged to the Jobawa Fulani Clan on the maternal side,[17] her mother Binta was the daughter of the Village head of Sumaila,[18] Sarkin Sumaila Dan Sumaila Akilu who was a descendant of Makaman Kano Iliyasu and Makaman Kano Isa I, who were District Heads of the Old Wudil District (comprising Wudil, Garko, Takai and Sumaila Local Governments),[19] they were members of the Kano Emirate Council and Kingmakers of the Kano Emirate, the official residence of the Makaman Kano is the Gidan Makama at Wudilawa, Kano Municipal Local Government.[20]

His family was influential in the Kano Emirate after the Kano Civil War which saw the emergence of Aliyu Babba as the Emir of Kano but the family of his wife Maryam whose maternal great-grandfather was Makaman Kano Iliyasu lost the title of Makaman Kano, District of Wudil to their relatives, they were loyal to Emir of Kano Mohammed Tukur, Makaman Kano Iliyasu lost his life at Kamri during the Kano civil war.[21]

Principles and Beliefs[edit]

Waliyi Abdurrahim Maiduniya was appointed an Imam at Kadawa,[22] during his tenure as an imam he advanced the acceptance of the Maliki School of thought in the Emirate by influencing later scholars to use the principles of the Maliki school of thought instead of the other Islamic school of thoughts,[23] the Maliki school is one of the four major madhhabs of Islamic jurisprudence within Sunni Islam.[24] It was founded by Malik ibn Anas in the 8th century. The Maliki school of jurisprudence relies on the Quran and hadiths as primary sources. Unlike other Islamic fiqhs, Maliki fiqh also considers the consensus of the people of Medina to be a valid source of Islamic law, the Maliki madhhab is one of the largest groups of Sunni Muslims, comparable to the Shafi`i madhhab in adherents, but smaller than the Hanafi madhhab.[25][26] Sharia based on Maliki doctrine is predominantly found in North Africa (excluding northern and eastern Egypt), West Africa, Chad, Sudan, Kuwait, Bahrain,[27] the Emirate of Dubai (UAE), and in northeastern parts of Saudi Arabia.[25]

Historical accounts report that he practiced zuhd asceticism as he goes without eating for days.[28] In the Kano Emirate he was regarded by some people as a Saint (Waliyi), he was buried at Kadawa, there is no record of the date of his death in the history books of the Emirate.[29]

Waliyi Abdu-Maiduniya, held the opinion that, Muslims must believe in the Five pillars of Islam, in all the Prophets of Islam from Adam to Prophet Muhammad and in angels, he also held the believed about Allah's attributes that are unique such as existence, permanence without beginning, endurance without end, absoluteness and independence, dissimilarity to created things, Oneness, Allah is all powerful, willful, knowing, living, seeing, hearing and speaking (signifying attributes), his descendants and followers are presently divided into the Izala, Qadiriya and Tijaniya with the Tijjaniya taking the majority among his descendants while a few are sectless. One of the Imams of Kadawa Mosque, Warawa Local Government Sheikh Usaini Umar (Malam Bala) is his relative.[30][31]

Leaders of the dynasty[edit]


  1. Ibrahim, Fatima (2010). A Brief History of Kadawa. Search this book on
  2. Sabiu, Mukthar (1990). The heritage of the Kano Emirate Saints. Search this book on
  3. Bashir, Ali (2000). Kano Malams in the Ninteenth Century. River Front Press. Search this book on
  4. Hassan, Mohammed (2018). Islamic Religious Practices and Culture of the Al-Ghali Family. Tafida Printing Press. Search this book on
  5. Abubakar, Badamasi. Trans Saharan Trade: Networks and Learning in Ninetenth Century Kano. Danjuma Press. Search this book on
  6. Aminu, Muhammad. The History of Al-Ghali Family. Gargaliya Press. Search this book on
  7. Sani, Muhammadu (1990). Arab Settlers in Kano. Sauda Voyager. Search this book on
  8. Balogun, Ismail A.B (1969). The penetration of Islam into Nigeria. Khartoum: University of Khartoum,Sudan, Research Unit. Search this book on
  9. Danlami, Yusuf (2005). Al-Ghali Family and its Religious Leaders. Danlami Printers. Search this book on
  10. Tarikh Arab Hadha al-balad el-Musamma Kano. Journal of Royal History. 1908. Search this book on
  11. Balarabe, Suleman (1987). The History of Kadawa Town. Bala Printing Press. Search this book on
  12. Abdullahi, Ahmed (1999). Madinawan Kano. Kano: Danlami Printers. Search this book on
  13. Norris, H.T. (1975). The Tuaregs:Their Islamic Legacy and Its Diffusion in the Sahel. England: Aris and Phillips,Ltd. Search this book on
  14. Last, Murray (1967). The Sokoto Caliphate. New York: Humanities Press. Search this book on
  15. Bello, Ahmadu (1962). My Life. Cambridge University Press. Search this book on
  16. Sumaila, Ahmed Abdullahi (2001). The History of Fulanin Chango. Kano: Kadawa Gaskiya Press. Search this book on
  17. Salisu, Yakubu (2007). History of Chango Town. Kadawa Gaskiya Press. Search this book on
  18. Idris Rimi, Abdulhamid (1991). The History of Sumaila. Zaria: Institute of Administration, Ahmadu Bello University. Search this book on
  19. Aminu, Muhammadu (2005). The Jobawa Fulani of Sumaila. Kadawa Gaskiya Press. Search this book on
  20. Aliyu, Sumaila. Jobe, a clan compendium. Search this book on
  21. Smith, M.G. (1997). Government in Kano, 1350-1950. Avalon Publishing. Search this book on
  22. Santali, Muhammadu (1981). The Kadawa Imams. River Front Press. Search this book on
  23. Abdullahi, Ahmed (2004). Maliki School of thought in the Kano Emirate. River Front Press. Search this book on
  24. Ramadan, Hisham M. (2006). Understanding Islamic Law: From Classical to Contemporary. Rowman Altamira. pp. 26–27. ISBN 978-0-7591-0991-9. Search this book on
  25. 25.0 25.1 Jurisprudence and Law – Islam Reorienting the Veil, University of North Carolina (2009)
  26. Abdullah Saeed (2008), The Qur'an: An Introduction, Routledge, ISBN 978-0415421256 Search this book on ., pp. 16–18
  27. Larkin, Barbara (July 2001). International Religious Freedom (2000). ISBN 9780756712297. Search this book on
  28. Muhammad, Ahmed (2013). The Zuhudu of Malam Abdu Maiduniya. Kano: Cipsco Printers. Search this book on
  29. Sumaila, Ahmed (2005). History of Islamic Education in Kano State:The Example of Imam Al-Ghali Zawiya. Kano: Kadawa Gaskiya Press. Search this book on
  30. Sani, Abdulkadir (2007). Al-Fiqh-Al-Akbar-An-Accurate-Translation. Mandawari Press. Search this book on
  31. Bashari, Tukur (2014). Madinawa and Their Teachings. Voyager Publications. Search this book on

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